Thursday, January 24, 2013

Parsha Bo part 2, Parsha Beshallach, stories and elections

Parsha Bo part 2

12:12 For I will go through the land of Egypt in that night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.

I will pass: like a king who passes from place to place, and with one passing and in one moment they are all smitten. — [from Mechilta] every firstborn in the land of Egypt: Even other firstborn who are in Egypt [will die]. Now how do we know that even the firstborn of the Egyptians who are in other places [will die]? Therefore, Scripture states: “To Him Who smote the Egyptians with their firstborn” (Ps. 136:10). — [from Mechilta] both man and beast: [I.e., first man and then beast.] He who started to sin first from him the retribution starts. — [from Mechilta]  and upon all the gods of Egypt-: The one made of wood will rot, and the one made of metal will melt and flow to the ground. — [from Mechilta] will I wreak judgments-I The Lord: I by Myself and not through a messenger. — [from Passover Haggadah]

Why man and beast – I wonder if they did not threaten the Jews with dogs and have like gladiator battles before Pharaoh. The retribution on the first born, Pharaoh was warned that Israel is HASHEM’s first born son and it naturally follows that false gods are destroyed. Plural Judgements is used because of man, animals and gods.

13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

The blood of the sacrifice will prevent your blood – so we learn that a Korban is in place of us or at least a thanksgiving for getting through a danger. The blood on the doorposts was only for Mitzrayim and not for all generations. Nowadays we have a Mezuzah with the name Shin-Dalet-Yud on the outside and the Shema on the inside which is quite a strong protection of the individuals of the household.

14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance forever.

The evening and day of Pessach is perhaps the most ingrained holiday of the Jewish People. 87% of the Israelis or more have a Seder. Even a place like Kibbutz Rupin has a Seder for it is the symbol of freedom of the people not only from oppression but the start of the people as a nation.

15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; howbeit the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses; for whosoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

Kibbutz Einat has a very tasty bread and Challah Bakery and they wanted to be of the highest Kashrus to sell to the town of Petach Tikva. They are a Mapam aka Mertz Kibbutz of the far left and were anti-observant but they needed the business of Petach Tikva, Rosh HaAyin and vicinity and lo and behold they sold their Chametz for Pessach and the only bread one can obtain on Pessach is from an near-by Arab town. The Bakery was perhaps the first step in Ahavas Yisrael between the Ultra-Orthodox Jews and the anti-religious Kibbutz movement. 

16 And in the first day there shall be to you a holy convocation, and in the seventh day a holy convocation; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done by you.

Unlike Sukkos where Shemini Atzeres is a separate holiday which concludes Sukkos; Pessach has a Yom Tov but it is not the Atzeres. The Atzeres falls 50 days later on Chag HaShavuos. [It will only be in Parsha Emor that we are commanded to observe the Omer and it is logical there for it is directing us on the Mitzva of entering Eretz Yisrael and here only what we are to do in leaving Mitzrayim and observance/commemoration for all generations.] 

17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore shall ye observe this day throughout your generations by an ordinance forever. 18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

I cannot think of every negative command where it is gets a positive one in return but here it is simple no-leavened and yes unleavened. Perhaps no Melacha and yes observe Shabbos, adultery is forbidden but one can take a wife and fulfill the Mitzva of be fruitful and multiply and I could go on and on.

19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses; for whosoever eats that which is leavened, that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a sojourner, or one that is born in the land.

That soul shall be cut off from the people is a grievous sin. It is mentioned here with violation of leaven on Pessach, profaning the Shabbos, lusting in Adultery or during the Niddah phase of marriage, idolatry and other forbidden unions. We learn from the secrets of the Kabbala the following information: Sometimes people have so many merits that they do live a long life outside of this behavior defect but after 120 years or less they get judged. The soul is then sent to Kaf Keller prior to Gehennom as it has to be re-educated prior to purification. Kaf Keller can be for hundreds of our years and then judgement. Only the worst like Pharaoh, Nazis, Stalin, etc. are suspended until the finally judgement. So for a few minutes on ones lips or other pleasures in this world one gets long punishment melted out in the next world and what portion will they get with the Bnei Yisrael in the next? Will they be able to see an ordinary Jew but not a Tzaddik – this I do not know? [All the Kares that I have spoken about is either man vs. HASHEM or two consulting adults like Lev. 18:22, 20:10 but the murder the punishment is even greater.]

20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.'

Even during the Shoah and in Stalin’s camps Jews tried to bargain to get flour to make Matzos. Others were allowed to eat leaven for Pekuach Nefesh. {I will add that a person born among the Goyim or on a very anti-religious Kibbutz, to a Communist Family, etc. if they grew up this way they are considered a Tinuk that was captured by non-Jews and do not have their souls cut off.}

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them: 'Draw out, and take you lambs according to your families, and kill the passover lamb. 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.

Hyssop or אֵזוֹב which we know as Origanum syriacum Marjoram is in modern Arabic and Hebrew Zartar. It usually is a small plant but in my garden I have let it grown to a length of about half a meter and these branches are used.

23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

Will pass over: Heb. וּפָסַח, and He will have pity. This may also be rendered: and He will skip over. See Rashi on verses 11 and 13. and He will not permit the destroyer: Heb. וְלֹא יִךְתֵּן, lit., and will not give. [I.e.,] He will not grant him the ability to enter, as in “but God did not permit him (נְתָנוֹ) to harm me” (Gen. 31:7).

Who is the destroyer – he could be the Angel Gavriel as in Yechezkel with the destruction of Yerushalayim but there Gavriel also put a Tav with ink on who will live. Or perhaps here it was Samael aka HaSatan who did HASHEM’s bidding.

24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons forever.

Whether in Eretz Yisrael or in a foreign land all of the Bnei Yisrael are required to observe Pessach.  

25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as He hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you: What mean ye by this service? 27 that ye shall say: It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, for that He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.' And the people bowed the head and worshipped. 28 And the children of Israel went and did so; as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. 

So the children of Israel went and did: Now did they already do [it]? Wasn’t this said to them on Rosh Chodesh? But since they accepted upon themselves [to do it], Scripture credits them for it as if they had [already] done [it]. — [from Mechilta] went and did: Scripture counts also the going, to give reward for the going and reward for the deed. — [from Mechilta] as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron: [This comes] to tell Israel’s praise, that they did not omit anything of all the commandments of Moses and Aaron. And what is the meaning of “so they did” ? Moses and Aaron also did so. — [from Mechilta]

29 And it came to pass at midnight, that the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle.

And the Lord: Heb. וַה. Wherever it says, “and the Lord,” it means “He and His tribunal” (Exod. Rabbah 12:4), for the “vav” is an expression of addition, like “so-and-so and (“vav” ) so-and-so.” smote every firstborn: Even [a firstborn] of another nation who was in Egypt. — [from Mechilta] from the firstborn of Pharaoh: Pharaoh, too, was a firstborn, but he remained [alive] of the firstborn. Concerning him, He [God] says: “But, for this [reason] I have allowed you to stand, in order to show you My strength” (Exod. 9:16) at the Red Sea. — [from Mechilta] to the firstborn of the captive: Because they rejoiced at Israel’s misfortune (Tanchuma 7), and furthermore, so that they would not say, “Our deity brought about this retribution” (Mechilta). The firstborn of the slave woman was included, because [Scripture] counts from the most esteemed to the lowest, and the firstborn of the slave woman is more esteemed than the firstborn of the captive. See commentary on Exodus 11:5.

30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

And Pharaoh arose: from his bed. at night: Unlike the custom of kings, [who rise] three hours after daybreak. — [from Mechilta] he: [arose] first, and afterwards his servants. This teaches us that he went around to his servants’ houses and woke them up. — [from Mechilta] for there was no house in which no one was dead: If there was a firstborn, he was dead. If there was no firstborn, the oldest household member was called the firstborn, as it is said: “I, too, shall make him [David] a firstborn” (Ps. 89:28) (Tanchuma Buber 19). [Rashi explains there: I shall make him great.] Another explanation: Some Egyptian women were unfaithful to their husbands and bore children from bachelors. Thus they would have many firstborn; sometimes one woman would have five, each one the firstborn of his father (Mechilta 13:33).

31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night and said: 'Rise up, get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said.

So he called for Moses and Aaron at night: [This] tells [us] that Pharaoh went around to the entrances [i.e., to the doors of the houses] of the city, and cried out, “Where is Moses staying? Where is Aaron staying?” -[from Mechilta] both you: the men. as well as the children of Israel: The young children. And go, worship the Lord as you have spoken: Everything is as you said, not as I said. “Neither will I let Israel out” (Exod. 5:2) is nullified. “Who and who are going?” (Exod. 10:8) is nullified. “But your flocks and your cattle shall be left” (Exod. 10:24) is nullified. [Instead,] take also your flocks and also your cattle. What is [the meaning of] “as you have spoken”? You too shall give into our hands sacrifices and burnt offerings (Exod. 10:25). — [from Mechilta]

32 Take both your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.'

Take… as you have spoken… but you shall also bless me: [I.e.,] pray for me that I shall not die, for I am a firstborn. — [from Onkelos]

The Medrash says that when he died he was set at the entrance to Gehennom/Limbo and speaks to the wicked: “Why did you not learn from me?”

33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, to send them out of the land in haste; for they said: 'We are all dead men.'

We are all dead: They said, “This is not in accordance with Moses’ decree, for he said, ‘And every firstborn in the land of Egypt will die’ (Exod. 11:5), but here, the ordinary people too are dead, five or ten in one house.” -[from Mechilta] See Rashi on verse 30.

34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they asked of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment.

The Egyptians at this point were willing to do anything to calm down the wrath of HASHEM.

36 And the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. And they despoiled the Egyptians.
37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children. 38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

This mixed multitude would cause a lot of problems in the future.

39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. 40 Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. 41 And it came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the host of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It was a night of watching unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt; this same night is a night of watching unto the LORD for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.

We see all sorts of numbers: 430 = from the Bris between the pieces of the Korban, 400 = from the birth of Yitzchak and 210 = from the time Yacov and family entered Egypt (Yitzchak was 60 when Yacov was born and Yacov was 130 when he went before Pharaoh or 190 years from 400 leaves 210) and finally 80 years from the birth of Moshe was the time that slavery started because of the astrologers.

43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron: 'This is the ordinance of the Passover: there shall no alien eat thereof;

Once an old Rabbi was in Bavel and could not due to his age make the trip to Yerushalayim for Pessach. A certain Gentile would brag how he went to the holidays of all the gods and the Korban Pessach. He told the Gentile next time to request the tail fat of the Korban (which is forbidden). The Rabbis made an inquiry and he was taken care of on the spot by the people for being a non-Jew who had eaten from our feast where Aliens were forbidden.

44 but every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

A Gentile Slave could eat and a Ger Tzeddek for he/she is now a Jew in every way but not a Ger Toshav cannot eat.

45 A sojourner and a hired servant shall not eat thereof. 46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth aught of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof. 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land; but no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. 49 One law shall be to him that is home born, and unto the stranger that sojourns among you.' 50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

51 And it came to pass the selfsame day that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts. 13:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Sanctify unto Me all the first-born, whatsoever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast, it is Mine.' 3 And Moses said unto the people: 'Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place; there shall no leavened bread be eaten. … 12 that thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that opens the womb; every firstling that is a male, which thou hast coming of a beast, shall be the LORD'S. 13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break its neck; and all the first-born of man among thy sons shalt thou redeem. 14 And it shall be when thy son asks thee in time to come, saying: What is this? that thou shalt say unto him: By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage; 15 and it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the first-born of man, and the first-born of beast; therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that opens the womb, being males; but all the first-born of my sons I redeem. 16 And it shall be for a sign upon thy hand, and for frontlets between your eyes; for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.'

Parsha Beshallach

 This Parsha starts also with Vayehi and I mentioned trouble. What trouble – being pinned down at Yam Suf or the lack of water Bamidbar or the conflict with Amalek.

13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said: 'Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt.'

It came to pass when Pharaoh let…that God did not lead them: Heb. וְלֹא-נָחָם, and did not lead them, similar to “Go, lead (נְחֵה) the people” (Exod. 32:34) [and] “When you walk, it shall lead (תִּנְחֶה) you” (Prov. 6:22). for it was near: and it was easy to return by that road to Egypt. There are also many aggadic midrashim [regarding this]. when they see war: For instance, the war of “And the Amalekites and the Canaanites descended, etc.” (Num. 14:45). If they had gone on a direct route, they would have returned. Now, if when He led them around in a circuitous route, they said, “Let us appoint a leader and return to Egypt” (Num. 14:4), how much more [would they have planned to do this] if He had led them on a direct route? [According to the sequence of the verse, the headings appear to be transposed. See Mizrachi, Gur Aryeh, and Minchath Yehudah for a correct solution of this problem.] Lest…reconsider: They will have [second] thoughts about [the fact] that they left Egypt and they will think about returning.

I grew up in my early years as basically the only Jew on the block sure there was a friend of mine who was Jewish but his father was a non-Jew and was all-American over six foot tall so he got respect. My mentality was from a father who had escaped the Nazis put me into this type of loop. I was beat up and picked on by the other kids when they had nothing better to do. I could not fight those numbers but would have to take my lumps or run. When you develop a slave mentality or a fleeing mentality it is hard to stand your ground. It was only in College when I confronted communist, socialists, anarchists in my classes and in demonstrations who were Jews that I felt a bit braver. You can imagine a group of people who were slaves for at least a few generations. All your life whipped by the rulers and Kapos of their day afraid to get out of line and be whipped perhaps to death or murdered in a quicker fashion. You would not last in a war situation and would flee. Had it not been from an incident where I stood up for my rights against people with guns, bats and knives I might have been a coward to this day. Perhaps we were a Minyan of Jews against 60 violent individuals but I was not alone and although afraid I felt stronger. It was enough to make me realize that I would be better off defending Eretz Yisrael than a place in Gallus. 

18 But God led the people about, by the way of the wilderness by the Red Sea; and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt.

A double confusion arises here. Yam Suf in Hebrew means the sea of reeds which implies a lot of either reeds or sea weed. We have to remember that in the year 2448 the sea levels were lower and the planet was warming up from a great ice age. When I displayed the link to film with the Chariot Wheels in the floor of the Red Sea which is also called Yam Suf in Modern Hebrew.  The area of Nuweiba with the relatively shallow water minus the current sea level to that of  a sea level of 3300 years ago would only need a touch from HASHEM to make an earthquake or storm that would change the water for the night of the crossing. For otherwise why is there a column on the Saudi Side that states that Moshe crossed the sea there? The same group of religious observers who attacked Rachel’s Tomb last week and burnt the interior of Yosef’s Tomb Rosh Hashanah 5761 and another time would not leave it there if it was not that Mohammed liked Moshe.

And the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt – see my editorial on the Israeli Elections below.

19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him; for he had straightly sworn the children of Israel, saying: 'God will surely remember you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.'

for he had adjured: Heb. הִֹשְבִּיעַ הַֹשְבֵּעַ. [The double expression indicates that] he [Joseph] had made them [his brothers] swear that they would make their children swear (Mechilta). Now why did he not make his sons swear to carry him to the land of Canaan immediately [when he died], as Jacob had made [him] swear? Joseph said, “I was a ruler in Egypt, and I had the ability to do [this]. As for my sons-the Egyptians will not let them do [it].” Therefore, he made them swear that when they would be redeemed and would leave there [Egypt], they would carry him [out]. — [from Mechilta] and you shall bring up my bones from here with you: He made his brothers swear in this manner. We learn [from this] that the bones of all [the progenitors of] the tribes they brought up [out of Egypt] with them as it is said “with you” -[from Mechilta]

An ordinary promise should be kept all the more so a vow.

20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. 21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; that they might go by day and by night: 22 the pillar of cloud by day, and the pillar of fire by night, departed not from before the people

The Bnei Yisrael get guidance this way but so does Pharaoh for the Amud HaAish lights up Pharaoh’s way at night too.

14:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn back and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon, over against it shall ye encamp by the sea. 3 And Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel: They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. 4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he shall follow after them; and I will get Me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD.' And they did so.

HASHEM will take care of Pharaoh and his army once and for all and that will be the end of the story. The Bnei Yisrael will finally be able to erase all fears of Pharaoh from their memories.

5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people were fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned towards the people, and they said: 'What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us? 6 And he made ready his chariots, and took his people with him. 7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Pharaoh is mounting a war with 600 equivalents of tanks. However, if it were not scared slaves fleeing Pharaoh but soldiers the logic would be 1000 men per chariot. It might cost us a few losses but eventually we will overcome them. However, former slaves will not think this way and flees.

8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel; for the children of Israel went out with a high hand. 9 And the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon. 10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians were marching after them; and they were sore afraid; and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD. 11 And they said unto Moses: 'Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to bring us forth out of Egypt?

We have gotten used to in modern times over 1,000,000 Egyptians under arms with more cannons and tanks vs. about 100,000 plus Israelis and now the reverse is true about 500 to 1 in favor of Israel.

12 Is not this the word that we spoke unto thee in Egypt, saying: Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it were better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.' 13 And Moses said unto the people: 'Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will work for you to-day; for whereas ye have seen the Egyptians to-day, ye shall see them again no more forever. 14 The LORD will fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.'

Miraculously the Egyptian threat is going to end.

15 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Wherefore are you crying unto Me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward. 16 And lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thy hand over the sea, and divide it; and the children of Israel shall go into the midst of the sea on dry ground. 17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them; and I will get Me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. 18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten Me honor upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.' 19 And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them; 20 and it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness here, yet gave it light by night there; and the one came not near the other all the night.

If I was an Egyptian, I would be scared out of my wits it is not a war with a regular man. But then again Pharaoh claimed divinity.

21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all the night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

Did the wind chill factor cause the sea to freeze on the right and on the left and the ground to be dry and hard for the night? Again a natural event at the right time and place which occurred once in history at the right time and place!

23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 24 And it came to pass in the morning watch, that the LORD looked forth upon the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and discomfited the host of the Egyptians. 25 And He took off their chariot wheels, and made them to drive heavily; so that the Egyptians said: 'Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians.'

Good Morning now you realize this after 10 plagues!

15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spoke, saying: I will sing unto the LORD, for He is highly exalted; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. 2 The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation; this is my God, and I will glorify Him; my father's God, and I will exalt Him. 3 The LORD is a man of war, The LORD is His name. 4 Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath He cast into the sea, and his chosen captains are sunk in the Red Sea. 5 The deeps cover them--they went down into the depths like a stone. 6 Thy right hand, O LORD, glorious in power, Thy right hand, O LORD, dashes in pieces the enemy. 7 And in the greatness of YOUR excellency You overthrow them that rise up against Thee; You send forth Thy wrath, it consumes them as stubble. 8 And with the blast of Thy nostrils the waters were piled up--the floods stood upright as a heap; the deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea. 9 The enemy said: 'I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.' 10 Thou didst blow with Thy wind, the sea covered them; they sank as lead in the mighty waters. 11 Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, among the mighty? who is like unto Thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? 12 Thou stretched out Thy right hand--the earth swallowed them. 13 Thou in Thy love hast led the people that Thou hast redeemed; Thou hast guided them in Thy strength to Thy holy habitation. 14 The peoples have heard, they tremble; pangs have taken hold on the inhabitants of Philistia. 15 Then were the chiefs of ETdom affrighted; the mighty men of Moab, trembling taketh hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away. 16 Terror and dread falls upon them; by the greatness of YOUR arm they are as still as a stone; till Thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over that Thou hast gotten. 17 Thou bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of YOUR inheritance, the place, O LORD, which Thou hast made for Thee to dwell in, the sanctuary, O Lord, which Thy hands have established. 18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever. 19 For the horses of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought back the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel walked on dry land in the midst of the sea.

This is the famed song by the sea that we pray every morning.

20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 21 And Miriam sang unto them: Sing ye to the LORD, for He is highly exalted: the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. 22 And Moses led Israel onward from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. 23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter. Therefore the name of it was called Marah. 24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying: 'What shall we drink?'

This is test number one of the ten mentioned in Perkei Avos.

25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD showed him a tree, and he cast it into the waters, and the waters were made sweet. There He made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there He proved them; 26 and He said: 'If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in His eyes, and wilt give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases upon thee, which I have put upon the Egyptians; for I am the LORD that heals thee.' 27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve springs of water, and three score and ten palm-trees; and they encamped there by the waters. 16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

Ah here there is fortunately no problem with the water but wait test number two.

2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness; 3 and the children of Israel said unto them: 'Would that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh-pots, when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.' Then said the LORD unto Moses: 'Behold, I will cause to rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law, or not. 5 And it shall come to pass on the sixth day that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.' 6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel: 'At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt; 7 and in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that He hath heard your murmurings against the LORD; and what are we, that ye murmur against us?' 8 And Moses said: 'This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD hears your murmurings which ye murmur against Him; and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.' 9 And Moses said unto Aaron: 'Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel: Come near before the LORD; for He hath heard your murmurings.' 10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spoke unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.

Why did they have to murmur and rebel instead of praying? And the flesh was test number three.

11 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 12 'I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel. Speak unto them, saying: At dusk ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.' 13 And it came to pass at even, that the quails came up, and covered the camp; and in the morning there was a layer of dew round about the camp. 14 And when the layer of dew was gone up, behold upon the face of the wilderness a fine, scale-like thing, fine as the hoar-frost on the ground. 15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another: 'What is it?'--for they knew not what it was. And Moses said unto them: 'It is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. 16 This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded: Gather ye of it every man according to his eating; an omer a head, according to the number of your persons, shall ye take it, every man for them that are in his tent.' 17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered some more, some less. 18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. 19 And Moses said unto them: 'Let no man leave of it till the morning.' 20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and rotted; and Moses was wroth with them. 21 And they gathered it morning by morning, every man according to his eating; and as the sun waxed hot, it melted. 22 And it came to pass that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one; and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23 And he said unto them: 'This is that which the LORD hath spoken: To-morrow is a solemn rest, a holy sabbath unto the LORD. Bake that which ye will bake, and seethe that which ye will seethe; and all that remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.' 24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade; and it did not rot, neither was there any worm therein. 25 And Moses said: 'Eat that to-day; for to-day is a sabbath unto the LORD; to-day ye shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.' 27 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that there went out some of the people to gather, and they found none.

Now we have the sanctification of Shabbos from the week days.

28 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'How long refuse ye to keep My commandments and My laws? 29 See that the LORD hath given you the sabbath; therefore He giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.' 30 So the people rested on the seventh day. 31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna; and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. 32 And Moses said: 'This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded: Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.' 33 And Moses said unto Aaron: 'Take a jar, and put an omerful of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept throughout your generations.' 34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 And the children of Israel did eat the manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat the manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.

Even though this is before the 10 sayings, the Shabbos was observed!

17:1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, by their stages, according to the commandment of the LORD, and encamped in Rephidim; and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Wherefore the people strove with Moses, and said: 'Give us water that we may drink.' And Moses said unto them: 'Why strive ye with me? wherefore do ye try the LORD?'

Test number four.

3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said: 'Wherefore hast thou brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?' 4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying: 'What shall I do unto this people? they are almost ready to stone me.' 5 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Pass on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smote the river, take in thy hand, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink.' And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 7 And the name of the place was called Massah, and Meribah, because of the striving of the children of Israel, and because they tried the LORD, saying: 'Is the LORD among us, or not?'

After they became weak in faith came Amalek.

8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 9 And Moses said unto Joshua: 'Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek; tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand.' 10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. 13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword. 14 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Write this for a memorial in the book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.' 15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Adonai-nissi. 16 And he said: 'The hand upon the throne of the LORD: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.'

A Kabbalistic Tu BeShevat Seder:

Lance Armstrong’s Morality Play Ultimately falsehood self-destructs. By Rabbi Emanuel Feldman

Lance Armstrong’s confession is a shock to our humanity system. The seven- time winner of the prestigious Tour de France, and one of this era’s most admired athletes, has all along been using illegal Performance Enhancing Drugs in the most sophisticated doping scheme in sports history, all the while indignantly proclaiming his honesty and integrity.
How can a human being do such a thing? It was not so much the doping – bad enough – that wounded us; it was the ongoing, passionate declarations of aggrieved innocence that betrayed us and played us for fools.
It was a form of moral violence committed against millions of people who trusted him. Though he did not attack us with guns and bullets, it was traumatic nevertheless, for this was a spiritual assault on our ability to trust in other human beings. He gave new meaning to the concept of hypocrisy, and thus affronted our innate sense of truth and integrity.
A society cannot long exist without this sense of trust in one another, without some standards of truth. No amount of legislation can help against such onslaughts. Note well the words of the Sages that one of the three pillars on which the world exists in the pillar of emet, Truth (Avot I:18).
A violation like this forces us to ask ourselves: who are we really? Are we inherently evil, or are we angels? Jewish tradition says that we are an amalgam of both. We can climb as high as the heavens or we can sink lower than the beast. We can choose life and contentment for ourselves and for others, or we can choose misery and virtual death for ourselves and for those around us. This is what the Torah in Deut.30:19 means when it tells us that God places before us both life and death, and urges us to “choose life.”
There are certain bedrock elements of human life that we violate only at our peril — not as a punishment for misdeeds, but because they are built into the fabric of the universe. Just as a tall building with a faulty foundation will eventually cave in under its own weight, so also a life — or a society, or a nation — built on shoddy moral foundations will ultimately disintegrate. Truth and integrity are the bedrock elements without which life collapses. Falsehood bears within it the seeds of its own inevitable destruction. Deprived of the bedrock, disintegration is inescapable. This explains why the three-letter Hebrew word for truth, emet, is mentioned almost 150 times in the Bible, and why this word is inscribed on God’s seal (Talmud, Shabbat 55a). The disgraced lives of so many people in public life – climaxed now by Armstrong’s self-inflicted humiliation — are cautionary tales about living without the undergirding of truth.

Anatomy of a Lie

Armstrong is a one-man morality play, a study in the anatomy of a lie. All lies start out as babies. In this case, one can speculate that perhaps the first time he used PED was because he had recently recovered from his dread illness and needed some assistance. It worked its magic, so he did it again – and again and again. The baby lie grew up, matured, and developed into bolder falsehoods involving many other people. Then he had to cover up his lie which, given his intelligence and his clean reputation, was so easy to do that he kept doing it and kept re-inventing himself. Ultimately he surely began to believe that his deceitfulness and duplicity were the truth, and that those who challenged his lies with truth were themselves liars. He even sued in court and won cases against those who challenged his honesty.
Lying to others is one thing; the Armstrong lesson is that lying to one’s own self is much easier and much more insidious. In interpersonal relationships, in friendships, in marriages, in commerce, in social life, baby lies tend to mature and to envelope the liar in their own webs. This is why the Torah in Exodus 23:14 does not simply say, “Do not lie, “ but instead says, Midvar sheker tirchak – ”Distance yourself from falsehood,” warning us not only not to violate this sin, but to keep away from it as we would from a pestilence — whether against others or one’s own self.
Can Armstrong be forgiven and redeemed? The Talmud states: “Whoever transgresses and is embarrassed by it, all his sins are forgiven” (Berachot 12b). This is because to admit one’s sins is one of the most difficult things for a person to do. He confessed in public before millions of viewers — which is appropriate, having lied to millions of fans over the years. Nothing stands in the face of true repentance, and only time will tell if his repentance is genuine. One hopes that it is not a ploy, as some are suggesting, getting his penalties reduced in order to compete once again. Given his past performance – and “performance” is the precise word – one can be forgiven for being a bit skeptical , especially since his confession came only after there was overwhelming evidence against him..
L’affaire Armstrong underscores the comment of the Sages: sheker ein lah raglayim – “falsehood has no leg to stand on.” Note that the Hebrew word for falsehood, sheker, has a shin, a kof and a reish. In the normative Ashkenazic script, each of these three letters has only one leg, and thus cannot stand on its own. But in the word for truth, emet, each of its three letters aleph, mem, tof, has two solid legs. God is the God of Truth, Emet, the Torah is Torat Emet, a Torah of Truth, and neither can abide deviations from Truth. Though falsehood seems to fly high for a while, that is only temporary. Ultimately it self-destructs because by definition it is anti-God and has no leg to stand on.

Am I sorry with the Israeli Elections Result?  - Yes and no!

Benyamin Netanyahu has basically been running a left – center agenda for years. He has let Ehud Barak do his dirty work of removing settlers from the heart of Eretz Yisrael. I am happy that he got his wings clipped for he was getting to brazen. I was furious that he goes and spits in the face of the world with his big mouth about building in E1 and then recants infuriating the Jews. Why can’t he put a stopper on his mouth? First put his brain in gear then build. Then when the world goes quack – quack at it you announce it is part of the capitol of my country. I do not like people who are all talk and no do. Perkei Avos calls them students of Bilaam and not of Avraham Avinu. A Tzaddik does and then perhaps talks with the exception of Moshe who announced the plagues for it was HASHEM who did them and he was just the messenger. For the first five Pharaoh had the right to repent but for the second five Moshe got more specific.

I am not disappointed if the government will find a solution to those who sit and vegetate in Yeshivos and Kollelim instead of learning and teaching. These people should be out earning if they are not learning. I sent an article in Hebrew about my cousin who knows six languages. At the age of 15 he substituted for the local Rabbi and filled in at another Congregation. He was teaching Torah. I recently got his transposition of Rabbi Sabato’s Drasha in English, Hebrew and French from him. He is now learning twelve hours a day with tests for a few years to enable him to take over a Congregation somewhere where either, French, English, Hebrew or German is spoken his other languages are ancient Greek and Latin which are not really practically in use by Jews. He was also acting as a kosher liaison and paramedic in the Israeli Army.

Yair Lapid has offered the Yeshiva Boys 5 years of study and then either the army or national service. Only the top notch fellows will remain with the Rabbinical Exemption. It did not bother my son, cousin and even I preferred being a paramedic on border patrol than a Kashrus Inspector in a kitchen in the center of the country. It is all a matter of conscience. I can at least look wounded warriors in the eye for I did what they perhaps did or close to it but I was lucky. My son had a cinder block thrown at his head in Gaza. Service is not a picnic and perhaps losing Torah Time but when we read: 13:18 and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt. There is no mention that Moshe, Aaron and the Bnei Yisrael were wasting Torah Time walking and carrying arms. I had to kick out of my Kollel people who were not serious and others who were serious left for they were non-Dayan Kollel. I too have been missing in action from my Kollel helping people with their problems or aiding them to Orthodoxy and this Drasha is read weekly by between one and two thousand people so the public comes before the individual which is me in this case. I have been at times playing the Daf Yomi in the background to get in a little learning for myself why working on copying and pasting the Rashi or Scripture.

Other social reforms are needed but I just hope that this time Netanyahu will make some cuts rather than burdening the poor and middle classes and families with many children. What is perhaps sad from the election is good people like Rabbi Absalom and Rabbi Amnon Yitzchak took at least 2 or 3 mandates away from Shass and close to two mandates were lost with the further right party losing by 9,000 votes. It has been in the past 3 Knesset Elections that the nation voted for the right but they got the action and policy of the left. It is time to put a person true to his principles in power in the future.

Just like some of the Egyptians recognized the G-D of Yisrael so do to our day many Goyim:

Why a lot of immigrants don’t make it in Israel (while a lot of Americans either work at home or commute to the States each month as a Dr. or Lawyer),7340,L-4334357,00.html

Gilad Shalit gradually returns to what can be called a normal life.,7340,L-4334874,00.html

Russo retires after 35 years and not getting deputy Chief of Staff:

Bibi shot his natural coalition in the foot.

Israeli Election Results note mixed up words: תוצאות האמת של הבחירות לכנסת ה-19, בהתאם לקלפיות שנספרו עד כה

תוצאות ארציות

תוצאות נכונות ל‏- 24/01/2013 14:09 לחתך הארצי
סה"כ בעלי זכות בחירה
סה"כ מצביעים
שיעור הצבעה של הקולות שנספרו
סה"כ הקולות הכשרים
סה"כ הקולות הפסולים
שם הרשימה
אותיות הרשימה
אחוז קולות הרשימה
מסה"כ הקולות הכשרים
מספר הקולות הכשרים לרשימה

הליכוד - ישראל ביתנו
יש עתיד
הבית היהודי
יהדות התורה
הרשימה הערבית המאוחדת
עוצמה לישראל
עם שלם
עלה ירוק
כח להשפיע
ארץ חדשה
הירוקים והצעירים
דור בוני הארץ
חיים בכבוד
אחים אנחנו
צדק חברתי
כולנו חברים
מתקדמת ליברלית
ברית עולם
אלאמל לתג'ייר - התקווה לשינוי
מורשת אבות

Inyanay Diyoma

What happens if we give away for nothing Yehuda and Shomron:

Bibi is more of a socialist says business man

Arabs are requested to boycott this Israeli development:

An unknown and pretty anti-religious Party takes second place in the Israeli Elections:

Preliminary Elections results that probably will change with one less Arab member and perhaps Bennet or Lapid will gain one more seat. One party took two seats away from the Jewish Home and one or two parties two seats from Shass.

Now for M. Wolfberg’s Good Shabbos Story “Bow Tie”

  Good Shabbos EveryoneIn this week’s Torah portion Bo, Hashem commands us regarding the mitzvah of tefillin. As the Torah tells us, the tefillin “shall be for you a sign on your arm and a reminder between your eyes - so that Hashem’s Torah may be in your mouth – for with a strong hand Hashem removed you from Egypt.” (Exodus - Shemos 13:9) The Sages teach us that “Man always needs a sign of his bond with G-d. Shabbos itself is such a sign, but on weekdays, the sign is tefillin.” (Eruvin 96a)   
        We began reading last week about the Reb Yitzchok Zilber who managed to smuggle Tefillin into a labor camp in Russian, where he put on Tefillin secretly under the threat of death.  Every Jewish male reading these words must ask himself:  How much do I appreciate the opportunity to put on Tefillin every day?   We now conclude last week's inspiring story...
         ...One day, all of the inmates were summoned to the dining hall for an emergency meeting. The tables were filling up quickly, and at the front of the room, sitting alone at a long table, was the camp commander. The room, although filled to capacity, was dead silent.  
        The men looked tensely at the floor, at the ceiling, at each other. No one wanted to meet the commander's eyes, for it could never be good to be noticed.  
        "Yitzchok Zilber, come to the front," the commander's somber voice announced.
Reb Yitzchok sat frozen in place. He could not imagine what he had done to draw this terrifying attention to himself. One of the camp officers rose to his feet and delivered the withering accusation. "Everyone is this camp is treated equally," he proclaimed. "We all work as hard as we can for our country. We all share in a common goal. However, you ..." and the officer pointed a finger at the rabbi, "think you are different. You think we are fools, and that we don't know that you never work on Saturdays. You are a lazy traitor!"  
        The word caught like a wildfire. The inmates began chanting "Traitor, traitor," and threatening to kill the man who dared beat the system. 
        Reb Yitzchok feared that the enraged mob of inmates would get him before the authorities even had their chance. Either way, it was in Hashem's hands; he whispered a prayer. A small commotion broke out in the crowd as two big Ukrainians inmates rose from their seats. 
        These two were known as hard-core anti-Semites, but it wasn't only the Jews who needed to fear them. They were tough, sadistic men whose eyes seemed more animal than human. "Listen, everyone!" they shouted. "No one had better dare to touch the Kaziner (the name by which Reb Yitzchok was known in camp). If they do, then we will kill them. Do you hear me? We are here for life, so trust me when I say this. I have nothing to lose. 
        "I have been in this camp for 15 years and there has never been enough water to drink. But ever since the Kaziner has come, we have had enough water." Their point made, the men sat down. Reb Yitzchok sat in his seat in shock; the most unexpected of saviors had come to his rescue. The inmates, including Reb Yitzchok, were all dismissed. 
        Reb Yitzchok spent many long, hard years in that camp. One day, he was informed that he would be transferred to a new location. The news was unwelcome, for although life was extremely difficult where he was, he had succeeded in obtaining what he considered the necessities of life. Nevertheless, he was given no choice, and he would have to go where they took him. 
        As the inmates stood in line to leave, each was told to empty his belongings onto the snow. There, the guards would inspect the items, searching for contraband and valuables. Reb Yitzchok knew that if they found his religious articles, he would be shot right there. He had hidden them under a plate, spoon and cup that he had taken with him to avoid eating from the camp's treife dishes. 
        However, if the guard chose to make a more aggressive search, the tefillin and sefarim would easily be found. Fortunately, the guard found the tableware enough of a subject of mockery that he not longer feel the urge to look further. "Look!" he shouted to his fellow guard. "Our plates aren't good enough for the Rabbi! He came with his own!" His taunting smile turned to a ferocious scowl as he slammed the suitcase shut. He lifted it up high and brought it crashing down on Reb Yitzchok's head.
"Here's your plate and spoon. Get out of here!" he sneered, and walked on to the next inmate.  
        Reb Yitzchok's head was stinging from the blow, but his heart was laughing. He thanked Hashem for saving him once again. It seemed certain that just as he would never give up on Hashem, Hashem would never give up on Reb Yitzchok, either.  Eventually Reb Yitzchok merited living in Eretz Yisroel where he founded the organization Toldos Yeshurin which helps to educate Russian Jews.
  Good Shabbos Everyone.
M. Wolfberg and not my Drasha is Sponspored by Ezra Solomon on behalf of the Solomon and Freidman families lzecher nishmas their father and grandfather R Moshe Ben R Tzvi ZT"L whose yarzeit falls on out on this Shabbos. In memory of R' Yaakov ben Naftoly, of blessed memory, In Memory of Reb Yitzchok ben Reb Shimon (Friedman) of blessed memory, In Memory of Tziporah Yita bas Mordechai Mendel Refuah Shleima to Reb Mordechai Menachem Mendel ben Tziporah Yitta Refuah Shleima to Tsviah bas Bracha Leah

Have a good Shabbos and be well,
Rachamim Pauli