Friday, January 26, 2018

Parsha Beshalach, Holocaust story

Please pray for a young mother Rena Leah bas Chana Friedel. Michael Chaim ben Faige Dina can be taken off the mi shebairach list.

Parsha Beshalach

This week is called Shabbos Shira because of the song by the sea. In past years I have discussed some theories where the crossing was. I have watched a film of people photographing in Saudi Arabia where their sites are. They had a burnt mountain, springs of water with many Palm Trees and a large split stone where most likely water came out of it. However, it was a Christian Film with propaganda which was not kosher.

This year I want to get into the details of the song by the sea. So I will skip over the leaving, pillar of smoke by day, fire by night. I have covered the concept of a lower ocean with a steady 40 mph wind in low temperatures would make the water freeze in an upright condition. When the winds died down and the temperature rose, the sea would return in full force.

13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said: 'Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt.' 18 But God led the people about, by the way of the wilderness by the Red Sea; and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt. 19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him; for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying: 'God will surely remember you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.'

Yosef fed the whole world and now through Chessed shell Emmes. Yosef was returning to Schem where he had been sold into slavery.

14:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn back and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon, over against it shall ye encamp by the sea. 3 And Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel: They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. 4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he shall follow after them; and I will get Me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; and the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD.' And they did so.  

At this point HASHEM reveals to Moshe his plan for Pharaoh and his army that they will be totally defeated. Next week, his army will be a thing of the past and the Bnei Yisrael can rest assured that never again will Pharaoh ,

7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

This is equivalent to taking about 600 tanks today to herd civilians into returning to slavery. Like most police actions against civilians a handful of police control large numbers. The exception was twice in Egypt where unarmed civilians were willing to lay down and die at the hands of the police.

8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel; for the children of Israel went out with a high hand. 9 And the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon. 10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians were marching after them; and they were sore afraid; and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD.

Pharaoh drew near: Heb. וּפַרְעֹה הִקְרִיב, lit., and Pharaoh brought near. It [the verse] should have said: קָרַב. What is the meaning of הִקְרִיב ? He [Pharaoh] drew himself near and strove to go before them [his army], as he had stipulated with them. — The Egyptians were advancing after them: Heb. נֹסֵעַ [in the singular]. With one accord, like one man. Alternatively, [in the singular it means that] and behold, Egypt was advancing after them, [denoting that] they [the Israelites] saw the heavenly prince of Egypt advancing from heaven to aid the Egyptians. [From] Tanchuma. Cried out: They seized the art of their ancestors [i.e., they prayed]. Concerning Abraham, it [Scripture] says: “to the place where he had stood before the Lord” (Gen. 19:27). 2 Concerning Isaac, [it is stated] “to pray in the field” (Gen. 24:63). Concerning Jacob, “And he entreated the Omnipresent” (Gen. 28:11). (See Judaica Press comm. digest on that verse.)-[from Mechilta; Tanchuma Beshallach 9]

Up until now, the Bnei Yisrael did not know how to or have time to pray due to the harsh labor. Now that they were free for just a few days, they had learned to pray morning, afternoon and evening.

11 And they said unto Moses: 'Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness?

Is it because there are no graves: Heb. הִמִבְּלִי אֵין קְבָרִים. Is it because of the want? Namely that there are no graves in Egypt in which to be buried, that you have taken us out of there? Si por falyanze de non fosses in Old French [i.e., Is it for lack, that there are no graves?].

They are becoming hysterical with fear.

Wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to bring us forth out of Egypt? 12 Is not this the word that we spoke unto thee in Egypt, saying: Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it were better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.'

This discussion and fear mongering was not mentioned previously but whenever you have a group of the Bnei Yisrael together, there will always be a number of opinions.

Isn’t this the thing [about] which we spoke to you in Egypt: When had they said [this]? "And they said to them, “May the Lord look upon you and judge’ ” (Exod. 5:21). [from Mechilta] Than die: Heb. מִמֻּתֵנוּ, than we should die. If it [מִמֻּתֵנוּ] were vowelized with a “melupum” (i.e., a “cholam,” [מִמּוֹתֵנוּ] as it is known that the grammarians called a “cholam” a “melupum.” See Rashi below on Exod. 19:24), it would be explained as: “than our death.” Now that it is vowelized with a “shuruk” [מִמֻּתֵנוּ], it is explained as “than we should die.” Likewise [in the verse], “If only we had died (מּוּתֵנוּ)” (Exod. 16:3), [means] that we would die. [Similarly,] “If only I had died (מּוּתֵי) instead of you” (II Sam. 19:1), referring to Absalom [means, I should have died]; [And מּוּתִי is similar to (קוּמִי) in the verse:] “for the day that I will rise up (קוּמִי)” (Zeph. 3:8); [and also similar to (ֹשוּבִי) in the verse] “until I return (ֹשוּבִי) in peace” (II Chron. 18:26), [which mean respectively] that I rise up, that I return.

13 And Moses said unto the people: 'Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will work for you to-day; for whereas ye have seen the Egyptians to-day, ye shall see them again no more forever.

For the way you have seen the Egyptians, etc.: The way you have seen them-that is only today. It is [only] today that you have seen them, but you shall no longer continue [to see them].

Today is the last time that you will ever see an Egyptian. In your lifetime, there will never appear another Egyptian to bother you.

14 The LORD will fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.'

The Lord will fight for you: Heb. לָכֶם, for you, and similarly [the “lammed” in the verse], “because the Lord is fighting for them (לָהֶם)” (verse 25), and similarly [in the verse] “Will you contend for God (לָאֵל) ?” (Job 13:8). And similarly, "and Who spoke about me (לִי) (Gen. 24:7), and similarly, “Will you contend for the Baal (לַבַּעַל) ?” (Jud. 6:31).

HASHEM will intervene in your physical fights.

15 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Wherefore do you cry unto Me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward.

Why do you cry out to Me: [This verse] teaches us that Moses was standing and praying. The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him, “This is no time to pray at length, when Israel is in distress.” Another explanation [of God’s question (Why do you cry out to me?) implies]: “The matter depends on Me and not on you,” as it is said further [in Scripture]: “Concerning My children and the work of My hands do you command Me?” (Isa. 45:11). — [from Mechilta, Exod. Rabbah 21:8] Speak to the children of Israel and let them travel: They have nothing to do but to travel, for the sea will not stand in their way. The merit of their forefathers and their own [merit], and the faith they had in Me when they came out [of Egypt] are sufficient to split the sea for them. — [from Mechilta, Exod. Rabbah 21:8]

But the sea is right in front and now we are being ordered on faith to march into the sea on this very cold and windy night.

16 And lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thy hand over the sea, and divide it; and the children of Israel shall go into the midst of the sea on dry ground.

This time Moshe could divide the sea as it was not a plague on the Nile that had saved him. The division of the sea did not hurt the sea as the plague hurt the Nile.

17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them; and I will get Me honor upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

Can you imagine a battle today with the equivalent of 600 tanks being over-thrown and their drivers and fighters destroyed by HASHEM? In a generation of mostly hidden miracles, it is hard to fathom.

18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten Me honor upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.' 19 And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud removed from before them, and stood behind them;

And went behind them: to separate between the Egyptians’ camp and the Israelites’ camp and to catch the arrows and the catapult stones of the Egyptians. Everywhere it says: “the angel of the Lord (ה),” but here [it says]: “the angel of God (אֱלֹהִים).” Everywhere [in Scripture] אֱלֹהִים denotes [God’s attribute of] judgment. This teaches that at that moment, the Israelites were being judged whether to be saved or to perish with the Egyptians. And the pillar of cloud moved away: When it became dark, and the pillar of cloud delivered the camp to the pillar of fire, the cloud did not go away as it would customarily go away completely in the evening, but it moved away and went behind them [the Israelites] to make it dark for the Egyptians.

Now the amazing cloud instead of disappearing in the evening now formed a plague of darkness barrier behind them and the pillar of fire lite their came and way.

20 and it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness here, yet gave it light by night there; and the one came not near the other all the night.

And he came between the camp of Egypt: This can be compared to a person walking along the road with his son walking in front of him. [When] bandits came to capture him [the son], he [the father] took him from in front of him and placed him behind him. A wolf came behind him; so he put him [his son] in front of him. [When] bandits came in front of him and wolves behind him, he put him [his son] on his arms and fought them off. Similarly [the prophet depicts the angel protecting Israel when they drew near to the Red Sea], “But I sent to train Ephraim, he took them on his arms” (Hos. 11:3). — [from Mechilta] And there were the cloud and the darkness: for the Egyptians. And it illuminated: [I.e.,] the pillar of fire [illuminated] the night for the Israelites, and it went before them as it usually went all night long, and the thick darkness [from the cloud] was toward the Egyptians. And one did not draw near the other: [I.e., one] camp to [the other] camp. — [from Mechilta, Jonathan]

The strategic placement of the cloud and the fire to guide them led to their ability to flee into the sea. The sea dried up in the winds and split for the tribes to go through. [Remember last year based on the spot where the Red Sea is shallow and centuries ago the water level was lower. A good powerful steady wind of 40 to 42 miles per hour with low temperatures would allow the water to stand up frozen on the right and on the left.]

21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all the night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

With the strong east wind: [I.e.,] with the east wind, which is the strongest of the winds. That is the wind with which the Holy One, blessed be He, visits retribution upon the wicked, as it is said [in the following verses]: “With an east wind I will scatter them” (Jer. 18:17); “an east wind shall come, a wind of the Lord” (Hos. 13:15); “the east wind broke you in the heart of the seas” (Ezek. 27:26); “He spoke with His harsh wind on the day of the east wind” (Isa. 27:8). — [from Mechilta] And the waters split: All the water in the world. — [from Mechilta Exod. Rabbah 21:6]

It was like a scene that was found in the Alps of a Mastodon chewing daisies that froze in a glacier. A wind so powerful held steady that with the temperature outside began blowing the waters apart and freezing them to the right and left of a lower sea level with a shallower area between Sinai and according to a number of people and pillars that used to exist in Saudi Arabia. The pillars commemorated the cross of the sea on dry land. They remained there until it was disclosed to the Saudi authorities of their meaning and was removed after 2005. This one shows a man named Kevin next to one pillar But there are others with two columns. Here is a Map identifying places according to those who have visited both what we call Sinai and Saudi Kingdom Another picture of one column and other things like the rock that split and water came out from it etc. and other photos:

22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

They went through like we have in giant aquariums today where one goes under water level and they have glass tank where the fish or dolphins swim.

23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

A well discipline army will attack or pursue the enemy despite dangers as they follow orders. [Probably the most famous battle of the late 1800’s put into a poem by Alfred Lloyd Tennyson The Charge of the Light Brigade which had 600 horsemen charging through cannons to the left and the right. Like Pharaoh’s army the light brigade met a similar fate.]

24 And it came to pass in the morning watch, that the LORD looked forth upon the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and discomfited the host of the Egyptians.

It came about in the morning watch: Heb. בְּאַֹשְמֹרֶת. The three parts of the night are called, אַשְׁמוּרוּת, watches (Ber. 3b), and the one [watch] before morning is called אַשְׁמֹרֶתהַבֹּקֶר, the morning watch. I say that because the night is divided into the watches of the songs of the ministering angels, one group after another into three parts, it is called אַשְׁמֹרֶת, watch. This is what Onkelos [means when he] renders מַטְּרַת. Loked down: Heb. וַיַּשְׁקֵף, looked, that is to say that He turned toward them to destroy them, and the Targum [Onkelos] renders: וְאִסְךְתְּכֵי. This too is an expression of looking, like “to the field of seers” (Num. 23:14), [which Onkelos renders:] לַחִקַל סָכוּתָא Through a pillar of fire and cloud: The pillar of cloud descends and makes it [the earth] like mud, and the pillar of fire boils it [the earth], and the hoofs of their horses slip. — [from Mechilta] And He threw the Egyptian camp into confusion: Heb. וַיָּהָם, an expression of confusion, estordison in Old French. He confused them; He took away their intelligence. We learned in the chapters of Rabbi Eliezer the son of Rabbi Yose the Galilean [not found in our edition] [that] wherever it says מְהוּמָה [confusion], it means a tumultuous noise. And the “father” of them all, [the best example of the use of מְהוּמָה, is [in the verse:] “and the Lord thundered with a loud noise, etc., on the Philistines and threw them into confusion (וַיְהוּמֵּם)” (I Sam. 7:10).

On Yom Kippur 5734 I saw panic of faces of women when the sirens went off. I can imagine an army where columns of water to the right and left are closing in on them and their chariot wheels are bogged down. They cannot run fast enough or jettison their armor. In the end between drowning and dying from hyperthermia not one of the Egyptians is left.

25 And He took off their chariot wheels, and made them to drive heavily; so that the Egyptians said: 'Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians.'

And He removed the wheels of their chariots: With the fire the wheels were burned, and the chariots dragged, and those sitting in them were moved to and fro, and their limbs were wrenched apart. — [from an unknown source, similar to Mechilta] And He led them with heaviness: In a manner that was heavy and difficult for them. [This punishment was] in the measure that they [the Egyptians had] measured [to the Israelites], namely “and he made his heart heavy, he and his servants” (Exod. 9:34). Here too, “He led them with heaviness.” -[from an unknown source, similar to Mechilta] Is fighting for them against the Egyptians: Heb. בְּמִצְרָיִם, [is like] against the Egyptians. Alternatively: בְּמִצְרָיִם [means] in the land of Egypt, for just as these [Egyptians] were being smitten in the sea, so were those remaining in Egypt being smitten. — [from Mechilta]

With their chariots over turned by rushing water or wheels stuck down in the mud of what was a frozen sand base, they had no instruments of war. They could not pursue with spears and arrows nor fight against HASHEM. They were helpless and sinking.

26 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Stretch out thy hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.'
As the Bnei Yisrael finished crossing it was the time that HASHEM removed the column of darkness so that the Egyptians would be entrapped in the Sea. From this time onwards with the army totally wiped out, the Bnei Yisrael would not have to fear the Egyptians.

And let the water return: [I.e., the water] that is standing upright like a wall [will] return to its place and cover up the Egyptians.

27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

Toward morning: Heb. לִפְנוֹתבֹּקֶר, at the time the morning approaches [lit., turns (פּוֹנֶה) to come].To its strength: Heb. לְאֵיתָנוֹ. To its original strength. — [from Mechilta] Were fleeing toward it: Because they were confused and crazed and running toward the water. And the Lord stirred: Heb. וַיְנַעֵר. As a person stirs (מְנַעֵר) a pot [of food] and turns what is on the top to the bottom and what is on the bottom to the top, so were they [the Egyptians] bobbing up and down and being smashed in the sea, and the Holy One, blessed be He, kept them alive to bear their tortures. — [from Mechilta] Stirred: Heb. וַיְנַעֵר. [Onkelos renders it] וְֹשַנִּיק, which means stirring in the Aramaic language, and there are many [examples of this word] in aggadic midrashim.

I don’t know if Rashi ever saw a drowning man but the description of bobbing up and down is from tradition. Never clown like you are drowning in the water for a number of cases good swimmers did drown or almost drowned from their previous clowning behavior. For anybody can come into danger from a cramp or medical alert.

28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, even all the host of Pharaoh that went in after them into the sea; there remained not so much as one of them.

They were now completely free men. This would not prevent some people who preferred social hands for their slavery like watermelons and cucumbers to desire to go back to Egypt instead of Mann and lack of fish or meat.

29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. 30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea-shore. 31 And Israel saw the great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians, and the people feared the LORD; and they believed in the LORD, and in His servant Moses.

It certainly took a lot of doing until they believed in HASHEM and Moshe HIS servant. That will be for a few days until they lack water or bread.

15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spoke, saying: I will sing unto the LORD, for He is highly exalted; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. … 18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.

This was the Shira that the people sung by the Sea and Miriam put it into instrumental music.

20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 21 And Miriam sang unto them: Sing ye to the LORD, for He is highly exalted: the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.

The ideal freedom march was going fine until all sorts of complaints by the rowdy mob of freed slaves started up:

22 And Moses led Israel onward from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. And

… 16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness; 3 and the children of Israel said unto them: 'Would that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh-pots, when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.' 4 Then said the LORD unto Moses: 'Behold, I will cause to rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law, or not. 5 And it shall come to pass on the sixth day that they shall prepare that which they bring in, and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.'

They had a weak tradition about creation and Shabbos. This was about to change with a physical example before them.

11 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 12 'I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel. Speak unto them, saying: At dusk ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.' 13 And it came to pass at even, that the quails came up, and covered the camp; and in the morning there was a layer of dew round about the camp.

They had water, bread and now meat from heaven.

14 And when the layer of dew was gone up, behold upon the face of the wilderness a fine, scale-like thing, fine as the hoar-frost on the ground. 15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another: 'What is it?'--for they knew not what it was. And Moses said unto them: 'It is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.
… 17:1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, by their stages, according to the commandment of the LORD, and encamped in Rephidim; and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Wherefore the people strove with Moses, and said: 'Give us water that we may drink.' And Moses said unto them: 'Why strive ye with me? wherefore do ye try the LORD?' 3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said: 'Wherefore hast thou brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?' 4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying: 'What shall I do unto this people? they are almost ready to stone me.'

Moshe brings water out of the rock but because the people were weak in their faith. So the enemy was able to come.

8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

It is a Mitzvah to remember what Amalek did.

14 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Write this for a memorial in the book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.' 15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Adonai-nissi. 16 And he said: 'The hand upon the throne of the LORD: the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.'

Shabbos Shira and Parsha Ha Mann is always around Tu B’Shevat.

Nazi havens of South America by Dr. Yvette Miller

Secret files reveal 9,000 Nazi war criminals fled to South America after WWII.

After 1945 the scale of the horror of the Holocaust came to light. Faced with unprecedented cruelty, much of the world responded with unprecedented vigor. The new term “crimes against humanity” was coined in the subsequent Nuremberg trials, as Allied lawyers called senior Nazis to account.
Yet fewer than 300 Nazis faced judgment in the Nuremberg trials while up to 9,000 Nazis by some counts were spirited away from Europe after World War II, helped by sympathetic agents and friends. Many found new lives in South America. By the late 1940s, much of South America, particularly Brazil, Chile and Argentina, was a haven for thousands of Nazis eluding justice. German prosecutors in recent years have estimated that Brazil accepted between 1,500 and 2,000 Nazis, Chile took in between 500 and 1,000, and Argentina welcomed up to 5,000 Nazis to their country.
Many South American countries were home to large communities of ethnic Germans during and after World War II. In many cases, these communities were sympathetic to and even welcomed Nazis, helping them to evade justice. In the mid-1980s, it was estimated that 3.6 million of Brazil’s 130 million citizens, one million out of Argentina’s 28 million people, and 200,000 out of 3.5 million citizens of Paraguay were ethnically German. “Many of them maintain the language and traditions of their forefathers,” the New York Times noted in 1985. “Because of their strong cultural identity, the older German farming communities in southern Brazil and southern Paraguay have often been accused of harboring Nazis. In 1962, the Chilean town of Colonia Dignidad was found to be home to 300 families who’d fled Germany after World War II, finding a welcome – and no questions asked – among their compatriots in South America.”
In 1955, Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, a grandson of immigrants from Bavaria, opened Paraguay to former Nazis. In the 1930s, Brazil had the biggest Nazi party in the world after Germany, with 40,000 members; many of these Brazilian Nazis welcomed German Nazis after the war. In Argentina, future president Juan Peron spent part of the war, from 1939 to 1941, working in Argentina’s embassy in Italy and openly admired the politics of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. When Peron became President of Argentina in 1946, he ordered the establishment of secret channels – dubbed “ratlines” – to ferry thousands of Nazis from ports in Spain and Italy out of Europe and into Latin America.
Historian Uki Goni, in his 2002 book The Real Odessa: Smuggling the Nazis to Peron’s Argentina, documents that in 1946 Juan Peron sent secret word to France that Nazi officials facing prosecution at home would find a welcoming haven in Argentina. The “Odessa” theory, popularized in the 1972 novel The Odessa File and 1974 movie of the same name, was that a secret group of former SS officers had banded together and was helping former Nazi officials to escape post-war Europe. While there was no “Odessa” group, the truth was far stranger: some of the most senior officials in governments, the Catholic church and aid organizations actively worked to help Nazis escape justice, often sending them to South America.
Peron’s key point man in creating a pipeline for Nazis was the Argentinian Cardinal Antonio Caggiano. He passed along Peron’s top-secret message to a Cardinal in France, who communicated with Nazis living in France, helping usher them to Argentina. Peron invested considerable manpower in smuggling Nazis to Argentina, even setting up a secret office in Bern to help handle the paperwork. In Spring 1946, the first French Nazis began receiving Argentinian tourist visas and setting sail for South America.
Many of these Nazis escaping to South America were aided by Catholic officials. Some merely wanted to help Catholics escape from the rising Communist governments in central Europe. Other officials, however, were actively anti-Semitic and desired to help Nazis elude justice. One of the highest ranking Catholic officials who aided Nazi criminals was Bishop Alois Hudal, an Austrian-born admirer of Hitler. Bishop Hudal worked in Rome, ministering to Axis POWs, and tirelessly aided war criminals by providing them with false Vatican-issued identity papers allowing them to gain passports from the International Red Cross and travel to South America.
Bishop Hudal worked with a network of officials throughout Europe; it was he, with the aid of a Franciscan friar in Italy, who provided false papers that allowed senior Nazi Adolf Eichmann to sail for Argentina. Hudal’s activities helping “refugees” (many of whom were Nazis evading justice) garnered him much praise and financial support. The American Catholic Bishops Conference even approved a monthly stipend of $200 to Bishop Hudal to help him in his work.
The work of Bishop Hudal and other Catholic officials to help Nazis flee was an open secret. A 1947 memo sent from the United States’ Italian embassy noted that “The Vatican of course is the largest single organization involved in the illegal movement of emigrants” out of Europe in those years.
Bishop Hudal and other Catholic officials had a willing accomplice in Carl Jacob Burckhardt, President of the International Red Cross in the years after World War II. In his 2011 book Nazis on the Run: How Hitler’s Henchmen Fled Justice, historian Gerald Steinacher chronicles Burckhardt’s anti-Semitism, as well as his penchant for helping Germans, including former Nazis. It’s hard to know just how many former Nazis fled Europe using false Red Cross papers; in 2012, German lawyers, after examining recently declassified archives, estimated that thousands of Nazis were similarly able to obtain false Red Cross passports. About 800 SS members were able to flee to Argentina alone using these false documents.

One Nazi who fled to Argentina was Horst Wagner, who aided in the deportation and murder of at least 350,000 Jews. Wagner’s story would have remained unknown were it not for the efforts of German family therapist turned author Gisela Heidenreich, whose mother Edith met and fell in love with Horst Wagner during the war. In 2012, Ms. Heidenreich published a work documenting Wagner’s escape from justice, Beloved Criminal: A Diplomat in the Service of the Final Solution. After escaping from an Allied-run jail in 1948, Wagner followed a path dubbed the “Kloster Line”, receiving sanctuary in convents and churches in Austria before heading to Rome. There, Bishop Hudal helped him obtain false papers and sail to Argentina.
Franz Stangl, the commander of the extermination camps of Sobibor and Treblinka who oversaw the murder of nearly one and a half million Jews, was another senior Nazi Ms. Heidenreich uncovered who followed the same path. Stangl was aided by Catholic church officials and eventually fled to Brazil on a false Red Cross passport. Stangl was eventually extradited to Germany in the 1960s and died in jail. Wagner met a different fate: he was never extradited and lived to old age in the Argentinian town of Bariloche, near Patagonia where he celebrated at weekly get-togethers in local beer halls, singing Nazi songs with other SS comrades who called Argentina home.
In addition to being ideologically sympathetic to Nazi ideology, Juan Peron also had a financial motive in bringing so many Nazis to his country. In 2005, drawing on government archives that had just been declassified, German journalist Gaby Weber found that Peron systematically used his government to launder money belonging to Nazi-owned companies, whose profits would otherwise have been seized as part of criminal investigations. In The German Connection: The Laundering of Nazi Money in Argentina, Ms. Weber estimates that value of the money laundering operation at well over one billion dollars.
A Mercedes-Benz plant in the suburbs of Buenos Aires might have been the center of the program bringing German wealth and former Nazis to Argentina, Ms. Weber uncovered. Adolf Eichmann worked at the plant, first under his own name, and later under an alias. According to Ms. Weber, Eichmann might have worked as a paymaster, “financing the movement and flight to Argentina” of other Nazis, before he was captured by Israeli forces in 1960, tried, and executed in 1962.
Otto Skorzeny, an SS commander who was known as Hitler’s favorite Nazi commando, is another senior Nazi figure who might have arranged for other Nazis to find homes in South America. Escaping from an Allied prison in 1947 with the help of local pro-Nazi citizens, Skorzeny moved to Madrid, where he ran an import/export agency that was rumored to be a front for organizing the escape of Nazis to South America. Skorzeny made numerous trips to Argentina, eventually working for a time as a bodyguard to Juan Peron’s wildly popular second wife, Eva, known as Evita.
Evita seems to have been an enthusiastic helper of Nazis in her own right. She was reported to have been romantically involved with Skorzeny, and also might have been active in laundering money from German Nazis. In 2011, Brazilian authors Leandro Narloch and Duda Teixeira wrote, “It is still suspected that among (Eva Peron’s) possessions, there were pieces of Nazi treasure that came from rich Jewish families killed in concentration camps.”
Nazis who eluded justice to find a haven in South America include
·         “Angel of Death” Josef Mengele, who conducted gruesome experiments at Auschwitz, and fled to Argentina in 1949. He moved to Paraguay in 1959 and Brazil in 1960; he drowned while swimming on a Brazilian beach in 1979.
·         SS Col. Walter Rauff, who invented mobile gas chambers that killed at least 100,000 people; he died in Chile in 1984.
·         Eduard Roschmann, known as the “Butcher of Riga”; he died in Paraguay in 1977.
·         “The Beast”, SS officer Gustav Wagner. He died in Brazil in 1980 after the supreme court blocked his extradition to Germany over paperwork.
·         Klaus Barbie, known as the “Butcher of Lyon.” The Gestapo chief in Lyon, France, contributed to the death of thousands of French Jews and members of the French resistance. He was smuggled into Bolivia, in part with American help, where he aided anti-communist efforts. He was finally extradited in 1983 and imprisoned in France.
The Torah commands “Justice, justice shall you pursue” (Deuteronomy 16:18). A generation ago, thousands of Nazis eluded justice by fleeing to South America. Today, as a new generation of historians delving into archives and other records, the truth about how so much of South America became a Nazi haven is being uncovered. It’s too late to try most of these Nazi war criminals but their victims, and all of us, deserve to know the truth about this dark chapter in South America’s past.

Today I would not want to serve both the Chief of Staff and his deputy are anti-religious.

When Jews and Nazis could have been friends rare coin.,7340,L-5072424,00.html

Thanks to my cousin David – Golani Ski Patrol in Action.

Attorney General interrupted in prayer by Chilul Shabbos demonstrators.,7340,L-5073651,00.html

The children were most likely sold for adoption at $5000 each.

Jewish Power Struggle over Calendar from the days of probably before Rabban Gamliel set it and revised sort of by the Karites.

Last week an impatient driver passed somebody on road 446 pulling out as my car was traveling in the opposite direction barely missing me. Undivided highways in Israel are the cause of many deaths.,7340,L-5075517,00.html

Inyanay Diyoma

From Dan: You can take this or leave it check out Dan’s facts but say what you may there is some progress to restoring greatness to the USA.                                                     NEVER SEE THIS REPORTED ON THE FAKE NEWS NETWORKS:
Largest decrease of US Federal Debt in US history!
(102+ Billion Decrease)
Stock market breaking records...
( 25,803 and Up 41%+)
2.5 Million more jobs (and more hiring now after the Tax Plan)
Unemployment rate down to 4.1% Lowest since 1973!!!
Labor participation rate up 63.1%
94% less Illegals running across the border
Cancelled hundreds of economy slowing Regulations.
50% MORE economic growth than the past 8 years 
5.7 TRILLION added to the value of US Businesses
1.5 Million people off of Welfare!
Consumer confidence 125.9 (best in 17 years!)
$17+ Billion in the USA (42 South Korean Companies investing) 
$58+ Billion in American Goods (24 South Korean Companies will purchase )
+ $10 Billion in commercial Vietnam deals
+ $250 Billion Trade-investment deals with China that will create additional jobs in the USA
3.3% GDP Growth (compared to Obama's 1% in 8 years)
+HUGE Tax cuts for the low income and Middle class when the Democrats were looking to increase taxes by an avg of $500 a person
+Brought home 10 Americans detained abroad.
+Decimated ISIS and dropped their numbers to near extinction and nullified any ability for them to be effective at all.
+ ISIS is pretty much broke financially and has lost over 98% of their territory since Trump took office.
+ LOWEST Minority Unemployment since 1972! (24% more employed than Obama)
+ LOWEST Illegal immigration in 45 years
19 - Federal judges confirmed.
97 - Bills signed into law.
$2,000 - Average family tax savings. 
But ...  to fake news =Trumps a moron!

Stop trying to understand Arabs. Ed-Op Ben Dror Yemeni.,7340,L-5072291,00.html

VP Pence starts 3 day visit to Israel.,7340,L-5073746,00.html

Drones the new terror threat. Lod-TLV Airport is not far from the Arab part of the city of Lod.

Turks defying US, Russia, Syria as they attack the Kurdish enclave.

MSG to PLO from V.P. we are not the Obama I love Islam Gov’t anymore.

US – Jordan agree to disagree over Yerushalayim.,7340,L-5074127,00.html

I have been reading that the Arab leader is losing it mentally and psychologically. Minister remarks.

Ed-Op Yemeni how do Netanyahu and Trump manage. (like I wrote I got a free copy of the book Fire and Fury the day after publication from a friend on the left side of the fence so it seems fake stories to me.),7340,L-5073007,00.html

J. Tobin Ed-Op don’t blame Trump or Israel for Arab’s opponents of peace.

Hamas “rocket maker” in Philippines:,7340,L-5075582,00.html

The truth is both Israelis and Arabs reject the silly notion of a two State Solution.

I saw this MD somewhere on a Conversion to Judaism site. Israel’s Bangladeshi ‘ambassador’ converting to Judaism.,7340,L-5075683,00.html

Last week on Friday, Israel experienced hurricane force gusts in the north. This week we are hoping for a rain – snow event to help us with the drought.,7340,L-5076038,00.html

Ed-Op Fishman Trump’s plan take it or leave it:,7340,L-5075539,00.html

The Gallup report says: "Israel was the only country in Asia in which U.S. approval increased substantially. The 67% of Israelis who approve of U.S. leadership is up 14 points from 2016, and on par with the ratings they gave the U.S. during the Bush administration. – Jewish Republican Coalition.

The NY Times reported on round ups and gas chambers on page 16 but did nothing and now the same Jewish owned paper:

Have a wonderful Shabbos,
Rachamim Pauli