Friday, February 16, 2018

Parsha Teruma, story, still tense on northern border

Parsha Teruma

Our Parsha comes after receiving the law and establish a court system. This week our Parsha goes from a practical world into a spiritual realm. Up to now, this was great for learning how to behave. Now we are learning about what is needed for and the building of the Mishkan. However, the Mishkan was no longer to be in use in the future Mikdash when David started building. So why do we learn this? For the sake of heaven. We learn what things are good for Teruma and what the Mishkan was made of. All this learning and how to go about doing a command of building something for HASHEM is Mussar for intelligent learning.
25:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Speak unto the children of Israel, that they take for Me an offering; of every man whose heart makes him willing ye shall take My offering.

This must be a heartfelt offering and not one made with a grudge that would weaken the spirituality of it.

3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them: gold, and silver, and brass;

The CREATOR of the Universe obviously has no personal need for physical substances as is written: Chagai 2:8 Mine is the silver, and Mine the gold, says the LORD of hosts. So why are these items requested? They are requested to make a beautiful and pleasant atmosphere for prayer. Maybe one can pray on the battlefield, or as I did at times on border patrol. However, in the back of one’s mind is the possibility of coming under attack. I wrote this about an armored corp. soldier named Milberg who went out of his tank on Yom Kippur to pray Mincha or Nila Prayer and the tank was shot out and then again Maariv. He ended up fighting from three tanks that day it was miraculous as told by his sister.

4 and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair; 5 and rams' skins dyed red, and giraffe skins, and acacia-wood;

Acadia wood is found abundant in Israel and Africa but one of such width and length must have been a tree left over from the time after the flood or quite a few generations. I wrote that the tallest and widest one is found in South Africa but smaller ones would be sufficient like in this image.
Today we have factories and chemists who have no problems making dies but the sky blue dye Techelles, the red threads or purple were rare and the former even hard to produce today. Just as giraffe skins are not easy to come by today, they were special materials “borrowed” from the upper class Egyptians.

6 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense; 7 onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate.

We shall see subsequently that the Onyx stones were on the shoulders of the Ephod or breastplate of the Cohain Gadol and the names of the tribes engraved upon them.

8 And let them make ME a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. 9 According to all that I show thee, the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the furniture thereof, even so shall ye make it.

The Shechina would rest upon the Cherubim and that was Tzimzum HASHEM. (Meaning - the condensation of L-RD who occupies the whole universe).

10 And they shall make an ark of acacia-wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

An Amar is 18 inches or 45 centimeters. The length is 45 inches or 112.5 cm. The width and height are 27 inches or 67.5 centimeters.

11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.

Gold, being the most malleable metal, can be made into foil thinner than aluminum foil for covering the Teva.

12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four feet thereof; and two rings shall be on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it. 13 And thou shalt make staves of acacia-wood, and overlay them with gold.

Making a beaten gold foil over this part of the Teva is a talent but nothing compared to have strong gold rings and a pure gold Ark Cover.

14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings on the sides of the ark, wherewith to bear the ark. 15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark; they shall not be taken from it. 16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee. 17 And thou shalt make an ark-cover of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. 18 And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold; of beaten work shalt thou make them, at the two ends of the ark-cover. 19 And make one cherub at the one end, and one cherub at the other end; of one piece with the ark-cover shall ye make the cherubim of the two ends thereof.

I shall write what I heard of the foundry problem of making the golden Menorah. However, this cover is larger, wider and with the Cherubim at both ends. Making it into one molded piece has such design and logistics problem even with computer methods makes it appear to me that Betzalel had more than talent called DIVINE help.

20 And the cherubim shall spread out their wings on high, screening the ark-cover with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the ark-cover shall the faces of the cherubim be. 21 And thou shalt put the ark-cover above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. 22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will speak with thee from above the ark-cover, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.

The Prophecy shall emanate from here. [After Nadav and Avihu died, it was only on Yom Kippur that the Cohain Gadol would enter the area. The rest of the year, maintenance Cohanim might enter to repair something on the walls without facing the Ark for their own safety.]

23 And thou shalt make a table of acacia-wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about. 25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of a handbreadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about. 26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof. 27 Close by the border shall the rings be, for places for the staves to bear the table.

The rings and the poles for traveling through the years of the Mishkan in the desert and from place to place in the land and remaining in the first Temple. (For pictures see the link after the Menorah)

28 And thou shalt make the staves of acacia-wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them. 29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and the pans thereof, and the jars thereof, and the bowls thereof, wherewith to pour out; of pure gold shalt thou make them. 30 And thou shalt set upon the table showbread before Me always.

The Showbread was brought Erev Shabbos and remained until the next Erev Shabbos and miraculously the Cohanim who ate it said that it tasted fresh and warm.

 31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, its knops, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it. 32 And there shall be six branches going out of the sides thereof: three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candle-stick out of the other side thereof; 33 three cups made like almond-blossoms in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three cups made like almond-blossoms in the other branch, a knop and a flower; so for the six branches going out of the candlestick. 34 And in the candlestick four cups made like almond-blossoms, the knops thereof, and the flowers thereof. 35 And a knop under two branches of one piece with it, and a knop under two branches of one piece with it, and a knop under two branches of one piece with it, for the six branches going out of the candlestick.

Now for a view of all the items in the Mishkan –Temple as reconstructed for the future Temple use see:

36 Their knops and their branches shall be of one piece with it; the whole of it one beaten work of pure gold.

When the Temple Institute commissioned the making of the current golden Menorah on display in Yerushalayim, there was a problem pouring the mold to make the gold in one piece and then beating out the work so that nothing broke. Betzalel was either a genius at mold makinog and pouring or he had help from heaven for the Temple institute used modern foundry methods, measuring tools and molds that Betzalel did not have available to him in the desert.

37 And thou shalt make the lamps thereof, seven; and they shall light the lamps thereof, to give light over against it. 38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

Snuffdishes were not what is commonly known in English “Snuff” which is Tobacco. But rather for burning Incense used in the Mikdash. This week a fellow scientists named Yishayahu Hollander HaCohain was discussing how they found some incense of the Temple and burned a little in the spectrometer to see its composition to try to duplicate it in the future. I just wonder if it were permissible even for this purpose to burn incense outside of the Temple. A lingering smell remained near the spectrograph for some time afterwards.

39 Of a talent of pure gold shall it be made, with all these vessels. 40 And see that thou make them after their pattern, which is being shown thee in the mount.

It was shown to Moshe but Betzalel was not shown it. Still he managed to produce it as shown on the mount. The answer is that HASHEM put the images in his mind as one has an embedded image on his computer and that is how Betzalel was able to produce the work as was shown to Moshe on the mount.

26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains: of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, with cherubim the work of the skillful workman shalt thou make them. 2 The length of each curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the breadth of each curtain four cubits; all the curtains shall have one measure. 3 Five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and the other five curtains shall be coupled one to another.

With the weight, surface tension and absorption of water, it took 300 Cohanim to purify the curtains in a giant Mikvah, pond, lake or ocean.

4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the first set; and likewise shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is outmost in the second set. 5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the second set; the loops shall be opposite one to another. 6 And thou shalt make fifty clasps of gold, and couple the curtains one to another with the clasps, that the tabernacle may be one whole. 7 And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair for a tent over the tabernacle; eleven curtains shalt thou make them.

I was told by Rabbi & Dr. Shalom Friedman Shlita, during his Daf Yomi Shuir, that a special talent was needed to weave the goats’ hairs into threads. I have no idea how many women nowadays have the time, patience and energy for this endeavor. All the work of the Mishkan was voluntary which makes it more amazing.

8 The length of each curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of each curtain four cubits; the eleven curtains shall have one measure. … remained over shall hang over the back of the tabernacle. 13 And the cubit on the one side, and the cubit on the other side, of that which remained over in the length of the curtains of the tent, shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.

This skin covering would be think and tight enough to be waterproof against the elements. It would be also very heavy. Since Eretz Yisrael does not have tornados on a scale that would suck up the covering, the skins were very securely in place.

14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red and a covering of giraffe above.

I assume that they did not send out a party to hunt giraffe in Africa but the skins came from the wealthy of Egypt and too the dyed red ram’s skin.

15 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle of acacia-wood, standing up. 16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half the breadth of each board.

The height of each board was 15 feet or 4.5 meters and the bottom was 27 in or 67.5 cm wide. The depth of each board is not stated so it is rectangular at the bottom and tapered to the top as I calculated last year or thinner on the bottom, which are anchored in place. Even though the thickness of the boards is not explicitly mentioned here, if we recall it was one Amar or 18 in or 45 cm thick and tapered to the top. The main reason that it is tapered to the top is its weight. The 50 boards and their sockets and bases had to ride in 2 wagons that were a minimum of 210 years old at the start and 250 years old upon entering Eretz Yisrael. Last year I calculated a weight in total of over 3 tons, which is 1.5 tons per wagon. However, if they were perfect rectangular in shape from top to bottom, they would be a minimum of 13 tons that is most likely above the load capability of the wagons.  

17 Two tenons shall there be in each board, joined one to another; thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle. 18 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards for the south side southward: 19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards: two sockets under one board for its two tenons, and two sockets under another board for its two tenons;

They all had to be precisely the same height for putting poles in to hold them in place and join them together.

20 and for the second side of the tabernacle, on the north side, twenty boards. 21 And their forty sockets of silver: two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board. 22 And for the hinder part of the tabernacle, westward thou shalt make six boards.

Usually the rain will come from the south, north or west very rarely from the east. Therefore, the curtains were in the east and the other sides were closed.

23 And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the hinder part. 24 And they shall be double beneath, and in like manner they shall be complete unto the top thereof unto the first ring; thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners.

Support columns that are 2 Amos or 90cm thick. [According to the Chazon Ish this would be a meter think.]

25 Thus there shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets: two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board. 26 And thou shalt make bars of acacia-wood: five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle, 27 and five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the hinder part westward; 28 and the middle bar in the midst of the boards, which shall pass through from end to end. 29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for holders for the bars; and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold. 30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which hath been shown thee in the mount.

A tremendously heavy, strong and firm structure help in place by poles. No mention of tying the poles to each other with curtain material but perhaps this was done for added strength and stability.

27:1 And thou shalt make the altar of acacia-wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be four-square; and the height thereof shall be three cubits. 2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof; the horns thereof shall be of one piece with it; and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

It is a hardwood altar and the brass covering would snuff out the air from the wood burning.

3 And thou shalt make its pots to take away its ashes, and its shovels, and its basins, and its flesh-hooks, and its fire-pans; all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass. 4 And thou shalt make for it a grating of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brazen rings in the four corners thereof. 5 And thou shalt put it under the ledge round the altar beneath, that the net may reach halfway up the altar. 6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of acacia-wood, and overlay them with brass. 7 And the staves thereof shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, in bearing it. 8 Hollow with planks shalt thou make it; as it hath been shown thee in the mount, so shall they make it.

Have you noticed that I deal with things that I understand like wood and metalwork of the Mishkan. I honestly have a lack of understanding of the tremendous work needed for the curtains and other materials of the Mishkan. Ble Neder net year I will try to learn this.

9 And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen a hundred cubits long for one side. …18 The length of the court shall be a hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty everywhere, and the height five cubits, of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.

The supporting tenons raised the boards and covering to the height of 5 cubits 7.5 feet or 2.25 meters.

19 All the instruments of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.

The Best Hiding Place by Rabbi Yerachmiel Tilles

Rabbi Yisroel Baumgarten was a wealthy Jew from Jerusalem. He did everything in his power and control to raise a family in the ways of G-d and our Holy Torah, but to his dismay, his children did not follow the Torah path. He tried encouraging them, motivating them and rewarding them, but nothing helped. They all moved to America to get away from their father and his strict religious ways. This caused Rabbi Baumgarten even greater heartache and frustration.
As the rabbi aged, his children tried to convince him to put his money into accounts that would shield him from hefty taxes, but he had his own plans and was not interested in discussing them with his children. They in turn figured they would have to wait till after he passed away, and then they would find out where he kept his money.
But that is not what happened. After Yisroel Baumgarten passed away, his children were shocked when they saw the will; he had left very little money for them. Furthermore, he had left no hint where all his money was stashed away. They hired lawyers to investigate, but the funds could not be traced and all their efforts were in vain.
Baumgarten also left instructions in his will that his apartment was not to be sold. This too was beyond his children's comprehension, but they did as was instructed and the apartment remained empty, except for occasional use by family members - a place to stay over in Jerusalem.
Years passed and the children went on in their lives. Though none of the children were religious, one grandson slowly became interested in the Torah way of life. He eventually travelled to Israel on a Birthright trip. When in the Holy Land, he became convinced that he should become an observant Jew. Furthermore, he decided he wanted to go in the same path as his religious and pious grandfather.
Instead of returning to America, he decided to stay on and enroll in a Yeshiva in Jerusalem where he could pursue his dream. As time passed the grandson became more and more engrossed in his Torah studies. He absorbed all that he was taught and developed an insatiable desire for learning Gemara.
One Shabbat day he ate at the home of his main Talmud teacher. On his way back to his dorm, he stopped in amazement in front of an apartment that he was about to pass. On the door was inscribed his grandfather's name!
Late that Saturday night, he called his father at home in America and told him what he discovered. His father told him that since the apartment was not being used at the time, he could stay there whenever he wanted. He then explained his son how to obtain the key.
The next Shabbat, for the evening meal, he again went to his Rabbi's home. Instead of walking all the way back from to his dorm late at night, he decided to sleep in his grandfather's apartment. When he arrived at the apartment, instead of going immediately to sleep, he decided to sit down at the dining room table and review his Gemara. He pulled out a Gemara Nedarim from his grandfather's bookcase and opened it to the page that he was learning in the chapter HaShutfin, which discusses the question of a father who wants to give his property to his child only on condition that his child will be a Torah scholar.
The grandson noticed that his grandfather had written notes on the side of this page in the Gemara. When he looked more carefully, he was astonished and totally blown away to realize that the note was addressed to him!
"To my dear grandchild,
"If you are reading these lines, then you have been privileged to return to the fold and you are now studying G-d's greatest gift to His people - Our Holy Torah.
"As such, I have a surprise for you. I am giving you my entire fortune. I want you to be able to learn Torah undisturbed by any financial worries."
Written in the Gemara was the location of the safe-deposit box that contained all of Rabbi Yisroel Baumgarten's assets, along with instructions how to obtain access to the box.
The grandson could hardly believe what he was reading. He ran back to his Rebbe's home and explained all that just transpired and then asked a dramatic question: Was he permitted to keep the money?
The question was brought before a renowned rabbinic authority in Jewish Law, who after listening to the entire story, determined that the grandson could indeed keep his grandfather's fortune.
Fast forward many decades. This grandson continues to learn Torah undisturbed. He has been blessed with a beautiful family of children and grandchildren who are all following in the footsteps of their patriarch, Rabbi Yisroel Baumgarten.

Source: Adapted by Yerachmiel Tilles from an email sent by Rabbi Saul Kassin, as forwarded by Shaya Yaraslawitz to Daniel Keren for posting on "Shabbos Stories for Parshas Vayishlach 5777."

The first part was scheduled for Parsha Mishpatim but due to the stories, questions and answers, it is published now:

Neither a borrower nor lender be – William Shakespeare.

The Halachos of borrowing. By Rabbi Yirmiyohu Kaganoff Part 1

Question: Shattered Shield
“A friend left for a few weeks, leaving me the keys for his car and permission to use it whenever I wanted. The first morning, when I went to get the car, I discovered that the windshield had been shattered by a stone or brick. Am I obligated to replace the windshield?”

Answering this question requires that we understand the legal responsibilities of someone who borrows an item. As always, the purpose of our article is not to offer a definitive halachic ruling, but to present background and knowledge. In this instance, as in all cases, a person should address any particular question to his rav or posek. And, since there are probably two parties involved, to resolve a matter amicably, I suggest that the two of you agree on a specific rav or dayan whose expertise you both recognize.

The Basics:
In parshas Mishpatim, the Torah presents three types of shomrim, people who assume responsibility for other people’s property. The Torah shebe’al peh, our Oral Torah, explains that these are the three categories:

A. A shomer chinam takes care of someone else’s property without any compensation and has no right to use the item. He is responsible to pay if the item was damaged due to his negligence, or if he used it without permission. If there are factual issues that are unresolved, such as determining whether the shomer was negligent, the owner may insist that the shomer swear a shevuah, an oath, to exonerate himself from liability. This last rule, that the owner is not required to accept the shomer’s version of what happened without corroborating evidence, is true also in regard to the other shomrim that we will soon discuss.

In recent history, batei din have been reticent about requiring someone to swear an oath, and therefore a beis din might effect a financial compromise in lieu of an oath.

B. A shomer sachar is one who takes care of an item and receives financial benefit. He is liable if the item is lost or stolen, but he is not obligated if it became lost or damaged for some reason beyond his control, which includes, for example, armed robbery.

C. A sho’eil borrows an item, receiving benefit without providing the owner with any compensation. As stated in the Mishnah (Bava Metzia 93a), a sho’eil is obligated to pay for any damage that happens to the item, even if it is completely beyond his control. The obvious reason why this is so is that since the sho’eil received benefit from the item gratis, he must make sure that he returns what he received, paying its full value, if need be.

Adultery according to Dr. Phil that if the other does it with you they are capable of doing it to you.

The proof the existence of G-D = The Jews.

In Judaism, Yacov consulted with Leah and Rachel. G-D told Avraham to listen to Sara regarding Yishmael, whom he loved. Now in Islam, women can be muzzled and a picture is worth a 1000 words.

Children have gone to the highest Purim Alert as Rosh Chodesh Adar starts.

Latest Public Opinion Poll matches others.

Inyanay Diyoma

2) F-16 shot down either by Iranian missile that penetrated shield or the shield failed electronically.,7340,L-5103264,00.html

Border Patrol medics work on an Arab who fainted.

Moscow finally urged all the involved parties to “exercise restraint and avoid any steps that could lead to aggravation of the situation.”

Outgoing general of the 210th Golan Division says war with Iran is a matter of time.

On Sunday, my oldest son and I had a few words with a former intelligence officer. He said that we are heading for war! Former head of Intelligence says about war with Iran.

Iran – Yisrael a taste of the next war.,7340,L-5106233,00.html

Hezballah official threatens Israel.

Katz: We will teach Iran a lesson that they will never forget. He is one of the followers and one of the contenders to replace Netanyahu when the time comes.

Gazans targeting Rabbis for they have found the secret of the Jewish people and Israeli victory – Avoda HASHEM.

Rabbi Joseph Isaac Korp sent Rabbi Benjamin Blech’s article. Mida Knegged Mida (measure for measure). Cape Town is running out of water and hates Israel enough to run out completely.

Next Israel and Iran engagement should be late April or Early May.

ISIS calls for attacks during Egyptian Elections:

Yishai Ed-Op IDF must change tactics. Complacency is what led to the incident, which could have been avoided had the jets flown at a lower altitude. (My conclusion too.),7340,L-5104846,00.html

Yishai: Iranians want new status quo:,7340,L-5103766,00.html

Russia helping Iran and the Sunni States to go Nuclear. Good Military Industrial Complex profits there:,7340,L-5108904,00.html

You can tell things are tense in the north when I bring down three Ed-Op analysis from senior analyst Ron Ben Yishai and he starts making the TV rounds. Holding down red lines and preventing war.,7340,L-5111288,00.html

After the lynch attempt a general speaks out clearly that women don’t belong on front lines. Remember what they did with the female reporter in Cairo and she was not their enemy.

Dr. Beres suspects even a future nuclear war with Iran.

Tillerson negotiates maritime border between Israel and Lebanon.

7 soldiers injured by old mine on the border of a known minefield.

Three Jewish Children and perhaps Faculty dead in Parkland FL. out of 17 murdered.,7340,L-5114704,00.html

The downing of the plane has gone into their heads and it is dangerous for them.

Next Shabbos is Parsha Zachor in the meantime enjoy this one with rest and relaxation,

Rachamim Pauli