Friday, March 20, 2015

Parshiyos Vayikra, Rosh Chodesh, HaChodesh and Analysis plus Halacha

We open Sefer Vayikra with the list of people whom we are praying for:

Prayers for Men: Eliezer David HaCohain ben Naomi, Avraham HaCohain ben Yocheved, Asher ben Esther Malka, Avraham ben Devorah, Zvi Yechezkel ben Leah, Yehuda ben Gittel Perel, Baruch Michael ben Petal Yenta, Shalom Charles ben Gracia, Yoel ben Esther, Zev ben Rachel, Yehonatan ben Malka, Zvi ben Chava, Shlomo Chaim ben Basya Raizal, David Zvi ben Sarah Leah, Yosef ben Shifra, Daniel ben Rivka, Nehemiah Arieh Liab Peretz ben Esther Rachel, Chaim Yechiel ben Malka, Shmuel Yerucham ben Bella, Aytan ben Sarah

Women: Karen Neshama bas Esther Ruth, Chaya Melecha Rachel bas Baila Alta, Rachel bas Chana, Hodaya Nirit bas Mazel, Rivka bas Idit, Kayla Rus bas Chaya Rachel, Tsvia Simcha bas Devorah Yachad, Miriam bas Irene Taita Malka, Henshi bas Nashe, Basya bas Chaya Miriam. Ayala bas Ruth [She has woken up but will need burn operations for months]

The following people are recovering from long term non-threatening injuries and need Psalms. Binum Benyamin Tuvia ben Chana Friedel,  

Parsha Vayikra

The time line that we are dealing with in Chumash Shemos from Yetzias Mitzrayim (the Exodus) until the first few Parshiyos in Bamidbar is the time period of about a year and a month plus. After Kerias Yam Sof (the splitting of the sea) until the Assera Debros on Har Sinai is six days. We see Moshe judging the people so they must have had some traditions and oral laws and of course the men and neighbors in the tribes were hard working slaves and not much interaction with the family. Suddenly family feuds and neighborly disputes occurred.

Yisrael receives the initial laws of damages and disputes on Sinai. Perhaps at this time besides adultery other forbidden marriages and relationships which the Egyptians were famous for. Yisrael is instructed on the building of the Mishkan and the garments of the Cohain. Last week we read how the Mishkan was finally made and who participated in its construction.

Up unto our current Parsha, we have only to offer up a Korban Pessach, Tamid, Shabbos and not going empty handed before the L-RD during the three Regelim. I assume from the days of Kayn and Hevel there were some forms of thanksgiving sacrifices as mentioned early on in Beresheis. However, a specific list of Korbanos begin in our Parsha and continue throughout the Sefer. Not specified until Sefer Bamidbar is the setting up of the first army and the encampment and marching orders of the tribes this is all in the background during the course of the first through second year. A nation is born during this time.

The Mishkan has not yet been assembled and we will see it on Parshas Shemini which falls in Eretz Yisrael Motzei Pessach which is a Shabbos and in Chutz LaAretz a week after Pessach this year. They will remain behind us until they get a double Parsha at the end of Sefer Vayikra. But still our time line does not end in Vayikra as the dedication of the Shevatim (tribes) and the gifts of the princes continue through Parsha Naso and the duties of the Leviim continue to Parsha Behaalosecha where the continuation starts in Parsha Shelach Lecha. The next 38 years are compacted into Parshiyos Korach and Chukas as Parsha Balak occurs in the last year of the travels in the Midbar and is on the other side of the Yarden.  

1:1 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spoke unto him out of the tent of meeting, saying: 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them: When any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd or of the flock. 3 If his offering be a burnt-offering of the herd, he shall offer it a male without blemish; he shall bring it to the door of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD. 4 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the burnt-offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
Vayikra is called Toras Cohanim because of the sacrifices and functions as well as in Parsha Emor their holiness. We start off with the Korban Olah the burnt offering. Korban Chatas or sin offering which is given for the crimes of Kares accidental violation of Shabbos, Niddah, adultery or incest as people did not sleep well dressed in those times and families were piled into close quarters with no lighting so mistakes could happen although I assume that the pious were very careful and had some guards in place or sign language with their hands so that adultery or incest would not happen. Shalomim or peace offering, Korban Mincha or flour offering, Korban Tamid or daily offering. We continue with the Korban for Congregation.

Next week I may expand on the offerings listed above.

We take out three Sifrei Torah this week – the Parsha, Rosh Chodesh Nissan and Parsha HaChodesh!

Parsha HaChodesh

Question which I asked Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky Shlita when Rosh Chodesh started before the Solar Eclipse which was at sundown the year my oldest grandson was born. This time Rosh Chodesh was early but I am uncertain that the moon will be visible tonight due to its proximity to the sun. With our fixed calendar we take the average Molad for the months and Adar or Adar II in a leap year is no more than 29 days. When the Moshiach comes we will return to astronomical observance except for Rosh Hashanah because Yom Kippur cannot be before or after Shabbos.   

This week we read Shemos 12:1-20 and it is where HASHEM tells Moshe that Rosh Chodesh Nissan starts the months of the year. Moshe is shown the crescent moon and is told by HASHEM this is what you shall see when you declare the new moon.

Marked for Eternity a story that first appeared in 5772 from Aish HaTorah forwarded to me by Chaim B.

A true "Jewish" story from the Titanic's ill-fated voyage.

April 2012 marks the 100th anniversary of the Titanic disaster. I had never heard of a ‘Jewish story’ regarding the Titanic, thus when Mrs. Alyssa Hershkop in Beit Shemesh, Israel, insisted that she had a “great Jewish story” about the Titanic, I was skeptical. However, research and interviews with descendants of the passengers on that voyage proved she was right. A remarkable episode with Jewish overtones did indeed transpire on that fateful trip. The emotion roused by this story is truly "• yes "• of titanic proportions.
In 1910, Mr. Sam Aks of Turek, Poland, immigrated to England where he married the former Leah Rosen. They lived in London for a while after their wedding, and they decided to move to America where there were better business opportunities. They settled on moving to Norfolk, Virginia.
By this time Leah was expecting their first child and her parents felt strongly that in her condition she should not make such an arduous trip across the ocean. They felt it would be too exhausting for her and dangerous for the unborn child. It was decided that Sam would travel alone, set up a home in Norfolk and a few months after the child was born, Leah would come with the infant.
The newspapers and media at the time were ablaze with the news of the opulent, gigantic ocean liner, the Titanic, that was to make its historic maiden voyage from Southampton, England to New York City, in April of 1912. The White Star Line, the Flagship Company of the Titanic, confidently claimed that their luxury liner was safe, sturdy and even majestic.
On April 10, Mrs. Leah Aks and her baby, with 912 other passengers, boarded the ship in Southampton, England, accompanied by hoopla, fanfare and ceremony. Leah and her infant were in steerage, the third class cabin, with many other immigrants to America. The high society wealthy people were in the luxurious first class cabins. More passengers boarded at other ports before the Titanic crossed the ocean.
Four days later, shortly before midnight on April 14, as the ship was 95 miles south of the Grand Banks in Newfoundland, it sideswiped and crashed into an iceberg that towered a hundred feet over the deck...
Twenty minutes later, after consulting with the ship’s designer, Thomas Andrews, Captain Edward Smith realized that the ship would sink within two hours. Everyone on board would lose their lives unless they could get on lifeboats and be rescued by passing ships.
Thrown Overboard
Incredibly, there were not enough spaces in the lifeboats for everyone. Though there were 2200 passengers and crew on board, there was room for only 1178 on the lifeboats. More than a thousand people would surely die! One is astounded at the negligence of not being prepared for disaster. As the boat began tilting there was panic and pandemonium. The captain and crew ordered that women and children would be saved first.
In the third class cabin, women were ordered to the front and men to the rear. Leah Aks held her son Frank Philip (Ephraim Fishel), in her arms and tried to get out onto the deck, but the gate in front of the cabin jammed and no one could get out. She stood pressed against the gate, screaming for help. A sailor saw her with her baby in her arms and he reached over the gate and lifted her and the child out, so that she could run to the deck where women and children were being put into lifeboats. (Most of the people in the third class cabin could not get out and 75% of them drowned. The first class cabin fared better, as only 40% died).
Leah ran up to the deck with her child and waited by the railing, trying to get on line to be rescued. It was frighteningly cold. People were shoving and pushing frantically trying to get onto lifeboats. Meanwhile down below, water poured thunderously through the gaping holes, flooding the bottom of the ship.
As Leah stood on the deck, one if the wealthiest women on board, Lady Madeleine Astor, saw her and the baby huddled against the cold. Lady Astor, who was expecting a child, removed her beautiful eight-foot shawl and gave it to Leah saying, “Here wrap your baby, it’s so cold out here.” Her teeth chattering, Leah thanked her profusely.
During this time, a man had pushed onto a lifeboat that was about to be lowered into the water. When cabin stewards saw him, they forced him out of the boat and pulled him back on deck, yelling that women and children were being rescued first. Somehow this man managed to get onto another lifeboat and once again the stewards saw him and forced him off the lifeboat, fighting with him, as they insisted that women and children were being given priority.
Back on the deck, the man saw Leah standing there with her baby now wrapped in the shawl. He was enraged. His eyes were wild as he stalked back and forth consumed by anger and frustration. In a demented moment of madness he ran towards Leah and screamed, “You think women are first! You think children are first! I’ll show you,” and he grabbed the infant from Leah’s arms and threw him overboard!
Leah shrieked in horror and cried out for her child. Men on board lunged at this maniac but the deed had been done. People were yelling and screaming "• but now it was Leah’s turn to get on a lifeboat. “I won’t go without my baby,” she cried. But the officers told her she had to save her own life. There was no point in staying on the sinking ship. The women around her tried to console her, but Leah cried hysterically as she was placed on the lifeboat and lowered into the water.
The lifeboats drifted for three hours until the Cunard liner, the Carpathia, came and rescued those who were fortunate enough to get off the Titanic. Only 705 were saved, 1523 people died.
Solomonic Decision
Two days later, the grief-stricken Leah Aks was walking on the deck of the Carpathia when she saw a woman holding a child. The child lunged towards Leah. She recognized him. Leah screamed, “That’s my baby! That’s my child!”
The woman holding the child, Mrs. Elizabeth Ramell Nye, was dressed in a long black dress. “No it’s not,” she insisted. “This child was entrusted to me!” (Others contend the woman was possibly Aryene del Carlo from Italy.)
A wild argument ensued and Mrs. Nye claimed that while she was in the lifeboat, a child came flying into her waiting arms. To her that was a sign from Heaven that she had to care for the child the rest of her life.
People took sides in the argument. Soon the captain of the Carpathia, Arthur H. Rostron, was called to decide the issue. Leah was crying hysterically while Mrs. Nye was insisting her position. She would not be denied this child.
When Captain Rostron arrived and heard the points of the argument, he told both women to come with the child to his quarters where he could reflect and decide the matter.
In the captain’s quarters, Leah suddenly called out, “I can prove this is my child.” The 18-year-old Leah spoke firmly and with certainty, “I am Jewish and my son was circumcised!” In Europe at that time, only Jewish children were circumcised.
When Captain Rostron saw that indeed the child had had a bris, ten-month-old Ephraim Fishel was reunited with his mother. Eventually the Carpathia brought all the survivors to New York.
Frank Philip Aks was raised in his rightful Jewish home. Eventually he married and had children and grandchildren. Frank passed away in 1991 at the age of 80. His wife, Marie, recently told me that as a youngster he would walk for miles on Shabbat to daven in the Orthodox shul in Norfolk, known as the Cumberland Street Shul.
After the traumatic events of the ill-fated journey, Leah was so grateful to Captain Rostron and his crew that years later when she had a daughter she named her Sarah Carpathia Aks. Incredibly there was some confusion among the hospital secretaries and they recorded her name on her birth certificate as Sarah Titanic Aks!
Marked for Eternity
When I told this story to Rabbi Dovid Cohen of Brooklyn, he showed me the following Midrash (Bereishis Rabbah 42:8 and 44:7).
When God told Abraham to circumcise himself, Abraham consulted with three of his friends and confidants, Aner, Eshkol and Mamrei.
Aner said, "You are [nearly] 100 years old, will you now risk your life by inflicting such pain to yourself?" Eshkol said, "Would you dare [put such an indelible] mark on yourself [and thereby look obviously different] from all your enemies? [That alone could be life threatening.]"
Mamrei was the only one who encouraged Abraham to have faith in God and follow His direction.
Said Rabbi Cohen: "Isn't it noteworthy, that the mark that Eshkol thought would bring scorn on Abraham and even endanger his life, was just the mark that reunited this child with his mother and saved him, so that he would be raised with his family as a Jewish child?
Reprinted with permission from "Reflections of the Maggid (
This article can be read on-line at:
Author Biography:
Rabbi Paysach J. Krohn is a fifth generation Mohel in New York. He has authored "Bris Milah" and a series of five "MAGGID" books, collections of inspirational Jewish short stories and parables. He can be reached at
(718) 846-6900 or via e-mail at

Hallel in Schul on Seder Night By Rabbi Yirmiyohu Kaganoff

Question #1: When I visit Eretz Yisroel, I notice that even Nusach Ashkenaz shullen recite Hallel on the first night of Pesach. Should I be reciting Hallel with them when my family custom is not to?

Question #2: Should a woman whose husband recites Hallel in shul on Seder night recite Hallel with a bracha before the Seder?

Question #3: When I was in Eretz Yisroel for Pesach, I davened maariv the second day of Pesach with a chutz la’aretz Nusach Ashkenaz minyan, but none of us knew whether to recite Hallel. What should we have done?

Hallel is our unique praise to Hashem that is reserved for special occasions. Whenever the Jews survived a crisis, they responded by singing Hallel. Thus we sang Hallel after crossing the Yam Suf and again after Yehoshua defeated the allied kings of Canaan. Devorah and Barak sang Hallel when their small force defeated the mighty army of Sisra; the Jews sang this praise when the huge army of Sancheiriv fled from Yerushalayim and when Hashem saved them from Haman’s evil decrees. Chananyah, Mishael, and Azaryah sang Hallel after surviving Nevuchadnetzar’s fiery furnace. After each of these events, Jews recited Hallel to thank Hashem for their miraculous salvation (Pesachim 117a, as explained by Rashi; cf. Rashbam ad loc.).

Before addressing the above questions, let us clarify the five different ways we recite Hallel during Pesach.


I. Thanking Hashem while performing mitzvos

In the Beis HaMikdash, the Jews sang Hallel while offering the korban pesach on Erev Pesach (Mishnah Pesachim 64a, 95a; Gemara 117a) and then again during the festive meal when they ate it that night. To quote the immortal words of the Gemara, “Could it possibly be that the Jews would offer their korban pesach without reciting Hallel?”

The Jews sang Hallel at the Seder with such fervor that a new expression was coined, “The kezayis of Pesach and the Hallel split the roof.” It is unlikely that people needed to hire roofers to repair the damage after Pesach; this statement reflects the zeal of the experience. As Chazal teach, we should sing every Hallel with ecstatic feeling and melody (Mesechta Sofrim 20:9).

The Hallel recited while offering and consuming the korban pesach is inspired by the fervor of the event. Similarly, some have the custom of reciting Hallel while baking matzos on Erev Pesach to remember the arousing passion of singing Hallel while offering korban pesach. Unfortunately, as we have no korban pesach with which to ignite this enthusiasm, we substitute the experience of baking the matzos.

II. Part of the evening davening

In the times of Chazal (Mesechta Sofrim 20:9; Yerushalmi Berachos 1:5), the Jews recited Hallel immediately after maariv in shul on Seder night, a practice continued by Nusach Sefard and in Eretz Yisroel. I will soon discuss the different reasons for this practice.

III. During the Seder

We sing Hallel as part of the Seder. This Hallel is different from the regular Hallel in the following ways:

We divide this Hallel into two parts, separating the two parts with the festive Yom Tov meal. We sing the first part as the conclusion of the Maggid part of the Seder, as we describe the ecstasy of the Exodus while holding a cup of wine in celebration. The bracha, Asher Ga’alanu, is recited after these preliminary paragraphs of the Hallel, immediately followed by a bracha upon the second cup of wine. (Sefardim do not recite a bracha on this cup of wine.)

Following the birchas hamazon after the meal, which concludes with the third cup of wine, we pour a fourth cup of wine and hold it while reciting the rest of Hallel. Upon completing Hallel, we recite Chapter 136 of Tehillim, Nishmas, a bracha to conclude the Hallel (there are different opinions which bracha to recite), a bracha upon the wine (Sefardim do not recite a bracha on this cup of wine either), and then drink the cup of wine as the last of the four kosos.

Another difference between Hallel on Seder night and Hallel during the year is that we sit for Hallel at the Seder. Halacha requires that one give testimony standing, and when we recite Hallel we testify that Hashem performed wonders for us. Furthermore, the pasuk in Hallel declares, “Sing praise, servants of Hashem who are standing” (Tehillim 135:1-2), implying that this is the appropriate way to praise. However, at  the Seder we sit because the Hallel is part of the meal and is recited while holding a cup of wine, which is not conducive to standing; furthermore, sitting demonstrates that we are free from bondage (Shibbolei HaLeket #173).

Reciting Hallel during the Seder commemorates singing Hallel while eating the korban pesach (Mishnah Pesachim 95a). Unfortunately, we have no korban pesach, so we must substitute the Yom Tov meal and the matzos.

IV. After Shacharis on the first day(s) of Pesach

We recite the full Hallel immediately following shmoneh esrei on the first day(s) of Pesach to fulfill the mitzvah of reciting Hallel on days that are either Yom Tov or commemorate a miracle. These days include Chanukah, Sukkos, Shavuos, and the first day(s) of Pesach (Arachin 10a). This Hallel can only be recited during daytime hours, which the Gemara (Megillah 20b) derives from the verse, from the rising of the sun until it sets, Hashem’s name shall be praised (Tehillim 113:3).

V. After Shacharis on the other days of Pesach

We recite Hallel with parts deleted (colloquially referred to as half Hallel) immediately following shmoneh esrei on the other days of Pesach. This reading is not part of the original takanah to recite Hallel on Yomim Tovim, but is a custom introduced later, similar to the recitation of Hallel on Rosh Chodesh. Thus the poskim dispute whether one recites a bracha prior to reciting this Hallel. Rambam (Hilchos Chanukah 3:7) rules that one does not recite a bracha, and this is the prevalent custom among the Sefardim and Edot HaMizrach in Eretz Yisrael (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 422:2). Tosafos (Taanis 28b), however, rules that one may recite a bracha on Hallel on Rosh Chodesh and the last days of Pesach, and this is the universal practice among Ashkenazim.

Why do we recite the full Hallel every day of Sukkos, bur only on the first day of Pesach? The Gemara gives a surprising answer to this question. We recite full Hallel every day of Sukkos since each has different korban requirements in the Beis HaMikdash; on Pesach, we do not recite full Hallel every day because the same korban was offered every day. The fact that a day is Yom Tov is insufficient reason to recite Hallel; there must also be something original about that particular day’s celebration. Thus, although the Seventh (and Eighth) day of Pesach is Yom Tov, full Hallel is omitted.

The Midrash presents a different explanation why full Hallel is not recited on Pesach -- we should not recite it at a time that commemorates human suffering, even of the evil, since this was the day that the Egyptians drowned in the Yam Suf (quoted by Shibbolei HaLeket #174).

Now that we have a basic background to the five types of Hallel, we can now discuss the Hallel we recite at the Seder. The Gemara’s list of dates that we recite Hallel only mentions reciting Hallel in the daytime. However, other sources in Chazal (Mesechta Sofrim 20:9; Tosefta Sukkah 3:2; Yerushalmi Sukkah 4:5) include Hallel of Seder night when mentioning the different days when we are required to recite Hallel. This leads us to an obvious question:


Since we recite Hallel at the Seder, should we not introduce it with a bracha? Although the universal practice today is to not recite a bracha before this Hallel, whether one recites a bracha on this Hallel is actually disputed. Here are three opinions:

1. One should recite a bracha twice; once before reciting the first part of Hallel before the meal and once before resuming Hallel after bensching (Tur Orach Chayim 473, quoting Ritzba and several others).

2. One should recite a bracha before beginning the first part of Hallel, notwithstanding the interruption in the middle of Hallel (Ran; Maharal).

3. One should not recite any bracha on Hallel at the Seder (Shu’t Ri MiGash #44; Rama; Bach).

Of course, this last opinion presents us with an interesting difficulty: If Chazal instituted reciting Hallel on Seder night, why does it not require a bracha beforehand?

I found three very different approaches to answer this question:

A. Some contend that, despite inferences to the contrary, Hallel on Seder night is not a mitzvah but only expresses our rejoicing (Shu’t Ri MiGash #44).

B. Alternatively, although there is a mitzvah Seder night to praise Hashem, this praise could be spontaneous and unstructured which would not technically require reciting the structured Hallel. Since no specific song or praise is required, Chazal did not require a bracha before singing Hallel (see Rav Hai Gaon’s opinion, as quoted by Ran, Pesachim Chapter 10).

C. Although Hallel Seder night should require a bracha, we cannot do so because we interrupt the recital of the Hallel with the meal (Tur Orach Chayim 473). This approach leads us to our next discussion:


In several places Chazal mention reciting Hallel in shul on the first night of Pesach. Why recite Hallel in shul, if we are going to recite it anyway as part of the Seder?

The Rishonim present us with several approaches to explain this practice.

A. In Chazal’s times, there were no siddurim and therefore the common people davened together with the chazzan or by listening to the chazzan’s prayer. (This is why the chazzan is called a shaliach tzibur, the emissary of the community, since he indeed prayed on behalf of many individuals.) On the days that we are required to recite Hallel, these people listened to the chazzan’s Hallel and responded appropriately and thereby fulfilled their mitzvah. However, how could they recite Hallel Seder night? They did so by reciting Hallel together with the chazzan in shul before coming home (see Gra, Orach Chayim 487).

B. A different approach contends that the community recited Hallel in shul the first night of Pesach in order to fulfill the mitzvah with a large group. Although one may recite Hallel by oneself, reciting it communally is a greater observance of the mitzvah.

Neither of these two approaches necessarily assumes that Hallel on Seder night requires a bracha. Indeed, the Chazon Ish recited Hallel in shul Seder night without reciting a bracha beforehand. There are congregations in Bnei Braq that follow this approach.

C. A third approach contends that the primary reason for reciting Hallel in shul is to recite a bracha beforehand. These poskim contend that Hallel at the Seder would require a bracha if it was not interrupted by the meal; to resolve this, Hallel is recited twice, once in shul with a bracha without interruption, and then a second time during the Seder. According to this opinion, Hallel Seder night fulfills two different purposes:

(1) We sing Hallel to Hashem as we do on all Yomim Tovim because of his miracles; on Seder night we sing Hallel at night because that is when we were redeemed.

(2) We praise Hashem while performing the mitzvos of Seder night – haggadah, matzah etc.

Although one could fulfill both of these mitzvos by reciting Hallel one time during the Seder, one would miss making a bracha. Therefore, Hallel is recited during davening so that it can be introduced with a bracha, and is sung again during the Seder so that it surrounds the mitzvos of the night. This is the prevalent practice of Sefardim, Chassidim, and the most common approach followed in Eretz Yisroel today (see Gra, Orach Chayim 487).

At this point, we can begin to discuss the questions we raised above:

Question #1: When I visit Eretz Yisroel, I notice that even the Nusach Ashkenaz shullen recite Hallel on the first night of Pesach. Should I be reciting Hallel with them when my family custom it not to?

Your custom follows the poskim that reciting Hallel Seder night does not require a bracha. You should preferably follow your own practice and not recite a bracha on the Hallel, but there is no reason why you cannot recite Hallel with them. Since you do not lose anything, have in mind to fulfill the bracha by listening to the chazzan’s bracha.

However, there is another halachic issue, which is that one should not do things in a way that could cause strife. Rav Moshe Feinstein (Igros Moshe, Orach Chayim 2:94) discusses a situation of someone in chutz la’aretz who does not recite Hallel in shul on Seder night, but davens in a Nusach Ashkenaz shul that does. The person asking the shaylah, a certain Reb Yitzchak, was apparently upset that his shul recited Hallel with a bracha on Seder night and wanted to create a commotion to change the practice. Rav Moshe forbids this and emphasizes that one should follow a path of shalom. Rav Moshe further demonstrates that if it is noticeable that Reb Yitzchak is omitting the bracha on Hallel, he must recite the bracha with them so that no machlokes results.

Question #2: Should a woman whose husband recites a bracha on Hallel in shul Seder night recite Hallel with a bracha before the Seder?

This takes us to a new question. Assuming that one’s husband recites Hallel with a bracha on the night of Pesach, should his wife also recite Hallel before the Seder with a bracha?


Are women required to recite Hallel?

Although Hallel is usually a time-bound mitzvah from which women are absolved (Mishnah Sukkah 38a), some poskim rule that women are obligated to recite Hallel on Chanukah and Pesach since this Hallel is recited because of miracles that benefited women (see Tosafos, Sukkah 38a s.v. Mi; Toras Refael, Orach Chayim #75). All agree that women are required to recite Hallel Seder night because women were also redeemed from Mitzrayim. Rav Ovadiah Yosef reasons that the wife or daughter of someone who recites a bracha before Hallel in shul on Seder night should also recite Hallel with a bracha before the Seder (Shu’t Yechavah Daas 5:34). However, the prevalent custom is not to.

Question #3: When I was in Eretz Yisroel for Pesach, I davened the second day of Pesach with a chutz la’aretz Nusach Ashkenaz minyan, but none of us knew whether we should recite Hallel. What should we have done?

Assuming that this minyan consisted of people who do not usually recite Hallel in shul on Pesach night, they did not need to recite Hallel, and certainly not a bracha on Hallel, in their minyan. Since they are only visiting Israel, and have not yet assumed residence there, they follow their own custom in their own minyan, and their custom is to not recite a bracha on Hallel Seder night.

Reciting Hallel with tremendous emotion and reliving Hashem’s miracles rekindles the cognizance of Hashem’s presence. The moments that we recite Hallel can encapsulate the most fervent experience of His closeness.
In the merit of joyously reciting Hallel, may we see the return of the Divine Presence to Yerushalayim and the rededication of the Beis HaMikdash, speedily in our days.

We usually blame men as refusers to give a Get but I have come across a number of cases where women refuse. Here is one such case:,7340,L-4636365,00.html

From Shaul via Rabbi A. L.  - Rabbi Ezriel Erlanger The Mashgiach of Mir Yeshiva Brooklyn spoke last night, March 12th, about Israel's Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's speech in the US Congress last week.

The Mashgiach said there is one side of people that are for and very much liked the Prime Minister's speech, hence relying and having Bitachon in Binyamin Netanyahu, his speech and the US Congress. This of course is not correct and not going in the ways of our Holy Torah.
There is the other side of people that claim and feel that the speech was not enough Jewish, it should have had more Pesukim, more Torah and the mention of Hashem. The Mashgiach also illuminates here, that this is not the point and not where we the Religious Jews, the Am HaTorah should be putting our focus.

The Mashgiach brings many proofs from Megilat Esther and stories from Purim as well as various sources in Gemara, Midrashim, The Vilna Gaon, The Brisker Rav and more, to prove that this is not the point that we should focus on. The Prime Minister did his job, right, wrong or indifferent, but the next step is we Am Yisrael have to do our part. We have to strengthen our selves in Torah Learning, Emunah and the fulfilling of the Mitzvot.

HaGaon Posek Hador Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Wosner - The Shevet Halevi has been admitted to Mayanei HaYeshua Hospital in Bnei Brak from right after Purim. The Gadol Hador has pneumonia and is connected to mechanical assisted ventilation. Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Wosner is a talmid of the famed Rabbi Meir Shapiro, father and founder of the Daf Yomi. Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Wosner was also extremely close with the Saintly and Holy Chazon Ish. He needs our prayers for a Refuah Shelamah. Please pray for Rabbi Shmuel Halevi ben Rochel.
Over 100 hundred years ago, in the very beginning of the 1900’s, there was a young girl, with the last name of Shiff, who had a most beautiful and amazing voice. Her talents were nothing short of professional. She was the talk of all those that knew her. For a religious Frum girl in Vienna, Austria, coming from a traditional Torah home, professional singing was not an option.
News spread of her amazing and potential talent to a famous agent, who offered this young potential star, a very lucrative opportunity and career. Thrilled, she decided to discuss the matter with her parents. When the parents heard about this terrible news, they agreed they will do all within their power, to not allow it to be. The young girl refused to listen to her parents. Her father then took his daughter to their Rav, Rabbi Shlomo Baumgarten, who tried to convince the girl to abandon this career. Reb Shlomo, sensing that he had not swayed her, suggested that they go to Rabbi Yitzchak Meir - The Kapichinitzer Rebbe, who was in Vienna at the time. Immediately, the father went with his daughter to see the Rebbe.
Upon arrival, the frantic father poured out his heart to the Rebbe. The Rebbe then spoke with the girl. “Tell me, my dear Jewish daughter, why do you want so badly to go into this line of work?”
The girl answered honestly. “It is because of the fame that I will find. I’ll be known throughout the world.”
The Rebbe closed his eyes, deep in thought, contemplating the aspirations the girl had just expressed. After a few moments, the Rebbe opened his eyes and began to speak.
“Listen closely, my dear daughter. It is the dream of every young Jewish woman to be blessed with a child who will illuminate the world through his Torah learning. I give you my promise that if you now sacrifice your chance at fame, there will come a time when you will be blessed with a child who will light up the world. He will become the one of the Greatest Halachic authorities of his time, a Posek Hador. Your fame will come, but it will be through him, your son.”
The young girl wiped away her tears and thought deeply about the magnanimous promise the Rebbe had just made to her. She was a fine, young Jewish girl and so, after considering the offer, she accepted the Rebbe’s proposition.
Rabbi Don Segal found this most earth shattering and amazing story if the Sefer Kehilos of Austria and decided to pursue the rest of the story. Rabbi Segal discovered that this girl eventually got married and had a son by the name of Shmuel. This Shmuel grew up to be, none other than, Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Wosner, author of Shevet Halevi, the Av Bet Din of Zichron Meir Bnei Brak and a Posek Hador. Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Wosner Halachic opinions are sought out by Jews worldwide.
Incidentally, Beli Ayin Hara, Baruch Hashem, on Thursday August 8, 2013, Rabbi Wosner celebrated his 100th Birthday. On this momentous day, Rabbi Wosner maintained his regular daily learning schedule. He made a L’Chaim with his family members to thank Hashem for All His great kindness. May Hashem grant Rabbi Wosner 120 years in full health and strength. AMEN
When Rabbi Don Segal approached Rabbi Shmuel Halevi Wosner to question the validity of the story, Rabbi Wosner became very emotional and with tears in his eyes replied, “It all makes sense now. When I was young, my mother always encouraged me to learn well and be an ehrliche Yid. She always said, ‘You cannot imagine what I sacrificed for you.’”

Inyanay Diyoma

Israeli Election Results an Analysis

I am happy even though my candidates did not get in. It was a victory for the national of Israel. The big loser is Obama as the Israeli people were not convinced by the millions he poured not the campaign I have to run to morning prayers in a few minutes. This time Netanyahu has a right wing government of 68 with no hidden lefties inside. As for some of the members of my party they will find jobs or a pathway into Aguda or the Biet HaYehudi in secure places in the next election. Bennett had too much visions of grandeur but the Likud owes him one for his help. If we combine Kachlon with Israel our Home and the Likud that is 46 mandates which is close to what Begin and Sharon got but split into smaller parties. It seems that the smaller parties give people more of a vote and a group where to place their principles. As for the left and the anti-religious center they are in shambles with nothing to do.

Another 'Truman' Morning! June 1996

By Emanuel A. Winston  Middle East Analyst & Commentator

     In the 1948 American presidential elections, the media produced headlines pronouncing Thomas Dewey victor and announcing the defeat of President Harry Truman. Life Magazine immortalizes the 'moment' of the morning after with a victorious Harry Truman holding aloft the papers with the headline: "Dewey Wins".
     So, too, on the night of Israel's 1996 elections, we saw the media, particularly CNN, reveling in the false illusion that the exit polls showed Shimon Peres with a 10 point lead over his opponent, Bibi Netanyahu. The Left-leaning media were once again engaged in trying to tilt the Israeli elections - even as the voting was still in process. Peres was their man. Wishful thinking (and manipulating) was the order of the day. But, the morning after, Netanyahu is leading and Peres has lost. Labor with 34 and Meretz with 9 together lost 13 seats! Likud has 32.
     For the last 6 months the media, both in Israel and America, have not tried to report the news regarding Peres and Netanyahu. Instead they have engaged in making the news as if they were employed by the Peres/Labor/Meretz bloc. Netanyahu was always cast as the man against peace even as the number of terrorist killings rose along with the fear of the suicide bomber. All ethics of the media profession were cast aside and the fourth estate (the Media) engaged in character assassination and false characterization of Netanyahu.
     The media refused to lay a critical glove on Peres although his reputation as a lying politician advanced before him (like Pinocchio's nose) as each lie was uncovered. Peres engaged in illegal and dangerous negotiations, refusing to share his dishonest and secret concessions of land, water and holy sites either in the Knesset or to the Israeli people. Will there be a shredding of 'secret' papers and erasing of computer memory? One worries about what dangerous withdrawals Peres may yet undertake as lame duck Prime Minister. Hebron is definitely at risk of abandonment by the Peres government while he still holds the power.
     Shimon Peres was the darling of the Leftist Press. The more he gave away - the more vulnerable he made the nation - the more he acted the handwringing ghetto Jew, the louder he was applauded by the Press. We watched them moan the loss of their idol as the election results moved inexorably from a Peres/Labor victory to a Netanyahu/Likud/Religious parties' triumph. The American media is implying that this is a terrible tragedy. The biased media working directly for Peres/Labor failed in their attempt to tilt the balance - even though 2 hours before the polls closed they broadcast on television especially to the Arabs urging them to vote.
    Labor Knesset members walked door to door in Arab villages pleading for votes.
     All Mosques in Arab villages called for voting. This explains why, in the last 2 hours of balloting, the Arab vote rose by 20%. The Arab lists increased their Knesset seats from 5 to 9. However, tens of thousands of Israeli-Arabs placed blank slips in their envelopes for Prime Minister.
     If one discounts the Arab vote, this was a landslide victory of Jews voting for a strong, Jewish state. Netanyahu is leading by 11% in the Jewish vote. The last days saw desperate Laborites with great viciousness accusing Chabad of racism because of their banners that Jews should vote for Netanyahu because he is good for the Jews. Israel was created to be a good home for the Jews of the world. Why shouldn't the leader of a Jewish State be proud to be good for the Jews? This in no way implies that minorities would not be accorded their full civil rights.
     The Arabs have no democratic rights in the 22 Arab states as they do in Israel. When he thought that Peres had won, Minister Uzi Baram said: "A great thank you to all of the Arab voters!" The Israeli Arabs boasted that they would pick Israel's Prime Minister. They told reporters: "Never will we allow the Jewish Nationalist camp to return to power." However, all democracies require a loyalty oath as a basis for citizenship. Perhaps it is time for such a law.
     Interestingly, 30,000 Christian Arabs voted for Netanyahu. The fears of a secret, planned IDF withdrawal, as reported by Colonel Barakat of the South Lebanese Army, caused many Christian Arabs to experience the "Lebanon Syndrome". In pre-election polls, Netanyahu scored almost 90% among those Christians such as the Maronites, Assyrians, and Copts whose people suffer greatly from Islamic oppression in their countries of origin.
     Sadly, the same cruel nations who sided with Hitler (both Axis and Allies) also conspired to fulfill the Arab dream of a vulnerable, crushable Israel, by applauding their creature../...Shimon Peres. President Bill Clinton engaged in unusual and undiplomatic interference in the electoral processes of a fellow democracy by urging Israelis to vote for Peres's Peace - falsely insinuating that Netanyahu is against peace.
     Despite the manipulations of media, Labor, Meretz, the Arabs, Clinton, the Europeans, et al, the Israeli people's voices came through loud and clear. Bibi Netanyahu came up to win from a low of minus 30%. Labor lost 10 seats and the religious parties gained 10, almost doubling their seats to an unprecedented 25 Members. Including those in other parties, there will be approximately 30 Orthodox Members in the 14th Knesset - 25% of the whole. Apparently, many non-Orthodox Israelis voted for the religious parties, probably because they correctly perceived that Israel's government and society was moving dangerously away from its Jewish and Zionist values and education.
     Thursday was, indeed, a "Truman Morning" as the Press and the Nations who poured so much valuable assistance into the Labor/Peres's campaign now sulk in ineffectual fury.
The current forecast with 100% of the population reporting: Likud 30, Labor-Zionists 24, Arabs 13, there is a Future 11, Kachlon 10, National Union 8, Shass 7, United Torah 6, Yisrael our Home 6, and squeaking through the Socialist Meretz Party 5. Why the Likud won see:

Where the soldiers stand in the elections. Eli Yeshai fell less than 10,000 votes short and caught a lot of ballot stuffing all over the country he is more upset by that than his personal loss:,7340,L-4638923,00.html

From Gail: Op-Ed: Why Does the Arab World Long for Labor to Win? Dr. Mordechai Kedar

Honest disclosure I: I have been acquainted with the Herzog family for decades, ever since I was a child, and at various points in my life I crossed paths with all three Herzog brothers, Joel, Brigadier General (Res.) Michael and MK Yitzchak.  I have always held this aristocratic family in great esteem for their generosity, deportment, intelligence and erudition, as sons of Israel's late sixth president Chaim Herzog and grandchildren of the late Chief Rabbi Yitzchak Isaac Halevi  Herzog.  Ambassador Abba Eban, a significant political and cultural figure on his own, was their uncle. An aristocratic family in the deepest sense of the word.
Honest disclosure II: During the second half of the nineties, once I had finished my army service, I was active in the "Paths to Peace" organization, the younger and religious brother of "Peace Now". I gave peace a chance the European way, but our Arab neighbors disappointed us.
Honest disclosure III:  At various times, I have suggested a Middle East peace plan for us and our neighbors, "The Eight Palestinian Emirates Plan". I am openly against the establishment of a Palestinian state in Judea and Samaria, one that will without doubt turn into another Hamastan and lead inevitably to the next war.
Honest disclosure IV: I openly support the Jewish Home party's list.
Let us start with the head of the Labor party, Yitzchak Herzog:
Years of research spent studying Arab discourse, media and culture - in the original Arabic - have led me to the incontrovertible conclusion that most of the Arab population hopes the day will come when Herzog is prime minister of Israel, for that day - at least according to the viewpoint of most Arabs -  is the beginning of the end of the state of Israel .The reason is simple: Herzog is seen as a person of weak character, unimpressive and spineless. He did not serve as a combat officer and was, instead, an officer in my unit, 8200, which is made up of brilliant nerds with the obligatory round-framed eyeglasses.
Herzog's gentle way of speaking and the non-confrontational terminology he uses, those that make him attractive to Israelis who want to think like Europeans and Americans, have convinced the Arab world that Herzog is the only way to soften Israel enough to step all over it and turn it into a dishrag that can be wrung into oblivion.
The Middle East's agenda is set by stereotypes and images, and the image Herzog projects is so weak that any threats Israel might pronounce would be met with derision.     The distance from that derision to all-out war is a short one.
In the Middle East, anyone who proclaims non-stop that he wants peace, projects the image of someone who is afraid of war because he is weak, thereby awakening the militaristic adrenaline glands of his neighbors, who then resemble nothing so much as eagles and vultures hovering over a dying cow.
And the opposite is just as true: anyone who radiates power, strength, threat and danger enjoys comparative tranquility because the bullies leave him alone. This is the reason the Arabs hated and respected Ariel Sharon and Moshe Dayan – they were afraid of them. Sadat made peace with Israel because he could not defeat the Jewish state despite the surprise factor he had in opening the Yom Kippur War and his early success in crossing the Suez Canal.  Hussein also made peace with Israel, hoping it would use its power to help him face the Baath party of Syria and Iraq. Arafat agreed to a hudabiyya*** peace - that is, a temporary "peace" for as long as the enemy is too strong to defeat – after the failure of the first intifada.
Yitzchak Herzog at the helm of the government is the sweetest dream the Arab world can imagine, because it is proof that Israeli society is tired, exhausted, lacking the motivation to protect the country and ready to pay any price for a paper  that has the word "peace" written on it.  Herzog at the helm of the government will be subject to pressures from the Arab world – and from Obama's White House - because he creates the impression that "this time it will work", or shall I say, "Yes, we can".  
The pressures he will undergo will be much greater than those exerted on Netanyahu, because the White House and the Arab world will sense that his days as Prime Minister are numbered and therefore, they must make every effort to squeeze as much out of him as they can for the short period that Israelis will let him function before waking up to realize the imminent catastrophe and removing him from his seat as they did to Ehud Barak when he gave in to Arafat.
Yitzchak Herzog may bring about harmonious relations with the White House and perhaps even with the angst-consumed leaders of Europe, but he will bring a war of blood, fire and tears to the area called the Middle East where only those who are truly powerful, threatening and determined to deter their enemies survive.
Let us continue with MK Tzipi Livni, Herzog's rotation partner in what the two self-titled "The Zionist Camp":
Tzipi is the other aspect of the sweet dreams of the Arab world, a woman born and raised in a courageous Revisionist family, a home filled with healthy and strong Zionist principles. She began her political career in the Likud, but became more and more spineless, deteriorating from party to party, until she joined up with the other leading invertebrate, Yitzchak Herzog.
To the Arab world, Livni symbolizes and represents the dispirited and weary Israeli, those who have had enough of the struggle for survival and are willing to offer their necks to the slaughterer hoping that he will butcher them gently if they speak politely.
The internet tells us that in the eighties, Livni was actually a Mossad agent in Europe, and several Arab websites tell of the "special services" she did for the state of Israel. These services are understood in the West as undercover and secret, but in the Middle East the expression is interpreted in a totally different fashion. We can imagine how they will react on the web in the Arab world and what our image will be if she becomes prime minister.
However, the problem with Tzipi Livni is not just about her image, because in her case, our neighbors have proof that Livni hasn't the foggiest idea of how to navigate the complex, thorny paths of the Middle East: she was Foreign Minister during the Second Lebanon War, and was the Israeli architect of Security Council Resolution 1701 that allowed the Hezbollah – already clear in the phrasing she espoused – to renew and enlarge its rocket arsenal. I would expect someone with a law degree to comprehend the built-in failure in the way the resolution was phrased, but Tzipi Livni did not even reach this minimal legal test. Is there anyone in his right mind who would hire her to prepare a contract for renting out his apartment?
What is strange is that instead of being ashamed and keeping her mouth shut, Livni even defended Resolution 1701 in public, strangely calling it a resolution that "created change in southern Lebanon".
Only in Israel do the spineless have the nerve to ask the public for another chance to sit for the Middle East exam which they are sure to fail once again.
            She is right about one thing. It surely did create change in southern Lebanon, but one that is bad for Israel. Instead of demilitarizing Hezbollah – which many countries agreed was necessary after the Second Lebanon War – this resolution allowed Hezbollah to rearm. Livni's failure in phrasing the resolution and its implementation should have left her far away from any Israeli decision making positions, and certainly from those that have anything to do with our geopolitical reality.
Only in Israel does the public's collective memory go only as far back as the last television debate, the slogan heard yesterday and the latest spin a candidate spread this morning at the advice of his media consultants because it is popular and easy to recall.
Not one of the soul weary people – those who talk non-stop about "peace" – can deal in a suitable manner with the cruel and difficult cultural environment in our neighborhood, one which, in the best case, will kick him in the rear as a warning before plunging a dagger into his neck.
The Herzog-Livni duo is the last thing I would recommend to lead the state of Israel, as long as we want to survive in the "New Middle East" – not the Shimon Peres fantasy world of that name, but the one where what is new is "Islamic State". Perhaps, in the far-off future, when and if the surrounding cultural atmosphere turns into something like America or what it was once in Europe, we will be able to consider these two soul weary people as leaders of Israel.
However, while the Middle East looks the way it does and functions the way it does at present, there is no choice except to leave them nailed to their seats in the opposition consisting of other spineless "round eyeglasses" so they can raise shrill voices to criticize the nation's leaders, while those leaders radiate power, strength and credible threats.
This is the bitter reality in which we attempt to survive. I am not the one who created it, and I bear no guilt for the situation we are in. I am just the messenger who is charged with explaining to my readers what not everyone understands about the culture in our neighborhood. It is a culture that only provides quiet and tranquility to the leader who succeeds in persuading his neighbors that he is invincible and that they had better leave him in peace for their own good. 
This is an ongoing mission, especially since every once in a  while some "brilliant" figures appear, claiming to have just patented their invention of the wheel  and found the way to be accepted by our neighbors as a legitimate and welcome entity.
My advice? Learn Arabic.
Dr. Mordechai Kedar is a senior lecturer in the Department of Arabic at Bar-Ilan University. He served in IDF Military Intelligence for 25 years, specializing in Arab political discourse, Arab mass media, Islamic groups and the Syrian domestic arena. Thoroughly familiar with Arab media in real time, he is frequently interviewed on the various news programs in Israel.
Written in Hebrew for Arutz Sheva, translated by Rochel Sylvetsky. 
*** PLEASE READ “Why Pretend? Read The Hudabaiya Treaty” – on the Front Page & in Articles.

Expert says that Hezballah, ISIS and others will test Herzog for fortitude if he is elected:

Pardon my blooper: In TV Confrontation, PM Accuses Herzog, Livni of Backstabbing By Gil Ronen Prime Minister blasts Labor leader for weakness in the face of international pressure in TV confrontation, Herzog says PM is the weak one. Arutz Sheva  First Publish: 3/14/2015, 9:17 PM 
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu accused Labor leader Yitzhak Herzog of weakness in a short, three-minute live televised confrontation Saturday evening on Channel 2.
Netanyahu, who was not in the studio and was seen on a screen, asked Herzog why he and Tzipi Livni spoke out against Israel's construction in Jewish neighborhoods in Jerusalem a few months ago, and why they refuse to support the security efforts by Netanyahu's government, on Iran's nuclear weapons program and other issues. “They don't voice support. They are always stabbing, and refuse to stand behind the efforts we are leading... They are always finding excuses not to support,” he accused.
Netanyahu asked: "If Jews may not build in Jerusalem, where may they build?”
Herzog retorted that “Israel's security is dear to our hearts, more than anything else. We knew how to safeguard it and I will know how to safeguard it.” He added that Netanyahu is the one who is placing Jerusalem on the chopping block, through his policies.
Netanyahu fired back that Herzog and Livni's “real policy" is "to surrender to every dictate.”
"Someone in the international community demands something? They immediately bow their heads and say OK, we'll fold, we'll retreat. Because they are unable to really make a stand and take a real stand on our vital interests," he accused. 
Herzog and Livni are good at "talking and boasting," he added.
Herzog replied: "The international community knows that you are weak and does not accept your positions, and the Palestinians "turn to the international community because they identify your weakness." Netanyahu spoke at the same time but his microphone's volume was turned down in a way that made his words hard to discern. 
Netanyahu has refused to conduct a televised debate with Herzog unless Herzog's running mate, Tzipi Livni, also takes part. Herzog does not want Livni to take part, even though the two have a rotation agreement. 
At one point in the short confrontation, Herzog said that he will "keep Netanyahu united," exchanging the prime minister's name with that of the capital. Herzog did not notice his mistake, and Netanyahu reacted with a broad grin.

The new terror threat is our advancing technology. People and terrorist are buying drones. There are laws against peeping Toms (Baba Basra defines it as NESSEK RE’AH NEKRA NESSEK or damages of sight invasion of privacy is called damage.) However, while google and other companies want drones to make delivers which would be ideal in a world of utopia, the ability of the Mafia to deliver drugs, explosive devises, assassins and terrorists is unlimited. We have seen drunk pilots and those uneducated boors at the TSA looking at human bodies in the scanners and joking or getting their thrills so giving these instruments to people who go through a security check up is not really. Or technology has gotten us in some ways to the level of the science fiction film of the early 1950’s called “Forbidden Planet” in which the evil within the users of the technology destroy the planet.–-Toy-Drones-–-Has-No-Counter-Measures

Amalek – They must be destroyed and the Government of Israel, GOI, has not destroyed them! When you vote let us make sure we get a Kosher GOI and not the garbage we have now.

Revealed the horrors of a hatchet attack in indictment:

Blaring behavior by the Obama Administration and the State Dept.

From Dr. Harry: A group that is working to influence the Israeli elections is currently receiving funding from the U.S. Department of State, according to public records and statements from the organization.

The Abraham Fund Initiatives, which is leading an effort to increase Arab voter turnout for the elections on Tuesday, received a $98,000 grant from the State Department’s Middle East Partnership Initiative in September, the group said on Tuesday. The grant is funded through December 2015.

The State Department’s funding process came under scrutiny in January, after the Free Beacon reported that the nonprofit group OneVoice—which is involved in a similar initiative to increase voter turnout among left-leaning voters—had received grants from the agency. The OneVoice grant ended at the end of November, before the Israeli elections were announced, according to the State Department.

However, a bipartisan Senate committee is currently investigating whether any of the government funding received by OneVoice was later used for election-related activities.

Aaron Klein, an Israeli journalist, first reported on the Abraham Fund’s Arab get-out-the-vote initiative last week, and noted that the group had received State Department funding in the past. That prior grant for $999,000 expired in 2013.

Arab-Israeli voters traditionally oppose right-leaning parties, such as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud. The Arab-Israeli community is expected to play a large role in Tuesday’s election, after its four main representative parties merged in January.

Last month, the Free Beacon reported on a private memo drafted in December by the nonprofit Ameinu, which outlined a plan for a coalition of groups to help increase Arab voter turnout in Israel.

Ameinu said in the memo that it was consulting with President Obama’s 2012 reelection team on the initiative. Obama’s former campaign aides, including the strategist Jeremy Bird, have been assisting an anti-Netanyahu voter drive led by V15 and OneVoice, Haaretz first reported.

The Ameinu proposal is strikingly similar to the Abraham Initiative’s “Broad-Based Action Plan to Increase the Participation of Arab Citizens in upcoming Elections for Knesset,” which it recently published on its website.

The Abraham Fund plan includes targeted polling, grassroots organizing, engagement with political leaders and celebrities, and other election-related activities.

The Abraham Fund’s current State Department grant, which began on Sept. 30, 2014, is for its youth civics and career training program. According to the Abraham Fund’s election action plan, 20 of the participants in its “young political leaders” program have been working on its get-out-the-vote operation.

Amnon Be’eri-Sulitzeanu, the Abraham Fund’s co-executive director in Israel, said the current State Department grant is not being used for the election efforts. He said the funding “is directed for vocational training and preparation for integration into the workforce among Israeli Arab citizens at the age of 18 to 22.”

Be’eri-Sulitzeanu said the group has not discussed its voter initiative with the State Department or officials at the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv.He said the group previously received two grants from the U.S. government for teaching Arabic language and teaching multiculturalism to Israeli police, both of which expired several years ago.

The Free Beacon reported last month that Givat Haviva, another progressive group working to increase Arab-Israeli voter participation, met with top officials at the U.S. embassy in Tel Aviv in late January. The State Department also expedited visas for a delegation of Arab-Israeli mayors organized by Givat Haviva, which traveled to the U.S. last month to learn political organizing techniques.

Givat Haviva was scheduled to meet with officials at the State Department during the trip, but the meeting was canceled at the last minute, according to one of the delegation’s organizers.

The State Department did not immediately respond to a request for comment

"I am sure that some law must be broken by all this in Israel, so that these 'Foreign Agents' can be arrested and or deported. This bears close scrutiny now that Bibi has been re-elected. Maybe they can all be gathered together, and sent to an Arab country to live.  These people are traitors to the State of Israel, and should not be tolerated!"

Libyan General warns that 7,500 ISIS fighters will sneak into Europe as Refugees and via smuggling routes. Now the war of Gog and Magog will take a turn.

From Gail a letter to all: I haven’t bought or read Time Magazine for a lo-o-ng Time.  I had forgotten why not.  These 2 articles below bring back those forgotten bad memories from when I used to ‘religiously’ monitor the Media.  (Actually, I think I invented the ‘profession’ of Media Monitoring way back in 1974, 42 years ago after the Yom Kippur War, accelerating my organization after the infamous vote in the U.N. that “Zionism is Racism” November 10, 1975 (anniversary of Kristallnacht which started Nov. 9th but was still ‘burning’ on Nov. 10th). 
            I created & founded M.E.I.R., Mid East Information Resource, a Jewish Speakers’ Bureau to fight Arab Propaganda. Yes, the Propaganda was prolific why back then.  During the Yom Kippur War of 1973, bumper stickers in California read “Burn Jews, not Oil” (l’havdil).  Even then huge quantities of money flowed into the Arab cause to eliminate the Jewish State.  Don’t believe that it was really that bad?  Well, I have the Archives to prove it, sadly.  Or they might be out there in the Air.  Just Googled:  7,310,000 hits in 43 seconds…not all about Jews but, a lot.
·                   Since I created MEIR in 1975, many other Jewish Media Monitoring organizations have formed up because the causes of anti-Semitism are spread ferociously around the Globe via the Media. 
·                   G-d’s present of Black Gold (Oil) under the earth, under the Arab & Muslim States, funds fulsomely the vicious anti-Jew/anti-Israel Propaganda.  Not just ‘still’ but, growing exponentially as this existential threat explodes like fiery volcanoes, little fires – like Molotov cocktails thrown at cars & people, plus huge fireballs that explode buses, trains, planes, restaurants, the Twin Towers - & wild, bloody head-chopping Wars against the Jewish people & the Jewish State.  Muslims are also killing Christians, moderate Muslims who challenge the hegemony of the Power & Money Influentials in the Arab world.
Have a sweet evening, a lovely day. a beautiful peaceful Shabbat,
All the very best, Gail/Geula/Savta/Savta Raba/Mom

Have a great Shabbos but enjoyment with the family and a peaceful relaxation and rest,
Rachamim Pauli