Friday, February 21, 2014

Parsha Vayekhel, different types of stories

A good Joke for the quote of the week: “Stay well, and remember "A balanced diet is a donut in each hand" US Army Major Young

This prayer request hopefully will be for only a few weeks. Geula Bat Chasa Leah

Sometimes there is an indication from heaven early. During the last few weeks I was having trouble making the healing pray for Shai Shalom ben Leah Chaya on my list the true Judge took back his soul this week.

Parsha Vayekhel

We are finished with the theory and as we say in Hebrew time to get down to Tachles or the practical side of building the Mishkan. Reminder the Keres = Unicorn = Tachash = Giraffe is not as mistranslated ‘sealskins’.

The timing of our Pasha: Moshe has just come down from Har Sinai and destroyed the Egel HaZahav. The Leviim have killed off the 3000 perpetrators of the strange and forbidden worship. Moshe has called the whole Congregation of Yisrael to assemble and listen to what he has to say about building the Mishkan. Moshe has to have a veil on his head/face as he has rays of (Keren or Horn is used) light coming out. Moshe according to the Oral Torah specified the 39 Melachos of Shabbos and then what was needed for the service in the Mishkan. After this, he will go up before the L-RD for another 40 days to atone for the sin of the Egel HaZahav.

This week I define the 39 Melachos and some simple examples in modern times. I may have over simplified things and if something is unclear one should consult his or her local Orthodox Rabbi.

35:1 And Moses assembled all the congregation of the children of Israel, and said unto them: 'These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them. 2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you a holy day, a Sabbath of solemn rest to the LORD; whosoever doeth any work therein shall be put to death.

The word Melacha is used and not force times distance as the physicists define it. There are 39 Av Melachos or Categories. All the categories taken from the work necessary for the Mishkan or Mikdash:
Field Work: Sowing, Plowing, Reaping, Binding Sheaves, Threshing, Winnowing, Selecting, Grinding, Sifting, Kneading, Baking,
Note the Selecting is taking the bad from the good but not the good from the bad. Example picking out grapes from a mixture of straw and grapes is OK but picking out the straw from the grapes is forbidden and that goes for hair particles in food, bones, etc. However, if one picks up a chicken or fish bone and lick or bite the food from it that is OK.
Making Material Curtains: Shearing Wool, Cleaning, Combing, Dyeing, Spinning, Stretching the Threads, Making Loops, Weaving Threads, Separating the Threads, Tying a Knot (permanent knots not a slip knot shoe lace), Untying a Knot, Sewing (knitting), Tearing
Note there are books for baby care and special brushes that do not pull out hair on babies that parents use on Shabbos for more information contact your local Orthodox Rabbi.
Making Leather Curtains: Trapping, Slaughtering, Skinning, Salting, Tanning, Scraping, Cutting
Making the Beams of the Mishkan: Writing, Erasing
Note: A derivative (Toldos) is measuring which is here and in building.
The Putting up and Taking down of the Mishkan: Building, Breaking Down
The Mishkan's Final Touches: Extinguishing a Fire, Kindling a Fire, Striking the Final Hammer Blow, Carrying

3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the Sabbath day.'

Of all the Melachos this one is mentioned. There is a dispute between the German Jews and the Litvaks who follow the Chazon Ish. (From a discussion with Yacov Glicksman OBM and Rabbi Eleazar Weissfish Shlita and Rabbi Yacov Lustig Shlita) The German Jews hold that we forbid Electricity to be turned on and off on Shabbos because of fact that a spark goes between the switch which is under the laws of fire. The Chazon Ish forbids because we are building a circuit or breaking down a circuit. I had a discussion with two people regarding a solid state device used by doctors in hospitals that are left on attached to a power supply. Since they don’t make permanent impressions is it writing or the fact that the doctor is causing two letters or numbers to be joined on an electronic format that is printed and stored Motzei Shabbos. Thanks to the ideal of my neighbor David Cohen and technical advice by Sam Gamoran, (A Kindle Device that has permanent embedding would be forbidden. OU) The use of a solid state device that is open prevents building or igniting a circuit on Shabbos. The whole world allows doctors to violate the Shabbos for saving a life. Question: Are we allowed to violate the Shabbos to save a life of a non-Jew who is of course not bound by Shabbos as he is not bound by Shabbos? The answer is yes! I simplify it by saying “For ways of peace”. The implication is quite simple that if I don’t do it for a non-Jew then a non-Jew might not do it for a Jew. There are consequences of anti-Semitism. I was told by a Ruv that if there is a Jewish Medic, Nurse or Doctor who any way violates the Shabbos in the same clinic available, I let him do it first for the non-Jew. However, if I am the only medical person available, I do everything necessary to save the life of the non-Jew as if he or she was a brother or sister of mine. The same for the foolish Chassid Example – there is a nude woman drowning who went to the Mikvah. The Chassid does not want contact with an immodest woman. Only a fool would let her drown when one can save a life. The same goes for camera crews and newsmen filming a person in flood or river.

While we are on the subject of electricity: Everybody holds that the light bulb of a refrigerator must be removed or the switched taped over on Shabbos. Some Chassidim like the Bostoner Rebbe put the refrigerator on cold and have the motor run only at certain times via a clock. The German Jews hold that when one opens up the refrigerator and warmer air enters our intent is not to make the motor run but to take the food out or put it in. In fact we are disappointed if the motor runs as it adds to our utilities billing and wears out the refrigerator sooner. (Yacov Glicksman in the name of Rabbi Yacov London OBM)

The Shabbos Elevator: It was first designed for Jews returning from the war between Prussia and France 19 July 1870 – 10 May 1871 when Jews loyal to the Fatherland lost limbs or were crippled. The question then arose about an elevator: (The first reference to an elevator is in the works of the Roman architect Vitruvius, who reported that Archimedes (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) built his first elevator probably in 236 BC. In some literary sources of later historical periods, elevators were mentioned as cabs on a hemp rope and powered by hand or by animals. Elisha Otis invented a modern one in 1852.) Could one use an electrical elevator on Shabbos? If the elevator ran and stopped on each floor according to the German Jews there is no problem as it works all the time. Similar to the refrigerator we do not care if the motor lifts more or less as it is constantly running. However, if one is not ill then one should walk up and down. There is another Heckshir if a non-Jew is going in an elevator on Shabbos one can ride to him to his floor or if he or she asks you which floor you can say it since the non-Jew is pressing the button. Again I prefer to walk even 19 stories as I did in my mother’s place in FL rather than ride in an elevator as then I was quite healthy. Today I walk and take my time going up even 5 flights. (From various discussion with Rabbi Yacov Lustig Shlita and the late Bostoner Rebbe Moshe Horowitz OBM and others)


4 And Moses spoke unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying: 'This is the thing which the LORD commanded, saying: 5 Take ye from among you an offering unto the LORD, whosoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it, the LORD'S offering: gold, and silver, and brass; 6 and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair; 7 and rams' skins dyed red, and sealskins, and acacia-wood; 8 and oil for the light, and spices for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense; 9 and onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate.

This is a request for donations to the Mishkan and for volunteer workers in the next section.

10 And let every wise-hearted man among you come, and make all that the LORD hath commanded: 11 the tabernacle, its tent, and its covering, its clasps, and its boards, its bars, its pillars, and its sockets; 12 the ark, and the staves thereof, the ark-cover, and the veil of the screen; 13 the table, and its staves, and all its vessels, and the showbread; 14 the candlestick also for the light, and its vessels, and its lamps, and the oil for the light; 15 and the altar of incense, and its staves, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the screen for the door, at the door of the tabernacle; 16 the altar of burnt-offering, with its grating of brass, its staves, and all its vessels, the laver and its base; 17 the hangings of the court, the pillars thereof, and their sockets, and the screen for the gate of the court; 18 the pins of the tabernacle, and the pins of the court, and their cords; 19 the plaited garments, for ministering in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office.' 20 And all the congregation of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses. 21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and brought the LORD'S offering, for the work of the tent of meeting, and for all the service thereof, and for the holy garments. 22 And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing-hearted, and brought nose-rings, and ear-rings, and signet-rings, and girdles, all jewels of gold; even every man that brought an offering of gold unto the LORD. 23 And every man, with whom was found blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, and rams' skins dyed red, and sealskins, brought them. 24 Every one that did set apart an offering of silver and brass brought the LORD'S offering; and every man, with whom was found acacia-wood for any work of the service, brought it. 25 And all the women that were wise-hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, the blue, and the purple, the scarlet, and the fine linen. 26 And all the women whose heart stirred them up in wisdom spun the goats' hair. 27 And the rulers brought the onyx stones, and the stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate; 28 and the spice, and the oil, for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense. 29 The children of Israel brought a freewill-offering unto the LORD; every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all the work, which the LORD had commanded by the hand of Moses to be made.

But who is going to be in charge of this work? Obviously as leader and chief justice, Moshe could not be expected to do this considering that he had no engineering skills. Therefore he mentions at this point the names of the men who were given to him by HASHEM on Har Sinai.

30 And Moses said unto the children of Israel: 'See, the LORD hath called by name Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah. 31 And He hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship. 32 And to devise skilful works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, 33 and in cutting of stones for setting, and in carving of wood, to work in all manner of skilful workmanship. 34 And He hath put in his heart that he may teach, both he, and Oholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan. 35 Them hath He filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of workmanship, of the craftsman, and of the skilful workman, and of the weaver in colours, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any workmanship, and of those that devise skilful works. 36:1 And Bezalel and Oholiab shall work, and every wise-hearted man, in whom the LORD hath put wisdom and understanding to know how to work all the work for the service of the sanctuary, according to all that the LORD has commanded.'

The men might have had the Holy Spirit aka Ruach HaKodesh resting upon them but as with the Melachos mentioned above the whole speech of Moshe is not given here that was Oral Torah. The speech obviously had the dimension of the Aron HaKodesh, length, width and height of the Mishkan, Curtains, etc. The Torah is not repeating itself. In Parsha Naso on the other hand does repeat itself as it indicates that each tribe is dear unto HASHEM.

… 14 And he made curtains of goats' hair for a tent over the tabernacle; eleven curtains he made them.

The Oral Torah tells how difficult it was to spin the goats hair into fibers and it was all done by hand.

37:1 And Betzalel made the ark of acacia-wood: two cubits and a half was the length of it, and a cubit and a half the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it. 2 And he overlaid it with pure gold within and without, and made a crown of gold to it round about.

Rabbi E. Shatz Shlita and I were discussing that neither of us have seen an acacia tree wide and long enough to make the boards of the Mishkan were they grown by use of the DIVINE NAME or did they exist then and afterwards mankind used up the big trees – an interesting question.

Last week the following did not turn out well I am retrying to send this from Daniel

Leap Year calendar

Day of Week for 1st Day Pesach

w/ Rosh Hashanah on Thurs.
Tuesday w/ Rosh Hashanah on Mon., Th, or Shabbat




R.H. Adar II







R.H. Nisan



Acharei Mot

Erev Pesach

Please note this year due to the fact that Rosh Chodesh Adar Bet falls on Motzei Shabbos the special prayers before Rosh Chodesh will be on the 5th Day aka Thursday 27 Adar Aleph it is called Yom Kippur Katan. The “leaders” are fighting Torah and Yeshivos and the rain is not coming causing the worst drought in modern times since the measurements of the Kinneret began about 150 or so years ago. Since, so few fast Yom Kippur Katan, I do request to at least add the special prayers for that day.

This week for a change I brought down Israelis who died on a Kiddush HASHEM and a rescue that nearly wasn’t and a test from 1895 where 8 grades of schooling brought farming community children on par to be farmers and if need be continue to a higher education. Some of the math is easy if one has a conversion chart as those units are not used today but a bit of respect for the generation of my grandparents. Today in English do children know the difference between “there”, “their” and “they’re”?

This bit of information comes from Israel Aircraft Industries: There are very few companies who can repair and overhaul aircraft engines. There are two companies in the world who can overhaul or change a commercial Airbus into a Cargo Plane today and that is Airbus Itself and IAI. The same story goes for turning a Boeing Commercial Plane into a Cargo Plane except with Boeing.

IAI recently acquired a Boeing 777 aircraft broke it down into parts and sold for a higher price the components to customers. In the meantime with the frame they backwards engineered it even rewired the aircraft for better fuel efficiency and performance. Their engineers took an old B767 and learned  how to make it into either a refueling aircraft a flying hospital or a troop carrier with combinations available per requirement of the government and their army. IAI redesigned the refueling boom and no longer has to buy one from the States saving a lot of cost.

France and The Underground Martyrs of Eretz-Yisrael

At the end of October 1793, almost two-dozen opponents of the Revolutionary Regime in France were executed, at the guillotine.  Scouring the Internet (on a not-quite-related topic), I found something interesting.
The execution of Marie Antoinette was closely followed by that of twenty-one patriotic Girondists, who, on their way to the scaffold, and while awaiting their turn, heroically sang the "Marseillaise," to prove their devotion to their native country. Only one of their number dared not face the ordeal of the guillotine; but although he succeeded in committing suicide, his inanimate corpse was nevertheless borne to the scaffold to be beheaded with the rest. The strong chorus of a score of manly voices dwindled gradually as one head after another fell beneath the knife, but even the last Girondist kept up the strain, undaunted to the final minute.

That reminded me of
another historical event:
At 4:00 a.m. Dov Gruner was awakened and taken to the execution cell. Present there were the Director of prison services in Palestine, the Governor of Acre Jail, a physician and six British officers. As was the custom in Britain and in the colonies, the prison governor acted as hangman but in violation of custom, no rabbi was present. Dov Gruner went to the gallows without religious solace, as did Yehiel Drezner, Eliezer Kashani and Mordechai Elkahi. All four were hanged, each singing the anthem Hatikva as the noose was tightened around his neck. When the muffled voices of the condemned men were heard throughout the prison, all the Jewish prisoners rose to their feet and sang the national anthem

That was in May 1947.  Earlier,
in Egypt, in 1945,
At their execution, the Eliyahus proudly sang HaTikva and then calmly allowed the hangman to do his job. The hangman, who was so overwhelmed by the composure of the two fighters, later remarked that after twenty years as an executioner, this was the first time that he had felt like a murderer.

in 1938:
As Shlomo Ben-Yosef approached the gallows, he began to sing HaTikva – the Jewish national anthem. The prisoners of Acre, including his two companions from the attack, arose and joined in the singing. When the hangman’s rope cut off Shlomo’s voice, the prisoners finished their anthem without him. Shlomo Ben-Yosef was the first Hebrew executed by a foreign regime in the Land of Israel since the Roman occupation nearly two thousand years prior. On the wall of his cell was found a third message.
“You cannot conquer the mountain without leaving graves behind”

From the Paris Family: The road to Jerusalem that’s off limits to Israel ’s leaders

Route 443, one of only two roads linking Tel Aviv to the capital, has seen an uptick of grassroots terror; the IDF shows The Times of Israel how it’s keeping drivers safe

By Mitch Ginsburg February 19, 2014, 6:05 am
Behind the Paratroopers’ red-and-white flags at the entrance to the base, in a warm, airless caravan lit by fluorescent lights and lined with IDF code maps, a dozen female soldiers worked a four-hour shift, their eyes fixed on the screens in front of them.
In a corner of the room, a soldier with coral-pink nail polish monitored what the IDF has deemed a “strategic route” – the West Bank section of Route 443, a 16-kilometer stretch of road linking Tel Aviv to Jerusalem . The route, one of the two main roads into the capital, runs east of the security barrier. After months of near total quiet, it has witnessed a flare-up of violence, including 20 Molotov-cocktail attacks during the first two months of the year. In early February, the Israel Police unit Magen, concerned by the unpredictability of the attacks, ruled the road off limits to Israeli government ministers under its protection.
This week, after several consecutive days of quiet, an intelligence officer showed the Times of Israel the route’s hot spots and sketched the measures the IDF has taken to limit friction.
In the surveillance caravan, he noted that the pictures on the screen are provided by two cameras atop a pair of 42-meter-high ( 138 foot ) towers along the route. The female soldier watching the screen has a daytime option of rich color and a nighttime option that projects thermal images in a blurry black and white. She has a surveillance routine, patrolling a string of troublesome spots for a set amount of time, the intelligence officer said, but she is allowed to linger elsewhere if something seems awry. In event of an attack, the soldier said, she is able to translate the scene of a crime into a set of 10 coordinates on a topographical map and to either relay that number to forces in the field or to guide them to the spot if necessary.
Speaking in her officer’s presence, she never once swiveled her head or removed her eyes from the screen. “Their powers of concentration are incredible,” the intelligence officer said, noting that very few males would be capable of maintaining the grueling attentiveness necessary to patrol a stretch of road for four straight hours.
Outside, the officer began the tour of Route 443 at the Maccabim Checkpoint, where Israeli vehicular traffic either moves east, into the West Bank, in the direction of Jerusalem , or west, toward Modiin and Tel Aviv.
Driving east, he stopped at the first Palestinian village on the route, Bayt Sira. Representatives of the village, in 2007, petitioned the High Court of Justice. They contended that the IDF had initially appropriated Palestinian land in order to modernize the old British road linking the rural communities to Ramallah, and then, after six Israelis were shot and killed along the road during the Second Intifada, had barred all Palestinians from using it, whether by car, by beast or by foot. As the violence waned, Israel began building a series of “fabric of life” roads that connected the villages along Route 443 with Ramallah, the educational and medical hub for the 55,000 Palestinian residents in the region. All roadblocks between the villages and Ramallah, on the internal roads, were removed, too, but Palestinians, still barred from using the highway, asserted that the blanket ban was both discriminatory and an example of undue collective punishment.
Chief Supreme Court Justice Dorit Beinisch wrote in December 2009, in a concurring majority opinion, that despite the undeniable security concerns of the OC Central Command, “the decisive factor is the grave end result and not the integrity of the [commander's] considerations.” The IDF’s ban, Justice Uzi Fogelman wrote, was “disproportionate.”
The army, forced to pay the plaintiffs’ court expenses, was given five months to come up with an alternative arrangement.
Today Palestinians may enter the road in either direction. At the eastern edge though, at the Ofer checkpoint, they cannot continue on to Beitunya and Ramallah, and at the western edge, at the Maccabim checkpoint, they cannot continue toward Modiin and Tel Aviv. Those that choose to enter the road are required to undergo a thorough security check. The convenience of the highway, Btselem spokeswoman Sarit Michaeli said, is offset by the time spent in security checks and the inability to reach Ramallah, leaving “no reason whatsoever for a Palestinian to use that road today.”
The intelligence officer confirmed that of the 40,000 vehicles using the road daily perhaps only 10 were Palestinian. And yet, he said, keeping safe the 180 kilometers of road that run through the Binyamin Brigade’s territory alone, including this stretch on Route 443, is a continually trying task.
One reason for that relates to the nature of the threat. Stones and firebombs, while potentially lethal, are easy to hide and require no planning or accomplices. Pointing across the four-lane highway at the village of Bayt Ur a-Tahta, home to 3,000 people and stretching across nearly four kilometers of road, the intelligence officer said that from that village, a central point of friction, all someone has to do is walk down to the edge of the road with a bottle of fuel in one coat pocket and a lighter in the other. “He can keep them in the pockets of his coat and light it up one second before he reaches the road, then throw it, and escape,” he said.
Since only small parts of the road are fenced off and since the army does not have the manpower or the inclination to position soldiers all along the route, he said, ambushes in the field have become a central tactic to reduce attacks.  ”It’s possible that right now there is an ambush tucked into this wadi,” he said, pointing to a gentle slope dotted with olive trees and bright gray rocks, “and even if they can’t catch him and prevent the firebomb from being thrown, they can make sure that he will be arrested.”
The violence along the road has come in spurts. In June 2013, he said, there was a sudden and inexplicable rise in rock and firebomb attacks. In 2014, starting with a rock thrown on New Year’s Eve at a car carrying Habima actors back to Tel Aviv, there have been 15 attacks, using 20 firebombs and dozens of stones. The IDF, responding to threats, brought high quality troops to the area and doubled the manpower in position. “The increased manpower does its thing,” the officer said.
Since January, the IDF has arrested 24 people from Bayt Ur a-Tahta and, over the course of the past 10 days, there have been no further attacks. The officer said that all those arrested were from the same clan and may have been looking to advance some sort of agenda or to make a point with violence.
On the south side of the road, outside Khirbat al-Mizbah, the other central point of friction along the route, the officer pointed to a black mark on the asphalt, where someone recently placed a burning gas canister inside of a car tire, causing it to explode. The officer said that in some instances he receives intelligence in real time about an attack about to happen and, more frequently, only learns the names of the perpetrators later on. If they are over the age of 12, he said, they can be apprehended and pressure can be placed on their families by, say, revoking a work license.
Otherwise, they can be delivered to the Palestinian Authority’s security forces. He said that the PA’s forces have arrested dozens of people in every county across the West Bank over the course of the past year and that, while the security forces are hesitant to operate in the refugee camps, “in most places they are working and they are working well. If they don’t work, it’s because they can’t, not because they don’t want to.”
The officer, before heading back to the Maccabim Checkpoint, said that the IDF had nothing to do with the controversial decision to bar ministers from using the road – a decision that prompted one former senior intelligence officer to lash out [Hebrew] at the head of the Magen unit. He did say, though, that every stone thrown on Route 443, a crucial traffic artery, means “a phone call from the IDF Chief of Staff.”

A lecture: I picked this up from Rabbi Michael Gutmacher Shlita

From Rabbi A.L. What it took to get an 8th grade education in 1895...
Remember when grandparents and great-grandparents stated that they only had an 8th grade education? This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 in Salina , Kansas , USA . It was taken from the original document on file at the Smokey Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina and reprinted by the Salina Journal. 
The 8th Grade Final Exam: Salina , KS - 1895 
 Grammar (Time, one hour)
1. Give nine rules for the use of capital letters.
2. Name the parts of speech and define those that have no modifications 
3. Define verse, stanza and paragraph.
4. What are the principal parts of a verb? Give principal parts of 'lie,' 'play,' and 'run'.
5. Define case; illustrate each case.
6. What is punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of punctuation. 
7 - 10. Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you understand the practical use of the rules of grammar. 
Arithmetic (Time,1 hour 15 minutes)
1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.
2. A wagon box is 2 ft. Deep, 10 feet Long, and 3 ft. Wide. How many bushels of wheat will it hold? 
3. If a load of wheat weighs 3,942 lbs, what is it worth at 50cts/bushel, deducting 1,050 lbs for tare? 
4. District No 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What is the necessary levy to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals? 
5. Find the cost of 6,720 lbs. Coal at $6.00 per ton.
6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7percent per annum.
7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft long at $20 per metre?
8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.
9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance of which is 640 rods? 
10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt. 
U.S. History (Time, 45 minutes)
1. Give the epochs into which U.S. History is divided
2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus . 
3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.
4. Show the territorial growth of the United States. 
5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas 
6. Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion. 
7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton , Bell , Lincoln , Penn, and Howe?
8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849, 1865. 
Orthography (Time, one hour) 
(Do we even know what this is??]
 1. What is meant by the following: alphabet, phonetic, orthography, etymology, syllabication?
 2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?
 3. What are the following, and give examples of each: trigraph, subvocals, diphthong, cognate letters, linguals?
 4. Give four substitutes for caret 'u'.
 5. Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e.' Name two exceptions under each rule.
 6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each. 
 7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: bi, dis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup.
 8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and name the sign that indicates the sound: card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last. 
 9. Use the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane , vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.
 10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by use of diacritical marks and by syllabication. 
Geography (Time, one hour)
1. What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?
2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas ? 
3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?
4. Describe the mountains of North America. 
5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia , Odessa , Denver , Manitoba, Hecla , Yukon , St. Helena, Juan Fernandez, Aspinwall and Orinoco. 
6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S. Name all the republics of Europe and give the capital of each..
8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude? 
9. Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers.
10. Describe the movements of the earth. Give the inclination of the earth. 
Notice that the exam took FIVE HOURS to complete. Gives the saying 'he only had an 8th grade education'  a whole new meaning, doesn't it?? 

Allen sent me the true story of the rescue of Captain Philips: Sickening!
Apparently the President "managed" the details of the rescue of Captain Phillips. In doing so he earned the hostility of the Seals entrusted with the mission. Here's an account by a career Naval officer who had a distinguished career, Herb Schwartz, in which he refers to the President as "Zero". (Which gives you an indication that he feels the President was more of an obstructionist than what the WH would later characterize as "daring and decisive", once success had been achieved.
If you see the movie, keep these things in mind ! The real story of the rescue of Captain Phillips
Herb Schwartz is a Navy Blue and Gold Officer for the Naval Academy and father of the highest ranked graduate at the USNA in 2000.  He flew missions over the former Soviet Union with Francis Gary Powers, taught at the Judge Advocates college and briefed President Kennedy as an intelligence officer.  The best is that he is my friend and a man I trust. Did I forget that he is an author and a retired Military Judge. Jim O'Neal
Begin forwarded message: From: Herb Schwartz, Subject: The real story of Captain Phillips written shortly after the event by someone who was there.
All of us want to raise our glass this week to the Navy SEALs who popped those three Somali pirates. And I'm sure you want to hear the real story of what happened. Especially because there is a revoltingly opportunistic and cowardly side to it.    
Guess which side Zero (aka: our president) is on?
Why, for example, did it take SEAL Team Six (aka DEVGRU, Navy Special Warfare Development Group, the Navy's equivalent of Delta Force) over 36 hours to get to the scene? Because Zero refused to authorize the SEAL deployment for those 36 hours, during which the OSC - the on scene commander, Cmdr. Frank Castellano of the USS Bainbridge - repeatedly requested them.
Once the SEALs arrived - parachuting from a C-17 into the ocean near the ship - Zero then imposed Rules of Engagement (ROE) specifying the SEALs could not do anything unless the life of the hostage, Captain Richard Phillips, was in "imminent" danger. Thus, when Capt. Phillips attempted to escape by jumping off the lifeboat into the ocean, the SEAL snipers had all four pirates (one later surrendered) sighted in and could have taken them out then and there - but they could not fire due to Zero's ROE restrictions. When the SEALs approached the lifeboat in a RIB (rigid-hull inflatable boat) carrying supplies for Capt. Phillips and the pirates, the pirates fired upon them. Not only was no fire returned due to the ROE, but as the pirates were shooting at the RIB, SEAL snipers on the Bainbridge had them all dialed in. No triggers were pulled due to the ROE.
Two specific rescue plans were developed by Cmdr. Castellano and the SEAL teams. Zero personally refused to authorize them.
After the second refusal and days of dithering, Cmdr. Castellano decided he had the Operational Area and OSC authority to "solely determine risk to hostage" and did not require any further approval of the president. Four hours later, the White House is informed that three pirates are dead and Capt. Phillips has been rescued unharmed. A WH press release is immediately issued,
giving credit to the president for his "daring and decisive" behavior that resulted in such success.
Zero has absolutely no military knowledge or experience whatsoever.  He demanded decisional control over the entire hostage drama to the last detail. All actions required his personal approval.
He dithered like a coward while the world laughed at our warships flummoxed by four illiterate teenagers with AKs in a lifeboat.
Only when the Navy Commander decided to ignore his Pantywaist-in Chief and take action and responsibility himself, were the incredible skills of the SEALs put into play. That Zero could cynically and opportunistically claim that his "bold" "calm" "tough" leadership was responsible should remind everyone that not a single action, not a single word of this man can be trusted.
He is bereft of honesty and moral character. That's why he's Zero.
We raise a glass full of pride and gratitude to Navy Commander Frank Castellano, the Navy SEALs for their incredible competence, and our military as we also recognize Zero for what he is, or more appropriately, for what he is not.

First received from Miriam Esther E. about living 1933 all over again Pro-Israel Rally From my cousin David:

Secular Extremism causing religious extremism:

If the secular vs. religious was not enough the Modern Orthodox and Charedi Orthodox cannot get on the same page either. I love both but for once get your act together and stop fighting each other.

From Ari: This is very tragic and true but only the G-D fearing will be true and inherit the next world or after Gog and Magog this world: Yeshaya 4:1 And seven women shall take hold of one man in that day, saying: 'We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel; only let us be called by thy name; take thou away our reproach.'

10 Companies who were involved in the Holocaust:

From Miriam Esther E. Oral Jewish tradition explained:

American Jewry will go down in population per this study,7340,L-4488219,00.html

Rabbi Moshe Feinstein stated how the communists started taking the education from the value people and instilling their PC in the USSR after 1917. His father managed to get the family out of Russia:

I recently visited a company that makes remote piloted planes but now a snow plow was invented in the States:

For Facebook Users only: Recently a Conservative Rabbi BB Melman’s profile was hacked by a missionary using up to 10 profiles of a poor fellow named Daniel Kaminski with or without a “y” and the same picture of the real man. Please be aware of this.  

Inyanay Diyoma

Shabbos is between ME and the Bnei Yisrael only they don’t really recognize that we have a G-D.

Israel law in favor of women and neo-Marxists policies:

More Mafia Wars in Israel. Today an Arab was murdered by multi-bullets into his car:

Where European and US tax dollars spent on the Palestinians go:

Gangster Terror or a gas explosion killing 5 Arabs?.

Silent World again human rights abuse of own people in 4 Concentration Camps in N. Korea:

Egypt clearing a zone near Gaza and making a better border against smugglers all around:,7340,L-4489490,00.html

Routine arrests on spying to keep the opposition down:,7340,L-4489773,00.html

Israel and Jordan sign a gas agreement in lieu of the Sinai Pipeline attacks:,7340,L-4490259,00.html

Soda Stream Arabs and Jews working together: After Soda Stream Factory Visit, Church Leaders Reject Boycotts Delegates from Presbyterian Church, which formally endorsed boycotts, change their minds after seeing Soda Stream factory.

Finally a new draft law which gives the Charedim an opportunity to go to jail rather than serve in the army if they want or do National Service some will remain in Yeshiva others will prefer the army and others will go into the work force which cannot handle them.

To become an arms dealer one usually has to be a big shot lt. col or above in the army, Shin Bet, Mossad, etc. Let these people who sell arms are often unscrupulous and not necessarily doing things in the best interest of their country. So the next time you hear that the Shin Bet is against the Charedim or followers of Rabbi Meir Kahane HY”D take this into account where the real treat is.

First Amendment violation if it goes through it will destroy the US Constitution: If the FCC does this it is the end of the USA

Now for M. Wolfberg’s Good Shabbos Story “Sky High”

 Good Shabbos Everyone.  When Reb Yisroel of Rizhin was a little boy, he once dug himself a small garden on Friday afternoon and began to play. Seeing him busy at work, the young boy’s brother Reb Avrohom reminded the child: “Shabbos will be starting soon.” The child looked up at the sky and said to his older brother: “You are right.”
        “And how do you know that [Shabbos will be starting soon?]” Asked his brother. “Well,” said the young boy, “can’t you see how the heavens are changing!?!” (A Treasury of Chassidic Tales - Festivals p.421 R.S.Y. Zevin, U.Kaploun, trans.) The Holy Reb Yisroel of Rizhin was so in-tuned to Shabbos that even as a young boy he could feel the holiness approaching. If we cherish Shabbos, we too can feel Shabbos as it approaches.
        Anyone who has ever lived around orthodox Jews has surely noticed the change of pace which occurs every Friday as Shabbos approaches. By Friday afternoon, the Jewish home is busy getting ready for Shabbos – reading the parsha twice with its Aramaic translation, saying “Shir HaShirim” (the Song of Songs), cleaning the home, polishing the shoes, making the beds, tasting the special Shabbos foods. The preparations for Shabbos infuse a certain special feeling into the Jewish soul.
        We read about Shabbos in our parsha this week Ki-Sisa, as the Torah tells us: “The Children of Israel shall observe the Shabbos, to make an eternal covenant for their generations.” (Shemos - Exodus 31:16) Every week on Shabbos we reaffirm our eternal covenant with Hashem. As the sun descends and the shadows grow long, the holiness of this special covenant approaches. Just as one looks forward to a celebration as it nears, so too does the Jewish soul look forward to Shabbos at it nears. The following amazing true story shows one Jew’s experience with sundown on Friday.
        Panama City, Panama in Central America was a long way from his native West Hartford, Connecticut, but to Matt Schweitzer the move was a great opportunity to enhance his career as an Air Force pilot. Matt would be flying an airplane which was only in service in that part of the world. As an officer, Matt was entitled to live off base, so he took up residence in a high-rise apartment building about half an hour away.
        Having grown up as an active member of the Reform Jewish Movement, Matt was intrigued when he happened to meet a young traditional couple. After a few exchanges, they invited him to experience a Shabbos meal at their home. The experience was a revelation to him, and he soon found himself enjoying more Shabbos meals with these new friends, as well as with other families to whom he was introduced. Matt began to look forward to his Fridays; Friday meant that Shabbos had almost arrived.
        Matt's interest in Judaism blossomed. He soon realized that the long neglected Bible that he had been given upon his graduation from the Air Force Academy was an integral part of this new way of life. Each night he would read a few pages, and he always came away amazed and inspired by the wisdom contained within the ancient text. No human, he was certain, could have authored this work.
        He began attending classes given by Rabbi Daniel Grama. Little by little he became more and more committed to the Torah way of life. Shabbos observance presented a major obstacle, since many of his flights were scheduled on Saturdays. But Matt was undeterred. He was determined not to desecrate Shabbos for the duration of his Air Force career. For a few months, things worked out well, and Matt was able to avoid flying on Shabbos. But then the time arrived for the base's first ORI.
        ORI, the Operational Readiness Inspection, was a very important inspection dreaded by nearly everyone on base, regardless of their rank. A special team of inspectors would come from Air Force Headquarters to scrutinize every aspect of the base's operations. Promotions as well as suspensions could result from this inspection. It was no surprise that tensions ran high.
        Designated as an aircraft commander for one of the crews during the ORI, Matt had to fly a number of missions. Inspectors on board and on the ground would be monitoring the flights and the accuracy of their landings.
        The ORI was scheduled to run an entire week, from Monday through Sunday. To his dismay, Matt discovered that he was scheduled to fly a mission on Friday night. Rescheduling simply was not an option. All he could do was pray that somehow Hashem would help him.
        To minimize the problems he had to deal with, Matt decided to spend Shabbos on base. Briefing time was at 1600 hours (4:00 p.m.). Matt arrived equipped with wine, bread, food, a siddur (prayer book), and a sleeping bag. The crew proceeded with the required briefings, then went to the armory to pick up their weapons.
        With a few minutes before boarding time, Matt decided to call Rabbi Grama. He told him about the situation he was facing. "Please pray for me," Matt concluded.
        "I will, Matt," Rabbi Grama reassured him. "My wife will also say Tehillim (Psalms) for you. Remember, Matt, Hashem is with you." Reassured by Rabbi Grama, Matt proceeded to make his way towards the aircraft. The mission was about to start. It was 5:20. The sun was getting low. Shabbos was about to come in…
        Matt was just 50 feet away from the aircraft when a car pulled up with a screech of tires, and a sergeant jumped out. "The ORI is over!" he announced. "Because of the base's excellent performance, the last two days of the inspection have been canceled."
        Matt listened, openmouthed, while his heart swelled with joy. Shabbos was saved! It was hard to keep his feet on the ground, hard to keep from expressing his gratitude to Hashem.
        A look at his watch quickly brought him back to earth. Candle lighting was at 6:05, and he still had to return his gun to the armory and drive home in rush hour traffic. On Friday afternoons, his half-hour ride often turned into an ordeal of an hour or more.
        Matt arrived at the armory, quickly turned in his gun and sped for his car. It was 5:40. Time was running out. Even without traffic, the drive normally took half an hour. Would he make it in time? Matt prayed for Hashem's assistance as he steered onto the highway.
        Matt blinked and shook his head. Where was the traffic that usually clogged up the road at this hour of the afternoon? The highway was almost empty! He made it to his apartment in a record 20 minutes, and just managed to light the candles while still in his uniform.
        Matt hurriedly dressed and began his 30 minute walk to the shul. He arrived there at 7:00, right on time for Maariv (the evening prayers). He would never forget the expression on Rabbi Grama's face when he saw him - a look of mingled astonishment and happiness.
        The prayers had already started, so Rabbi Grama simply shook his hand and whispered with a smile, "Pray like you've never prayed before!" Matt, now Mordechai, was so touched by this amazing incident, that he grew even closer to Hashem and Shabbos observance.
        Mordechai hoped to inspire others, particularly his younger brother Robert. Robert was married to a non-Jew, and Mordechai wondered if he had any chance of making an impression on his younger brother. Still, Mordechai wanted to try.
        Mordechai sent Robert an English Chumash (Five Books of Moses). A few weeks later, Mordechai finally got up the nerve to call and to ask his younger brother about the Chumash. To his surprise, Robert told him that he had read the entire book cover to cover.
        "It was amazing, Matt. Who wrote this book?" Moved by his brother's interest, Mordechai replied, "G-d."
        Robert had so many questions that Mordechai felt it would be best to refer him to an Orthodox rabbi. Mordechai wasn't sure if his brother would actually make the call, and he didn't want his new interest to subside. So Mordechai sent Robert two more books: Permission to Receive, by Rabbi Lawrence Keleman, and Choose Life, by Rabbi Ezriel Tauber. Then, Mordechai sat back and waited to see what would happen.
        A month later, Mordechai decided to call his brother again. This time, Robert's wife answered the phone. Her voice sounded surprisingly pleasant as she returned his greeting.
        "Hi, Matt, good to hear from you. You know we've been reading those books you've given us."
        Mordechai braced himself. "Yes?" he asked cautiously. "Well, Robert is convinced that this is the real thing, and he wants to become Orthodox." She paused for a moment, and then went on. "I've also decided to convert."
        Mordechai, despite his speechless astonishment, still managed to answer some of her questions. Then Robert got on the phone, expressing his enthusiasm for performing the mitzvos. Shortly afterwards, Robert began learning with an Orthodox rabbi.
        Within a year and a half, Robert's wife and two children had undergone an Orthodox conversion; Robert and his wife remarried in a Jewish wedding ceremony, and the entire family was fully observing Torah and mitzvos. Some time later, Mordechai and Robert happened to be discussing their change of lifestyle.
        "You know, Robert, I've always wondered exactly what it was that motivated you to change…," Mordechai commented. "It was really quite simple," Robert replied. "I've always believed there was a G-d. When I became convinced that He wrote the Torah, there seemed to be no choice but to follow it." (Visions of Greatness, Rabbi Yosef Weiss, Volume 5.p.185)
        As the sun takes its final turn towards the western horizon, we should begin to feel a change in our souls. We should begin to feel the holiness of Shabbos approaching. We should remember the amazing story of the air force pilot in Panama and his experience at sundown. As the shadows grow long on Friday afternoon, we should anticipate the happiness and peace of the special Shabbos. Then, several minutes before sundown, we will light the Shabbos candles and turn to our family members with glowing faces and say:
Good Shabbos Everyone. 
M. Wolfberg is sponsored by: In Memory of a fine person and a good Yitzchok ben Reb Shimon (Friedman) of blessed memory, Refuah Shleima to Reb Mordechai Mendel ben Tziporah Yitta, Refuah Shleima to Leah bas Tziporah

Good Shabbos to all and guard your health,
Rachamim Pauli