Chaim O. sent me this and I figured that I would start my Drasha this week with a light subject to get in heavier material:
A Jewish woman goes to see her Rabbi in Bnei Brak. ''Yankele and Yossele are both in love with me,'' she says. ''Who will be the lucky one?'' The wise old Rabbi answers, "Yankele will marry you. Yossele will be the lucky one."
Barry Shaw - Better to live in a strong Israel that the world hates, than in Auschwitz that the world loves.
Guest Editorial from close to 1000 years ago
In the beginning: Said Rabbi Isaac: It was not necessary to begin the Torah except from “This month is to you,” (Exod. 12:2) which is the first commandment that the Israelites were commanded, (for the main purpose of the Torah is its commandments, and although several commandments are found in Genesis, e.g., circumcision and the prohibition of eating the thigh sinew, they could have been included together with the other commandments). Now for what reason did He commence with “In the beginning?” Because of [the verse] “The strength of His works He related to His people, to give them the inheritance of the nations” (Ps. 111:6). For if the nations of the world should say to Israel, “You are robbers, for you conquered by force the lands of the seven nations [of Canaan],” they will reply, "The entire earth belongs to the Holy One, blessed be He; He created it (this we learn from the story of the Creation) and gave it to whomever He deemed proper When He wished, He gave it to them, and when He wished, He took it away from them and gave it to us. That sums up our situation in the UN and other places.
Kabbala 101 Lesson 2
I receive a post on Face Book this week that a non-Jew sent me using various names of G-D spelled out. A certain minimum respect for the NAMEs of G-D is needed when learning Torah and Kabbala. I don’t say that one has to go to the Mikvah before studying every word of Torah however; I had a woman post about 6 to 8 names of the L-RD/G-D on my wall in full and I don't think it appropriate to throw around names of G-D as if we were talking about the Big Mac, HOJO, KFC, etc. It might not be per-sec taking the name of the L-RD in vain but I never called my father since about the Age of 3 Felix or my mother Charlotte except once for honoring my step-father as she was hard of hearing and then I used the title Mrs. Charlotte Weiss. A certain respect is needed.
Last week, I wrote about letters and words being created. In G-D’s thoughts prior to the creation of the Universe, the colors with in the light and sound in the visible and invisible spectrum were created. The Kabbalists thought of everything as the original thoughts were passed down by Moshe Rabbaynu.
To understand the Kabbala you have to have true Fear of G-D! Not the fear of hell nor the fear of punishment for you and your children but the fear of a faithful servant not wanting to step out of line with his master. Tehillim 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; a good understanding have all they that do thereafter; Mishlei (Proverbs) 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; but the foolish despise wisdom and discipline. The fear has to be for the sake of heaven and then one gets wisdom, knowledge and understanding or Chachma, Bina v’Daas.
What Professor Steven Harkins can’t fathom, the Kabbala can. That is the creation of Yesh (something) from Ayn (nothing) via telepathy from ELOKIM which made the pea sized universe containing earth, air, fire and water from an absolute zero temperature to the big bang. I am not here to discuss the physics of the Creation you can just Google and find out a lot of things for example: http://www.grandunifiedtheory.org.il/Book5/html/Lithium_atom_structure.htm You can click the whole book 1 through five if you are interested or even read the book: isbn: 965-90627-0-2 United nature theory- Hebrew national and university library doc num. 0095747 Library of congress- tx 5-572-750
I am interested in discussing this: 1:1. In the beginning of God's creation of the heavens and the earth.
Rashi states two things here of which the second statement is taken up widely in the Kabbala and Midrash. In the beginning of God’s creation of: Heb. בְּרֵאשִית בָּרָא. This verse calls for a Midrashic interpretation [because according to its simple interpretation, the vowelization of the word בָּרָא, should be different, as Rashi explains further]. It teaches us that the sequence of the Creation as written is impossible, as is written immediately below] as our Rabbis stated (Letters of R. Akiva , letter “Beth” ; Gen. Rabbah 1:6; Lev. Rabbah 36:4): [God created the world] for the sake of the Torah, which is called (Prov. 8:22): “the beginning of His way,” and for the sake of Israel, who are called (Jer. 2:3) “the first of His grain.” But if you wish to explain it according to its simple meaning, explain it thus: “At the beginning of the creation of heaven and earth, the earth was astonishing with emptiness, and darkness…and God said, ‘Let there be light.’” But Scripture did not come to teach the sequence of the Creation, to say that these came first, for if it came to teach this, it should have written: “At first (בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה) He created the heavens and the earth,” for there is no רֵאשִׁית in Scripture that is not connected to the following word, [i.e., in the construct state] like (ibid. 27:1): “In the beginning of (בְּרֵאשִית) the reign of Yehoyakim” ; (below 10:10)“the beginning of (רֵאשִׁית) his reign” ; (Deut. 18:4)“the first (רֵאשִׁית) of your corn.” Here too, you say בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אלֹהִים, like בְּרֵאשִׁית בְּרֹא, in the beginning of creating. And similar to this is, “At the beginning of the Lord’s speaking (דִּבֶּר) to Hosea,” (Hos. 1:2), i.e., at the beginning of the speaking (דִּבּוּרוֹ) of the Holy One, Blessed be He, to Hosea, “the Lord said to Hosea, etc.” Now if you say that it came to teach that these (i.e., heaven and earth) were created first, and that its meaning is: In the beginning of all, He created these-and that there are elliptical verses that omit one word, like (Job 3:9): “For [He] did not shut the doors of my [mother’s] womb,” and it does not explain who it was who shut [the womb]; and like (Isa. 8:4): “he will carry off the wealth of Damascus,” and it does not explain who will carry it off; and like (Amos 6:12): “or will one plow with cattle,” and it does not explain: “if a man will plow with cattle” ; and like (Isa. 46: 10): “telling the end from the beginning,” and it does not explain that [it means] telling the end of a matter from the beginning of a matter-if so, [if you say that Scripture indicates the order of creation] be astounded at yourself, for the water preceded, as it is written: “and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the water,” and Scripture did not yet disclose when the creation of water took place! From this you learn that the water preceded the earth. Moreover, the heavens were created from fire and water. Perforce, you must admit that Scripture did not teach us anything about the sequence of the earlier and the later [acts of creation].
God’s creation of the heavens and the earth: But it does not say “of the Lord’s creation of” (i.e., it should say “of the Lord God’s creation of” as below 2:4 “on the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven”) for in the beginning it was His intention to create it with the Divine Standard of Justice, but he perceived that the world would not endure; so He preceded it with the Divine Standard of Mercy, allying it with the Divine Standard of Justice, and that is the reason it is written: “on the day the Lord God made earth and heaven.”
I may not exactly attack this as the Rashi order but want to explain this according to my own understanding and thinking process.
A great secret is hidden in the words of the first half of the Rashi and I have gone over it many times and missed out on it. Rashi was not student of either plasma physics or chemistry but the tradition of the spiritual and physical creation. Rashi says the fire aka plasma of the first part of creation and the water molecules came (heaven) before the earth and atmosphere aka air. We see this in the words “and the earth” and just go on with our mundane business like we were reading the sports news after our horse (I don’t gamble) lost the Kentucky Darby. However, the Torah is not a scientific history book or a world history book as Rashi wrote: “At the beginning of the creation of heaven and earth, the earth was astonishing with emptiness, and darkness…and God said, ‘Let there be light.’” But Scripture did not come to teach the sequence of the Creation, to say that these came first. Actually as I wrote the letters, words, planning stage and the plan of Torah was formed. My speculation is that man was given a choice in Gan Eden of life and death and in his simplicity chose death and the hard road to bringing the mundane to the spiritual. The commentators all write that it was a matter of a few hours and he would have completed this simple task.
But if you wish to explain it according to its simple meaning, explain it thus: “At the beginning of the creation of heaven and earth, the earth was astonishing with emptiness, and darkness…and God said, ‘Let there be light.’” But Scripture did not come to teach the sequence of the Creation, to say that these came first, for if it came to teach this, it should have written: “At first (בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה) He created the heavens and the earth,” for there is no רֵאשִׁית in Scripture that is not connected to the following word, [i.e., in the construct state]
Rashi tells us that: 1) The Torah does not have to be taken as a scientific cook book or a world history book. We have this general rule in interpreting Torah that there is no earlier or later period recorded in the Torah and sometimes the later period may be recorded before an earlier period to teach us a less. (Literally there is no early or late in Torah) 2) From Rashi not taking the Torah on a literal value the earth might have been created not in the big bang but after the big bang.
The main mistake made of people who read the Torah is that each word is taken literally. There is a Pshat based on the simple meaning that cannot be ignored but there is also a tradition which, the Mishnah, Talmud, Kabbala, Midrash and other works brings down prior to Rashi that he condenses. So literal interpretations do not work all the time and neither is the Torah written 100% continuous like a history book although Beresheis through the receiving of the 10 Sayings on Har Sinai appear that way. Often other books like Sefer Yashar and the Midrash make up for gaps and even battles relating to the death of Schem and Hamor by Simon and Levi. So in short how long is day one through day four when the Sun and the Moon come into the picture and a 24 hr. day is established? Even the 4th day until the creation of man there is reason according to the Kabbala that eons passed until the end of the 6th day. Two years ago, I wrote that Darwin Evolution cannot be effective according to scientists but spontaneous Evolution from a commando of G-D seems more like to agree to the scientific study. The Kabbala and the Torah are not scientific texts to tell us if it is a 24 hr. day or 14,000,000,000 years or more. What we do know and the scientific data seems to confirm it is that the order described in the Torah appears correct and from the 5th day on it makes more and more sense. The old way there was skill the new way is I want it now. For other than plant life existing on radiation in the atmosphere, the animal kingdom could not exist without a sun and a moon.
Please I would like a people who receive this e-mail directly to send me feedback if these lessons interest you and worth continuing as they take a lot of time to prepare from the advanced down to the foundation level and still make it worth something not like the throwing around of names and hot air like others. Contrary to others, I don’t claim to know much Kabbala and I am not to be labeled a Kabbalist rather a Rabbi who scratches the surface of the higher spiritual realm.
A random thought about Cain – Tuval Cain and Esav: My father of blessed memory was against modern hunting. if you caught an animal in a trap and slaughtered it or shot it with a bow and arrow or spear that was hunting but not with a high powered automatic weapon where the animal has no chance of survival.
This year as I am engaged at this point with the Kabbala of creation from a layman’s plus standpoint. Once the Yetzer Hara got into mankind it did not take long before there were haves and have-nots. Hevel had his Korban received by the L-RD because it was given of the best of fruits. The largest, juiciest and most eye appealing fruits were in his sacrifice. Kayn only gave an average sheep or goat not the fattest and best and this was why his Korban was rejected. There was also a matter of with a good eye and a full heart. Hevel saw the world as: Ayn Od blilado – there is nothing without HIM. While Kayn saw the world as: What is mine is mine and what is yours is yours.
Eventually on Chanoch wrote a Sefer of improving oneself and he “walked with G-D” and legend identifies him as the Angel Metaron. However, most of the people when they went to the Shuk would take a small sample under a small coin’s worth of a man’s labor. A man would bring pecans for sale and each would take a test sample and sample from another pecan dealer and they would do this with all the fruit, not pay and be satisfied. They started in the days of Chanoch to honor the servants of G-D – the sun, moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Eventually during long lives learned how to predict the orbits, astrology and finally planet – star worship or strange worship known as Avoda Zara. Having a long life and not aging as we do today, many humans began to get bored with their one partner and began open marriages. These swingers did not see a Din (law) or a Dayan (judge) in their lives but born one day and about 850 to 950 years later expire.
During the first 930 years, Adam tried to calm down these people and Metushalach after him but the people who behaved like Adam was supposed to behave and to raise the generation from the mundane to the holy were taking the holy and making it mundane. (This sounds better in Hebrew:) Instead of measure for measure it became bed for bed in the swapping deal. The whole world became Hefker (unclaimed, free for the taking). The lives were not like the lives of the Native American to kill a Buffalo and make use of everything down to the bones but to kill a Giraffe just for its pretty hide. The world was becoming only pleasure seekers and full of violence (Hamas in Hebrew).
In order to affect repentance, Noach was given a task to build a Teva 120 years beforehand. So starting in the year 1536 the same type of souls who laughed in NY at Fulton’s Folly began laughing and poking fun of Noach’s folly. In fact when they got bored they would gather a few acorns or other useless seeds to them and throw then at Noach. Noach would rebuke them one by one saying a flood is coming. It was a joke to them and soon even throwing acorns at him became boring. Still they would laugh off that the L-RD would bring them a flood. (If you think that five years ago we were better than this – then think again. And it came to pass that the L-RD looked down on the world and saw that the United States was bullying Yisrael as in the days before Noach. And they forced Yisrael to abandon the righteous ones living in Gush Katif and give it over to Hamas. And the Anger of the L-RD who created everything was kindled. The L-RD then called upon the Air and the Water to make war against the Earth and the Fire of the sun heated up the Gulf of Mexico. The L-RD then caused a furious hurricane to arise called Katrina. Some of the people heeded the warning and fled the winds and the flooding. But many of the people in the City of New Orleans through their mayor and governor did not prepare to listen to the warnings and evacuate. The people who listen to these leaders received the fury of the L-RD. Those that were righteous enough suffered because of the US pressure being avenged by the L-RD. But because they listen to the warnings they were only displaced and not trapped in a city. Those who did not leave were subject to lack of potable water, looting and led to a Stadium where all hell broke out even fury towards the aid workers that volunteered. As for the Prime Minister of Yisrael because of the good things he had done in his life for Am Yisrael he did not deserve full wrath and judgement. So the L-RD suspended him between heaven and earth between being alive and being dead. Five years to Gush Katif and five years to Katrina – there are no accidents in the world! … And it came to pass in the days that Barak Hussein Obama ruled that …) This chapter is not written so repentance, prayer and charity can still avoid the evil decree and don’t think that it is not out there. My job is to get the Jews to slowly but surely start observing Shabbos, Kashrus and Family Purity. Your job is to observe the Mitzvos. REMEMBER EVERY TIME IT IS WRITTEN AND “IT CAME TO PASS” SOMETHING BAD IS ABOUT TO HAPPEN SO “WHERE ARE YOU ADAM” AS G-D ASKED?
So Noach would explain, plead, reproach and set an example for his generation for 120 years. He would go out to the mountains to look for precious stones to pay for the equipment and hire people to help him in cutting and transporting the heavy logs for the Teva. I sure that because of the Hamas that he was robbed on numerous occasions and had to develop safeguards as to not lose his stones. I wonder if they had the wickedness to tax him or invent an EPA to try to slow him down or make him give up. Nothing would surprise me with these idle jokers poking fun at him. Not one of them thought of building even a small boat with supplies for them and their families just in case. When the flood came, the Midrash says that animals were sent by the L-RD – lions and stampeding elephants and buffalo to prevent the masses from attack the Teva or hitching a ride. 120 years they had and they wasted it away.
WHAT ABOUT YOUR OWN LIVES IS IT A CHOICE BETWEEN WATCHING SOME PEOPLE BAT A BALL AROUND FOR 9 INNINGS OR LEARNING TORAH AND DOING MITZVOS BEFORE THE WAR OF GOG AND MAGOG COMES UPON US. I can hear at this moment of typing the local Mosque going strong with their prayers what are you doing to prevent the success of their prayers to kill and maim the Dhimmis whom they hate? What are you doing to bring on blessings for Am Yisrael?
Noach chided and pleaded with the people of the world. I just hope and pray that since the giving of the Torah we will be better off.
The deeds of our fathers are a signal to us. Learn your Torah history. What happened to Noach will reoccur this time through Fire. There is still time to avoid thermonuclear fire by turning it into the fire of the 5 chimneys of Auschwitz. One man cannot do it by himself it takes 10 to make a Minyan so hop on board! We are about to enter a whole new world not after a flood of water but our sages tell us but a flood of fire.
Mitzvos and Halachos by Danny Shoemann
It's a Mitzva to wipe out all descendants of Amalek. Since nowadays we do not know who is a pedigreed descendant of Amalek, we are awaiting the arrival of Eliyahu Hanavi to enlighten us, after which we will wipe them out. May we live to see the arrival of Eliyahu HaNovi speedily in our days. Verse: "Erase all traces of Amalek" (Devarim 25:19)
Source: The Chafetz-Chaim's Sefer HaMitzvos HaKatzar; Positive Mitzvah 77
This completes the 77 positive Mitzvos which apply nowadays. For the full list go to http://mitzvoh.blogspot.com/
One may not erect a stone monument - where the multitudes gather - for the sake of worship; be it idol worship or even worshipping Hashem. One who erects such a monument deserves 39 lashes by Bet Din. Applies to everybody, everywhere, always Verse: "Do not erect any monuments" (Devarim 16:22)
Source: The Chafetz-Chaim's Sefer HaMitzvos HaKatzar; Prohibition 162
It is forbidden to get a permanent tattoo.
One who punctures their skin and inserts die or coloring agents, deserves 39 lashes in Bet Din. Applies to everybody, everywhere, always Verse: "... and do not get a tattoo." (Vayikra 19:28) Source: The Chafetz-Chaim's Sefer HaMitzvos HaKatzar; Prohibition 163
Since Mussaf on Shemini Atzeres (last Thursday) we have been praising Hashem for the wonderful gift of rain, by adding Mashiv HaRuach Umorid HaGeshem - משיב הרוח ומוריד הגשם - into the second Bracha of the Amida. If one forgets to add this?
If one has not yet finished the 2nd Bracha then one adds it after any of the many phrases in this Bracha. If one wishes, one may restart the Bracha and say it in its correct place.
If one already finished the 2nd Bracha?
- If you have the custom of adding "Morid HaTal" - מוריד הטל - during the summer, then continue as usual. No amendment is required.
- If you do NOT have the custom of adding "Morid HaTal" - מוריד הטל - during the summer, then you have to restart the Amida from the beginning. This is because the first 3 Berachos of the Amida are considered a single entity. One continues saying V'Ten Bracha - ותן ברכה - in the 9th Bracha of the Amida until the 7th Mar Cheshvan in Israel and the 5th December in the Diaspora. Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 19:1, 2, 5
Since the Schach (branches covering the Sukkah) were used for a Mitzvah, they deserve some respect even after having done their duty. After Sukkoth when the Schach is taken down, one should not trample on it. One may throw them away, but one may not use them for disrespectful purposes like building an outhouse.
One may burn Schach. Care should be taken with decorations that have Torah verses written on them. Preferably one shouldn't hang up such decorations, but if one did, then they need to go into Geniza or otherwise carefully looked after. Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 134:13, 14
It's a Mitzva to keep one's body in the best of health. A person should continuously pray that they remain healthy, for if one gets sick, one will need spiritual merits - repentance and good deeds - to fully recover. Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 190:3, 192:1
HaRav Amnon Yitzchak Shlita on Reincarnation in Hebrew with English Subtitles: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvZObTdivBk&feature=related
The Torah’s Instructions to Non-Jews—The Laws of Bnei Noach by Rabbi Yirmiyohu Kaganoff
Although it may seem strange for a non-Jew to ask a rav a shaylah, it should actually be commonplace. After all, there are tens of thousands of times more non-Jews than Jews in the world, and each one of them should be concerned about his or her halachic responsibility. Many non-Jews are indeed concerned about their future place in Olam Habah and had the nations not been deceived by spurious religions, many thousands more would observe the mitzvos that they are commanded. It is tragic that they have been misled into false beliefs and practices.
An entire literature discusses the mitzvah responsibilities of non-Jews. Although it was Adam who was originally commanded to observe these mitzvos, they are usually referred to as the “Seven Mitzvos of the Bnei Noach,” since all of mankind is descended from Noach.
Furthermore, a Jew should be familiar with the halachos that apply to a non-Jew since it is forbidden to cause a non-Jew to transgress his mitzvos. This is included under the Torah’s violation of “lifnei iver lo sitein michshol,” “Do not place a stumbling block before a blind person.” In this case, this means do not cause someone to sin if he is blind about the seriousness of his violation (Gemara Avodah Zarah 6b).
In actuality, a non-Jew must observe more than seven mitzvos. The “Seven Mitzvos” are really categories; furthermore, there are additional mitzvos that apply, as we will explain.
The seven cardinal prohibitions that apply to a non-Jew are:
1. AVODAH ZARAH.
It is forbidden for a non-Jew to worship idols in any way. Most religions of the world are idolatrous, particularly the major religions of the East.
Although Christianity constitutes idol worship for a Jew, there is a dispute whether it is idolatry for a ben Noach. Some poskim contend that its strange concepts of G-d do not violate the prohibition against Avodah Zarah that was commanded to Adam and Noach (Tosafos to Bechoros 2b s.v. shema; Rama, Orach Chayim 156). However, most later poskim contend that Christian belief does constitute Avodah Zarah even for a non-Jew (Shu”t Noda B’Yehudah, Tenina, Yoreh Deah #148; Chazon Ish, Likutim to Sanhedrin, 63b pg. 536). In this regard, there is a widespread misconception among Jews that only Catholicism is Avodah Zarah but not Protestantism. This is untrue. Every branch and type of Christianity includes idolatrous beliefs.
2. GILUY ARAYOS, which prohibits many illicit relationships.
3. MURDER, including abortion (Gemara Sanhedrin 57b), suicide, and mercy killing.
It should be noted that capital punishment, when halachically authorized, does not violate this mitzvah because the Torah requires it to guarantee observance of the Seven Mitzvos of Bnei Noach.
4. EIVER MIN HACHAI, eating flesh taken from a live animal.
This prohibition includes eating a limb or flesh removed from an animal that is still halachically considered alive even if the animal is now dead.
In the context of this mitzvah, the Rishonim raise an interesting question. Adam was forbidden to eat meat (see Bereishis 1:29-30), but Noach was permitted to after the Flood (Bereishis 9:3; see Rashi in both places). So why was Adam prohibited from eating flesh of a living animal if he was prohibited from eating meat altogether?
Two differing approaches are presented to answer this question. The Rambam explains that the prohibition to eat meat that was given to Adam was rescinded after the Flood, and it was then that the prohibition of Eiver Min HaChai was commanded to Noach for the first time (Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 9:1). According to this approach, six of the present day “Seven Mitzvos” were commanded to Adam, while the seventh was not commanded until the time of Noach.
Other Rishonim contend that Adam was permitted to eat the meat of an animal that was already dead and only prohibited from killing animals for food. In addition, he was prohibited to eat meat that was removed from a living animal and this prohibition is one of the “Seven Mitzvos” (Rashi, Sanhedrin 57a s.v. limishri, and Bereishis 1:29; Tosafos, Sanhedrin 56b s.v. achal). The first prohibition was rescinded after the Flood, when mankind was permitted to slaughter animals for food. Thus according to the Rambam, Adam was prohibited both from killing animals and from eating any meat, while according to the other Rishonim, he was prohibited from killing animals but allowed to eat meat.
Although a non-Jew may not eat the flesh of a living animal, he may eat blood drawn from a living animal (Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 9:10; cf. Gemara Sanhedrin 56b and 59a, and Rashi, Breishis 9:3). Some African tribesmen extract blood from their livestock, mix it with milk, and drink it for a nutritious beverage. Although we may consider this practice very offensive, it does not violate the mitzvos of a non-Jew in any way.
A non-Jew who curses Hashem is subject to capital punishment if his crime was witnessed. As with his other mitzvos, he may not claim that he was unaware it is forbidden.
This prohibition includes taking even a very small item that does not belong to him, eating something of the owner’s on the job without permission, or not paying employees or contractors (Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 9:9). According to some opinions, it includes not paying workers or contractors on time (Meiri, Sanhedrin).
7. DINIM, literally, laws.
This mitzvah includes the application of civil law code, including the laws of damages, torts, loans, assault, cheating, and commerce (Ramban, Breishis 34:13; cf. Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 9:14). Furthermore, there is a requirement to establish courts in every city and region to guarantee that people observe their mitzvos (Gemara Sanhedrin 56b; Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 9:14).
ARE NON-JEWS REQUIRED TO OBSERVE THE COMMERCIAL LAW OF THE TORAH?
Does the mitzvah of Dinim require non-Jews to establish their own system of law, or is the mitzvah to observe and enforce the Torah’s mitzvos, what we would usually refer to as the halachos of Choshen Mishpat?
In a long tshuvah, the Rama (Shu”t #10) contends that this question is disputed by Amorayim in the Gemara. He concludes that non-Jews are required to observe the laws of Choshen Mishpat just like Jews. Following this approach, a non-Jew may not sue in a civil court that uses any system of law other than that of the Torah. Instead, he must litigate in a beis din or in a court of non-Jewish judges who follow halachic guidelines (see Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 10:11). Therefore, a gentile who accepts money on the basis of civil litigation is considered stealing, just like a Jew. The Rama’s opinion is accepted by many early poskim (e.g., Tumim 110:3; Shu”t Chasam Sofer, Choshen Mishpat #91).
However, the Netziv disagrees with the Rama, contending that non-Jews are not obligated to observe the laws of Choshen Mishpat. In his opinion, the Torah requires non-Jews to create their own legal rules and procedures. Although a Jew is forbidden from using the non-Jewish court system and laws (see the article published in these pages on Parshas Shoftim), according to the Netziv a non-Jew may use secular courts to resolve his litigation and indeed fulfills a mitzvah when doing so (HaEmek Shaylah #2:3). Other poskim accept this approach (Even HaEzel; Chazon Ish, Bava Kamma 10:1). Several major poskim contend that the dispute between the Rama and Netziv is an earlier dispute between the Rambam and Ramban (Shu”t Maharam Schick, Orach Chayim #142; Shu”t Maharsham 4:86; Shu’t Avnei Nezer, Choshen Mishpat #55).
What is a non-Jew to do if he must sue someone? May he litigate in civil court or must he sue in beis din? Because this subject is disputed, we would have to decide whether the rule of “safek di’oraysa l’chumra” (we are strict regarding a doubt concerning a Torah law) applies to a gentile. (Although I have seen no literature on this shaylah, I believe that it is subject to dispute.) If the gentile asks how to proceed in the most mehadrin fashion, we would tell him to take his matter to beis din because this is permitted (and a mitzvah) according to all opinions.
It should be noted that according to both opinions, a non-Jew must observe dina di’malchusa dina—laws established by civil authorities for the common good. Therefore, he must certainly observe tax codes, traffic laws, building or zoning codes, and regulations against smuggling.
AN INTERESTING SHAYLAH – BRIBING A DISHONEST JUDGE
The Chasam Sofer (6:14) was asked the following shaylah: A gentile sued a Jew falsely in a dishonest court. The Jew knew that the gentile judge will rule against him, despite the absence of any evidence. However, bribing the judge may gain a ruling in the Jew’s favor. May he bribe the dishonest judge to rule honestly?
Chasam Sofer rules that it is permitted. The prohibition against bribing a non-Jew is because a gentile is responsible to have an honest court. However, one may bribe a dishonest judge to rule honestly. (Of course, the Jewish litigant must be absolutely certain that he is right.)
In addition to the “Seven Mitzvos,” there are other activities that are also prohibited to a non-Jew. According to some opinions, a non-Jew may not graft trees from different species or crossbreed animals (Sanhedrin 56b; Rambam Hilchos Melachim 10:6; Meiri ad loc.; cf. Shach Yoreh Deah 297:3 and Dagul Mei’re’vavah ad loc.; Chazon Ish Kilayim 1:1). Some poskim even prohibit a non-Jew from owning a grafted fruit tree, and a Jew may not sell him such a tree because he is causing a non-Jew to violate his mitzvah (Shu’t Mahar”i Asad, Yoreh Deah #350; Shu’t Maharsham 1:179).
Some poskim contend that non-Jews are prohibited from engaging in sorcery (see Kesef Mishneh, Hilchos Avodah Zarah, 11:4). According to this opinion, a non-Jew may not use any type of black magic, necromancy, or fortune telling. However, most opinions disagree (Radbaz to Hilchos Melachim 10:6).
MAY A NON-JEW OBSERVE MITZVOS?
A gentile may not keep Shabbos or a day of rest (without doing melacha) on any day of the week (Gemara Sanhedrin 58b). The reason for this is subject to dispute. Rashi explains that a non-Jew is obligated to work everyday because the Torah writes, “Yom VaLayla Lo Yishbosu,” which can be interpreted to mean, “Day and night they (i.e., the non-Jews) may not rest.” The Rambam (Hilchos Melachim 10:9), however explains that a gentile is prohibited from making his own holiday, or religious observance because the Torah is opposed to the creation of man-made religions. In the words of the Rambam, “A non-Jew is not permitted to create his own religion or mitzvah. Either he becomes a righteous convert (a ger tzedek) and accepts the observance of all the mitzvos, or he remains with the laws that he has without adding or detracting.” A third reason mentioned is that a Jew may mistakenly learn from a gentile who keeps a day of rest and the Jew may create his own mitzvos (Meiri).
Because of this halacha, a non-Jew studying for conversion must perform a small act of Shabbos desecration every Shabbos. There is a dispute among poskim whether this applies to a non-Jew who has undergone bris milah and is awaiting immersion in a mikvah to complete his conversion (Shu”t Binyan Tzion #91).
You probably noticed that there are few positive mitzvos among the non-Jew’s commandments. They are required to believe that the mitzvos were commanded by Hashem through Moshe Rabbeinu (Rambam Hilchos Melachim 8:11). They are also obligated to establish courts. A non-Jew is permitted to observe the mitzvos of the Torah, except for those mentioned above (Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 10:10). He is even permitted to offer korbanos (Zevachim 116b).
The Gemara states that a gentile is not permitted to study Torah (Sanhedrin 59a). One opinion of the Gemara explains that the Torah belongs to the Jewish people and by studying Torah the gentile is “stealing” Jewish property. However, there are many exceptions to this ruling. Firstly, a gentile may study all the halachos applicable to observing his mitzvos (Meiri). Rambam rules that it is a mitzvah to teach a non-Jew the halachos of offering korbanos if he intends to bring them (Rambam, Maasei HaKorbanos 19:16). According to the Rama’s opinion that a non-Jew must observe the Torah’s civil laws, the gentile may study all the intricate laws of Choshen Mishpat. Furthermore, since a non-Jew is permitted to observe other mitzvos of the Torah (other than those mentioned above), some opinions contend that he may learn the laws of those mitzvos in order to observe them correctly (Meiri, Sanhedrin 58b).
There is a dispute among poskim whether one may teach a non-Jew Torah if the non-Jew is planning to convert. The Meiri (Sanhedrin 58b) and Maharsha (Shabbos 31a s.v. amar lei mikra) rule that it is permitted, whereas Rabbi Akiva Eiger forbids it (Shu”t #41). Others permit teaching Nevi’im and Kesuvim to non-Jews (Shiltei HaGibborim, Avodah Zarah 20a, quoting Ohr Zarua) and other poskim permit teaching a non-Jew about miracles that the Jews experienced (Shu”t Melamed Leho’il Yoreh Deah #77).
Incidentally, Rav Moshe Feinstein rules that one is permitted to teach Torah to Jews while a non-Jew is listening (Igros Moshe, Yoreh Deah 2:132). For this reason, he permits conducting a seder with a gentile in attendance.
OLAM HABAH FOR A NON-JEW
A gentile who observes his mitzvos because Hashem commanded them through Moshe Rabbeinu is called “Chassidei Umos HaOlam” and merits a place in Olam Habah. Observing these mitzvos carefully does not suffice to make a gentile into a Chassid. He must observe his mitzvos as a commandment of Hashem (Rambam Hilchos Melachim 8:11).
When I was a congregational rabbi, I often met non-Jews who were interested in Judaism. I always presented the option of becoming an observant ben Noach. I vividly recall meeting a woman whose grandfather was Jewish, but who was halachically not Jewish. She was keeping kosher, no small feat in her town - where there was no Jewish community. Although she had come to speak about converting, since we do not encourage this I explained the halachos of Bnei Noach to her instead.
An even more interesting experience occurred to me when I was once making a kashrus inspection at an ice cream plant. A worker there asked me where I was from, and then informed me that he used to attend a Reform Temple two blocks from my house! I was surprised, not expecting to find a Jew in the plant. However, it turned out that he was not Jewish at all, but had stopped attending church after rejecting its beliefs. Now he was concerned because he had stopped attending the Reform Temple that was far from his house. I discussed with him the religious beliefs and observances of Bnei Noach, explaining that they must be meticulously honest in all their business dealings, just like Jews. I told him that Hashem gave mitzvos both to the Jews and to the non-Jews, and that Judaism is the only major religion that does not claim a monopoly on heaven. Non-Jews too merit olam habah if they observe their mitzvos.
Over the years I have noticed that many churchgoing gentiles in the United States have rejected the spurious and strange tenets of Christianity. What they have accepted is that Hashem appeared to Moshe and the Jewish people at Sinai and commanded us about His Mitzvos. This belief is vital for a non-Jew to qualify as Chasidei Umos HaOlam – he must accept that the commandments of bnei Noach were commanded to Moshe (Rambam, Hilchos Melachim 8:11).
As Jews, we do not proselytize to gentiles, nor seek converts. However, when we meet sincere non-Jews, we should direct them correctly in their quest for truth through introducing them to the Seven Mitzvos of Bnei Noach (see Tosafos, Chagigah 13a).
Rabbi A.L. sent me this cute joke about Parsha Noach: And the Lord spoke to Noah and said: "In six months I am going to make it rain until the whole earth is covered with water and all the evil people are destroyed. But I want to save a few good people, and two of every kind of living thing on the planet. I am ordering you to built me an Ark", said the Lord. And in a flash of lightening He delivered the specifications for an Ark. "OK," said Noah, trembling in fear and fumbling with the blueprints.
"Six months, and it starts to rain" thundered the Lord. "You had better have my Ark completed, or learn how to swim for a very long time." And six months passed. The skies began to cloud up and rain began to fall. The Lord saw that Noah was sitting in his front yard, weeping. And there was no Ark. "Noah," shouted the Lord, "Where is my Ark??" A lightening bolt crashed into the ground next to Noah, for emphasis.
"Lord, please forgive me," begged Noah. "I did my best. But there were big problems. First I had to get a building permit for the Ark construction project, and your plans did not meet Code. So I had to hire an engineer to redraw the plans. Then I got into a big fight over whether or not the Ark needed a fire sprinkler system. My neighbors objected claiming I was violating zoning by building the Ark in my front yard, so I had to get a variance from the city planning commission. "Then I had a big problem getting enough wood for the Ark because there was a ban on cutting trees to save the Spotted Owl. I had to convince the United States Fish and Wildlife that I needed the wood to save the Owls. But they would not let me catch any owls. So no owls. Then the carpenters formed a union and went out on strike. I had to negotiate a settlement with the National Labor Relations Board before anyone would pick up a saw or a hammer. Now we got 16 carpenters going on the board, and still no owls.
"Then I started gathering up the animals, and got sued by the animal rights group. They objected to me taking only two of each kind. Just when I got the suit dismissed, Environmental Protection Agency notified me that I could not complete the Ark without filing an environmental impact statement on your proposed Flood. They did not take kindly to the idea that they had no jurisdiction over the conduct of a Supreme Being. The Army Corps of Engineers wanted a map of the proposed new flood plan. I sent them a globe.
"Right now I am still trying to resolve a complain from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission over how many Crotians I am supposed to hire, the Internal Revenue Service has seized all of my assets claiming I am trying to avoid paying taxes by leaving the country, and I just got a notice from the State about owing some kind of use tax. "I really do not think I can finish your Ark for at least another five years," Noah wailed.
The sky began to clear. The sun began to shine. A rainbow arched across the sky. Noah looked up and smiled. "You mean you are not going to destroy the earth??" Noah asked, hopefully.
"Wrong!!" Thundered the Lord. "But being Lord of the Universe has its advantages. I fully intend to smite the Earth, but with something far worse than a flood, some Man invented himself."
"What is that??" Asked Noah.
There was a long pause, and then the Lord spoke his Last Word, "Government,"
How to answer a Missionary: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GZW-NKGXFGg&feature=player_embedded#!
ost OECD countries; gap between Jewish and Arab Israelis still considerable.
Non-Jewish Israeli Nazi fighter dies at the age of 96: http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3963144,00.html
Aren’t you glad you use Tefillin?? Do not you wish everyone did??
This couldn’t happen to a better bunch of anti-Semites: http://www.debka.com/article/9050/
I don’t believe in giving away an inch but this is not a bad idea for a non-religious Jew: http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3962227,00.html
Cable NAZI Network loses an anchor: http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3962701,00.html
Iran, Lebanon and Syria: http://www.debka.com/article/9058/
Who is at fault? http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3962502,00.html
More on Iran http://www.debka.com/article/9061/
Syria and honesty: http://www.debka.com/article/9062/
Watch out Damascus this time we can pinpoint bomb: http://www.debka.com/article/9064/
Many years ago Charley Reese retired from the Orlando Sentinel R’ A.L. sent me this and it is applicable today. Although I cut it short about the individuals in the USA who control our laws it could be about Israel, English and other politicians with the exception of the ending.
Politicians are the only people in the world who create problems and then campaign against them..
Have you ever wondered, if both the Democrats and the Republicans are against deficits, WHY do we have deficits?
Have you ever wondered, if all the politicians are against inflation and high taxes, WHY do we have inflation and high taxes?
This might be funny if it weren't so true.
Be sure to read all the way to the end:
Tax his land,
Tax his bed,
Tax the table,
At which he's fed.
Tax his tractor,
Tax his mule,
Teach him taxes
Are the rule.
Tax his work,
Tax his pay,
He works for peanuts anyway!
Tax his cow,
Tax his goat,
Tax his pants,
Tax his coat.
Tax his ties,
Tax his shirt,
Tax his work,
Tax his dirt.
Tax his tobacco,
Tax his drink,
Tax him if he
Tries to think.
Tax his cigars,
Tax his beers,
If he cries
Tax his tears.
Tax his car,
Tax his gas,
Find other ways
To tax his ass.
Tax all he has
Then let him know
That you won't be done
Till he has no dough.
When he screams and hollers;
Then tax him some more,
Tax him till
He's good and sore.
Then tax his coffin,
Tax his grave,
Tax the sod in
Which he's laid...
Put these words
Upon his tomb,
Taxes drove me
to my doom...'
When he's gone,
Do not relax,
Its time to apply
The inheritance tax..
Accounts Receivable Tax
Building Permit Tax
CDL license Tax
Corporate Income Tax
Dog License Tax
Federal Income Tax
Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA)
Fishing License Tax
Food License Tax
Fuel Permit Tax
Gasoline Tax (currently 44.75 cents per gallon)
Gross Receipts Tax
Hunting License Tax
IRS Interest Charges IRS Penalties (tax on top of tax)
Marriage License Tax
Personal Property Tax
Real Estate Tax
Service Charge Tax
Social Security Tax
Road Usage Tax
Recreational Vehicle Tax
State Income Tax
State Unemployment Tax (SUTA)
Telephone Federal Excise Tax
Telephone Federal Universal Service Fee Tax
Telephone Federal, State and Local Surcharge Taxes
Telephone Minimum Usage Surcharge Tax
Telephone Recurring and Nonrecurring Charges Tax
Telephone State and Local Tax
Telephone Usage Charge Tax
Vehicle License Registration Tax
Vehicle Sales Tax
Watercraft Registration Tax
Well Permit Tax
Workers Compensation Tax
STILL THINK THIS IS FUNNY? Not one of these taxes existed 100 years ago, & our nation was the most prosperous in the world. We had absolutely no national debt, had the largest middle class in the world, and Mom stayed home to raise the kids.
What in the heck happened? Can you spell 'politicians?'
THIS MESSAGE IN THIS ARTICLE SHOULD BE SENT TO CONGRESS AND AMERICAS UNINFORMED MEDIA!
Forwarded by Emanuel A. Winston, Middle East Analyst & Commentator
by Geert Wilders (VILL-ders) who is a Member of Parliament in The Netherlands
In a generation or two, the US will ask itself: who lost Europe?'
Here is the speech of Geert Wilders, Chairman, Party for Freedom, the Netherlands , at the Four Seasons, New York , introducing an Alliance of Patriots and announcing the Facing Jihad Conference in Jerusalem .
Thank you very much for inviting me.
I come to America with a mission. All is not well in the old world. There is a tremendous danger looming, and it is very difficult to be optimistic. We might be in the final stages of the Islamization of Europe. This not only is a clear and present danger to the future of Europe itself, it is a threat to America and the sheer survival of the West. The United States as the last bastion of Western civilization, facing an Islamic Europe.
First I will describe the situation on the ground in Europe . Then, I will say a few things about Islam. To close I will tell you about a meeting in Jerusalem .
The Europe you know is changing.
You have probably seen the landmarks. But in all of these cities, sometimes a few blocks away from your tourist destination, there is another world. It is the world of the parallel society created by Muslim mass-migration.
All throughout Europe a new reality is rising: entire Muslim neighborhoods where very few indigenous people reside or are even seen. And if they are, they might regret it. This goes for the police as well. It's the world of head scarves, where women walk around in figureless tents, with baby strollers and a group of children. Their husbands, or slaveholders if you prefer, walk three steps ahead. With mosques on many street corners. The shops have signs you and I cannot read. You will be hard-pressed to find any economic activity. These are Muslim ghettos controlled by religious fanatics. These are Muslim neighborhoods, and they are mushrooming in every city across Europe . These are the building-blocks for territorial control of increasingly larger portions of Europe , street by street, neighborhood by neighborhood, city by city.
There are now thousands of mosques throughout Europe . With larger congregations than there are in churches. And in every European city there are plans to build super-mosques that will dwarf every church in the region. Clearly, the signal is: we rule.
Many European cities are already one-quarter Muslim: just take Amsterdam , Marseille and Malmo in Sweden . In many cities the majority of the under-18 population is Muslim. Paris is now surrounded by a ring of Muslim neighborhoods. Mohammed is the most popular name among boys in many cities.
In some elementary schools in Amsterdam , the farm can no longer be mentioned, because that would also mean mentioning the pig, and that would be an insult to Muslims.
Many state schools in Belgium and Denmark only serve halal food to all pupils. In once-tolerant Amsterdam . gays are beaten up almost exclusively by Muslims. Non-Muslim women routinely hear 'whore, whore'. Satellite dishes are not pointed to local TV stations, but to stations in the country of origin.
In France , school teachers are advised to avoid authors deemed offensive to Muslims, including Voltaire and Diderot; the same is increasingly true of Darwin . The history of the Holocaust can no longer be taught because of Muslim sensitivity.
In England , sharia courts are now officially part of the British legal system. Many neighborhoods in France are no-go areas for women without head scarves. Last week, a man almost died after being beaten up by Muslims in Brussels , because he was drinking during the Ramadan.
Jews are fleeing France in record numbers, on the run for the worst wave of anti-Semitism since World War II. French is now commonly spoken on the streets of Tel Aviv and Netanya , Israel . I could go on forever with stories like this. Stories about Islamization.
A total of fifty-four million Muslims now live in Europe . San Diego University recently calculated that a staggering 25 percent of the population in Europe will be Muslim just 12 years from now. Bernhard Lewis has predicted a Muslim majority by the end of this century.
Now, these are just numbers. And the numbers would not be threatening if the Muslim-immigrants had a strong desire to assimilate. But there are few signs of that. The Pew Research Center reported that half of French Muslims see their loyalty to Islam as greater than their loyalty to France . One-third of French Muslims do not object to suicide attacks. The British Centre for Social Cohesion reported that one-third of British Muslim students are in favor of a worldwide caliphate. Muslims demand what they call 'respect'. And this is how we give them respect. We have Muslim official state holidays.
The Christian-Democratic Attorney General is willing to accept sharia in the Netherlands if there is a Muslim majority. We have cabinet members with passports from Morocco and Turkey .
Muslim demands are supported by unlawful behavior, ranging from petty crimes and random violence, for example against ambulance workers and bus drivers, to small-scale riots. Paris has seen its uprising in the low-income suburbs, the banlieus. I call the perpetrators 'settlers'. Because that is what they are. They do not come to integrate into our societies; they come to integrate our society into their Dar-al-Islam. Therefore, they are settlers.
Much of this street violence I mentioned is directed exclusively against non-Muslims, forcing many native people to leave their neighborhoods, their cities, their countries. Moreover, Muslims are now a swing vote not to be ignored.
The second thing you need to know is the importance of Mohammed the prophet. His behavior is an example to all Muslims and cannot be criticized. Now, if Mohammed had been a man of peace, let us say like Ghandi and Mother Theresa wrapped in one, there would be no problem. But Mohammed was a warlord, a mass murderer, a pedophile, and had several marriages - at the same time. Islamic tradition tells us how he fought in battles, how he had his enemies murdered and even had prisoners of war executed. Mohammed himself slaughtered the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza. If it is good for Islam, it is good. If it is bad for Islam, it is bad.
Let no one fool you about Islam being a religion. Sure, it has a god, and a here-after, and 72 virgins. But in its essence Islam is a political ideology. It is a system that lays down detailed rules for society and the life of every person. Islam wants to dictate every aspect of life. Islam means 'submission'. Islam is not compatible with freedom and democracy, because what it strives for is sharia. If you want to compare Islam to anything, compare it to communism or national-socialism; these are all totalitarian ideologies.
Now you know why Winston Churchill called Islam 'the most retrograde force in the world', and why he compared Mein Kampf to the Quran. The public has wholeheartedly accepted the Palestinian narrative, and sees Israel as the aggressor. I have lived in this country and visited it dozens of times. I support Israel . First, because it is the Jewish homeland after two thousand years of exile up to and including Auschwitz; second, because it is a democracy, and third, because Israel is our first line of defense.
This tiny country is situated on the fault line of jihad, frustrating Islam's territorial advance. Israel is facing the front lines of jihad, like Kashmir, Kosovo, the Philippines , Southern Thailand, Darfur in Sudan , Lebanon , and Aceh in Indonesia . Israel is simply in the way. The same way West-Berlin was during the Cold War.
The war against Israel is not a war against Israel . It is a war against the West. It is jihad. Israel is simply receiving the blows that are meant for all of us. If there would have been no Israel , Islamic imperialism would have found other venues to release its energy and its desire for conquest. Thanks to Israeli parents who send their children to the army and lay awake at night, parents in Europe and America can sleep well and dream, unaware of the dangers looming.
Many in Europe argue in favor of abandoning Israel in order to address the grievances of our Muslim minorities. But if Israel were, God forbid, to go down, it would not bring any solace to the West It would not mean our Muslim minorities would all of a sudden change their behavior, and accept our values. On the contrary, the end of Israel would give enormous encouragement to the forces of Islam. They would, and rightly so, see the demise of Israel as proof that the West is weak, and doomed. The end of Israel would not mean the end of our problems with Islam, but only the beginning. It would mean the start of the final battle for world domination. If they can get Israel , they can get everything. So-called journalists volunteer to label any and all critics of Islamization as a 'right-wing extremists' or 'racists'. In my country, the Netherlands , 60 percent of the population now sees the mass immigration of Muslims as the number one policy mistake since World War II. And another 60 percent sees Islam as the biggest threat. Yet there is a danger greater danger than terrorist attacks, the scenario of America as the last man standing. The lights may go out in Europe faster than you can imagine. An Islamic Europe means a Europe without freedom and democracy, an economic wasteland, an intellectual nightmare, and a loss of military might for America - as its allies will turn into enemies, enemies with atomic bombs. With an Islamic Europe, it would be up to America alone to preserve the heritage of Rome , Athens and Jerusalem .
Dear friends, liberty is the most precious of gifts. My generation never had to fight for this freedom; it was offered to us on a silver platter, by people who fought for it with their lives. All throughout Europe , American cemeteries remind us of the young boys who never made it home, and whose memory we cherish. My generation does not own this freedom; we are merely its custodians. We can only hand over this hard won liberty to Europe's children in the same state in which it was offered to us. We cannot strike a deal with mullahs and imams. Future generations would never forgive us. We cannot squander our liberties. We simply do not have the right to do so.
We have to take the necessary action now to stop this Islamic stupidity from destroying the free world that we know.
Please take the time to read and understand what is written here, Please send it to every free person that you know; it is so very important.
Have a wonderful Shabbos, Rachamim Pauli